This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide
Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide 3D model
Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide 2D structure
Names
IUPAC name
N-Dicyanophosphoryl-N-methylmethanamine
Other names
(Dimethylamido)phosphoryl dicyanide
N,N-Dimethylphosphoramidodicyanidate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C4H6N3OP
Molar mass 143.086 g·mol−1
Hazards
Corrosive C Dangerous for the Environment (Nature) N Very Toxic T+ Extremely Flammable F+
R-phrases (outdated) R26/27/28, R15/29
S-phrases (outdated) (S1/2), S3/7, S36/37/39, S23, S28, S38, S45
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g. gasolineHealth code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g. VX gasReactivity code 2: Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water. E.g. white phosphorusSpecial hazard W: Reacts with water in an unusual or dangerous manner. E.g. sodium, sulfuric acidNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
3
4
2
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☑Y verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide is an important chemical for the final process of synthesizing Tabun, a nerve agent used as a chemical weapon.

Preparation

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide could be prepared by reacting Dimethylamidophosphoric dichloride with sodium cyanide.

Synthesis of Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide-2D-by-AHRLS.png

Safety

This chemical is very flammable, highly toxic, and reactive. If ingested or absorbed through skin, it will cause mild nerve agent symptoms directly as well as blood agent symptoms due to release of HCN. If mixed with water, it gives off poisonous hydrogen cyanide fumes and dimethylamidophosphoric acid.

See also