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Dhapa, India

Dhapa
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Dhapa is located in Kolkata
Dhapa
Dhapa
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°33′41″N 88°26′32″E / 22.561333°N 88.442254°E / 22.561333; 88.442254
Country India
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
DistrictKolkata
Metro StationBeliaghata(under construction) and Barun Sengupta(under construction)
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC ward58
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 • TotalFor population see linked KMC ward page
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700 105
Area code(s)+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Uttar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyEntally

Dhapa is a locality on the fringes of East Kolkata, India. The area consists of landfill sites where the solid wastes of the city of Kolkata are dumped. "Garbage farming" is encouraged in the landfill sites.[1] More than 40 per cent of the green vegetables in the Kolkata markets come from these lands.[citation needed] There are four sectors in Dhapa for dumping garbage that are filled with 2,500 tonnes of waste per day.[2]

History

In the eastern fringes of Kolkata, the neighbourhoods such as Tangra, Tiljala, Topsia and Dhapa, were populated largely with people who migrated from poverty-ridden and caste-ridden villages, in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. They came with dreams of a better life but landed in the slums with open drains, pigsties, factory chimneys and pungent chemicals. They found work in the tanneries and factories, and also engaged in menial work. A big proportion of them were Chamars, but there also were Doms, Dosads, Mehtars and Kahars. They were all Harijans and they formed a majority. They escaped from the petty persecution they faced in their villages but were far removed from the main stream of urban life and culture. They have been here, living in depressing conditions, for more than a century.[3]

Geography

Location

The Dhapa road from Eastern Metropolitan Bypass.

Dhapa is located near the Parama island on the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass, on the eastern side of Kolkata. The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass is on the east, Beleghata and Tangra are on the west, China Town on the south and the Metropolitan Cooperative Housing Society is on the north. The closest landmarks near Dhapa are the ITC Sonar hotel and Silver Spring housing which fall on the east side, Milan Mela ground or the permanent trade fair ground and Science City which are on the south side and Mathpukur five point crossing which is on the west side. In the West side of Dhapa an oldest and important landmark exist which is the Awatar Bhavan that has Dhapa Post Office in it. It also has the St. Thomas school. This building was once built by Late Yadunandan Singh in the year 1920 and it is currently owned by his son Shatrughna Prasad Singh. Apart from that some other old landmarks are Dhapa Kutchery also built by Late Yadunandan Singh in the 1920s. Apart from all these there is also an old two storey building which was built in the early 1900s by late Sarju Singh a knowned landlord of the locality. Dhapa is home to more than 40% fresh vegetables around the city. Among all these things dhapa is also home to one of the biggest rice market. Which was settled by Lt Sarju Singh . The bazaar settled by late sarju Singh was later recognized and named as Singh Bazaar.

The Kolkata Municipal Corporation is responsible for providing the basic civic facilities and amenities to the residents of the place like Water, Drainage, Sanitation, Garbage Collection, Anti Malarial and Health Care programs. The Calcutta Electricity Supply Corporation (CESC) provides electricity to the area as well as to entire Kolkata as the sole electricity provider.

Police district

Pragati Maidan police station is part of the East division of Kolkata Police. It is located at Parama Traffic Island, Kolkata-700 107.[4]

Jadavpur, Thakurpukur, Behala, Purba Jadavpur, Tiljala, Regent Park, Metiabruz, Nadial and Kasba police stations were transferred from South 24 Parganas to Kolkata in 2011. Except Metiabruz, all the police stations were split into two. The new police stations are Parnasree, Haridevpur, Garfa, Patuli, Survey Park, Pragati Maidan, Bansdroni and Rajabagan.[5]

Pollution in Dhapa

Dhapa has been a major victim of Air and sound pollution. In 1986 the pond next to the Dhapa Post Office was filled by the city garbage. As a result, at least 65% of the population above the age of 35 are infected by the exposure to tuberculosis. Now this pond is the current day Dhapa Saag bazaar which is a money minting ground for politically supported mafias. They use this ground for snatching (Hafta) money from the poor peasants.

Demography

Majority of the people living in the place are either migrant casual laborers who work in tanneries of China Town or are employed in small factories nearby. Some of the inhabitants are peasants and farmers who work in the fields that line the EM Bypass. These farmers came from Medinipur, Durgapur, Bihar and Orissa and were settled by the help of Late Yadunandan Singh. The majority of the population is poor and some live below the poverty line. Recently new population has migrated in the Hatgachia area. Also the family of Patwas have moved here from Bihar who have minted the money in jewellery business. Singh family of Late Yadunandan Singh is remembered for the landlord like status in the area and the old peasants still remember him for his philanthropic works like providing farming opportunity and building homes of Oriya Para, Uttar Bari, Dakshin Bari and Janakalyan School. This family is known to be highly educated in the area. His grandson Shantanu Singh runs an Engineering consultancy in New Jersey, USA in the name of YN (Yadunandan) Enterprises.

Schools

The area has several schools like the Harvard House High School (ICSE), St. Thomas School (ICSE), St. Patrick Day School (Primary), Janakalyan School (West Bengal Secondary Board) and a number of small primary and secondary schools affiliated to the local state board (West Bengal).

Crime and criminal activities

The place was once notorious for criminal and anti-social activities as illegal drugs, liquor and other contraband objects were sold openly. There were various mafia groups who fought among themselves while trying to control the illegal liquor trade (hooch, desi). During the decades of 80's and 90's this area was once ruled by notorious criminals like Shiv Narayan, Ganesh, Jhantu and Tarak. However, with the arrival of new Officer in Charge things were under control by the year 2000. In 2013 this area suffered a major blow when the councilor Mr. Sambhunath Kow was charged with non intentional murder of a local mafia named Adhir Maiti. People are still in a dilemma that why judgement has not been done to state if the councillor is guilty or not. Time is passing by and the councillor and his family are victim of the law and order situation where a final judgement has not passed yet.

External links

Kolkata/East travel guide from Wikivoyage

References

  1. ^ United Nations Environment Programme article
  2. ^ "Vegetable lots to litter zone..." The Telegraph. 30 October 2003
  3. ^ Bandyopadhyay, Raghab, ‘’The Inheritors: Slum and Pavement Life in Calcutta", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 78-82, First published 1990, 2005 edition, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  4. ^ "Kolkata Police". East Division. KP. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Midnight change of guard – 17 more police stations come under Lalbazar". The Telegraph, 1 September 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2018.