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Dhanbad Junction railway station

Dhanbad Junction
Regional rail and Light rail station
Dhanbad Junction platformboard.jpg
Dhanbad Junction
LocationStation Road, Dhanbad, Dhanbad district, Jharkhand
Coordinates23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.7922°N 86.4283°E / 23.7922; 86.4283
Elevation235.00 metres (771.00 ft)
Owned byGovernment of India
Operated byIndian Railways
Line(s)Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line , Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line, Dhanbad- Singrauli line, Dhanbad-Bhojudih-Adra Line
Structure typeIn Development
Other information
Station codeDHN
Zone(s) East Central Railway
Division(s) Dhanbad Railway division
Opened1880; 138 years ago (1880)
Rebuilt1956; 62 years ago (1956)
Electrified1960; 58 years ago (1960)
Previous namesDhanbad
Route map
to Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord
to Hazaribagh / Barkakana
to Giridih (under construction)
Barakar River
Hazaribagh Road
Parasnath Hill 1,350 metres (4,430 ft)
NH 2 / Grand Trunk Road
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh
to Barkakana and Muri
to Railways in Jharia Coalfield / Katrasgarh
Bhuli (halt)
to Railways in Jharia Coalfield / Jharia
to Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord
Grand Chord
 Gaya–Mughalsarai section 
Up arrow
Mughalsarai Junction
Right arrow
Chandauli Majhwar
Bhabua Road
Nehru Setu bridge
across Son River
Son Nagar
Left arrow
to Barkakana
Anugrah Narayan Road
Gaya Junction
 Asansol–Gaya section 
Gaya Junction
Right arrow
Right arrow
Koderma Junction
Left arrow
Right arrow
to Giridih
Hazaribagh Road
NSC Bose Gomoh
Left arrow
Left arrow
to Adra
Right arrow
Down arrow
12259 Sealdah Duronto Express at Dhanbad Junction.jpg

Dhanbad Junction Railway Station, station code DHN, is a railway station of the Indian railway serving the city of Dhanbad, the headquarters of Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the largest railway station in Jharkhand, handling over 100 trains and 100,000+ passengers every day. Dhanbad is also the headquarters of the Dhanbad Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Dhanbad junction. Dhanbad is located at 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.79222°N 86.42833°E / 23.79222; 86.42833.[1] It has an elevation of 235 metres (771 ft).

One of the largest and busiest railway junctions, it is arguably the most important station on the Grand Chord. In fact Dhanbad is the junction at which the Grand Chord really diverges from the CIC section. CIC rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Besides the CIC section there was a direct line to Ranchi which goes through Bokaro and Chandrapura. Most trains bound for Ranchi take this route. Dhanbad has a rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune, Guwahati, Jamshedpur, Daltonganj etc. Another rail line passing through the district, starts at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line comes under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad is connected with most of the states through rail network. Every train passing through Dhanbad has a stop here.This Station is facing a serious problem of connectivity. And losing its importance after closure of Dhanbad-Chandrapura rail line. Platform 6-7 is fading away now. but Mahuda Junction is just 19 km by road become the substitution for Dhanbad and nearby places for different trains after closure of Chandrapura Dhanbad line.

There used to be another railway line from Dhanbad connecting it to Jharia and Pathardih. The line used to intersect the CIC section, requiring a Diamond Crossing. Now that the line has been dis-mantled, the Diamond Crossing is no longer operational. Previously when there were much less trains from Ranchi and adjoining areas, Dhanbad along with Tatanagar railway station served as the main railway stations for the entire state of Jharkhand.


The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond is industrialized. Apart from factories, there are many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extends for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passes through cuttings, where the surrounding area is higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks." This description is from "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record" by Samit Roychoudhury.[2]


The East Indian Railway Company extended its lines to Katrasgarh via Dhanbd in 1894.[3]

In the Railways in Jharia Coalfield, amongst the major sections of EIR were the Dhanbad-Phularitand section (21.6 km) opened in 1894 to Katrasgarh and extended to Phularitand in 1924, and the Dhanbad-Pathardih section opened in 1903.[4]

New developments

In February 2012, The Indian Railways had planned to set up a Railway Station Development Corporation (RSDC) that will work on improving the major railway stations including Dhanbad Junction by building and developing Restaurants, shopping areas and food plaza for commercial business and improving passenger amenities[5]


The Kumardhubi-Dhanbad, Pradhankhanta-Pathardih and Dhanbad-Gomoh sectors were electrified in 1960-61.[6]


The station houses all the major facilities like waiting rooms, computerized reservation facility, dormitory, retiring rooms, cafeteria, bookshop, food plaza etc.[7] Existing facilities are being revamped for developing it as model station. The Railway station is a divisional headquarters of East Central Railway and houses a number of non-passenger related facilities like loco sheds, washing lines etc. in its premises. From 21 November, 2016 free RailWire WiFi facility is also available. If You have to come on Manaitand and Joraphatak Area then come across the Platform No. 7 & If You have to reach central area of Dhanbad then come across the Platform No. 1 main gate. You can also get various types of Magazines, NewsPapers, and more facilities on Platform No. 1,2 & 3.

Escalator has been installed in platform 2 and 3 at the station. This proves to be of high help to the senior citizens and the handicapped.

External video
Video of Rajdhani Express from Dhanbad Junctionretrieved 8.03.2012

Transport and connectivity

Dhanbad station is very well connected by roadways. There is a bus stand just outside the railway station, where buses for nearby cities like Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Asansol and Durgapur are easily available.

Outside the station, there is a taxi stand wherein a lot of taxis are always available.

Dhanbad along with Ranchi and Jamshedpur were provided with buses under JNNURM scheme, for city transportation. These buses can be used for local transportation.

Autos remain the mainstay of civilian transport in the city. These autos can be used to travel throughout the length of the city, using very nominal fares.


Dhanbad Jn is a Category A1,[8] station as well as the divisional headquarters. It is the largest station in the adjoining area, and every train has a halt here. Lying centrally on the Grand Chord it is flanked by Gaya Junction on the Delhi side and Asansol railway station on the Howrah side. It is not uncommon to find long distance trains getting their locomotives and rakes (occasionally) changed here. All the Duronto Express passing through Dhanbad have a technical stoppage here. Due to shortage in spaces, Dhanbad does-not have any loco-shed at present. It used to have a steam loco shed earlier. It has a trip loco shed at its outer section, has its electric loco shed at Gomoh and its diesel loco shed at Patratu. Being the largest station in the area it finds a very heavy patronage and a huge number of passengers use this station every day. A lot of people from adjoining districts like Bokaro, Koderma, Giridih come to Dhanbad early morning to catch the 'morning trains' to various destinations like Kolkata, Durgapur, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Patna, Burdwan and Gaya. Dhanbad also became the 1st station in the country to have an AC double-decker express running till Howrah Junction.


Dhanbad is the second profitable division after Mumbai to Indian Railway in terms of revenue generation Dhanbad Junction's location on the Delhi Kolkata Grand chord route, makes it served by numerous express and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also run from Dhanbad to neighbouring destinations at regular intervals.

See also


  1. ^ "Dhanbad Junction". Wikimapia. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  2. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ E.R., Gee. "History of Coal Mining in India". pages 314-315. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Chapter VII - Communications" (PDF). Dhanbad district administration. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Railways to set up body to develop stations". The Times of India. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  6. ^ "History of Electrification". information published by CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  7. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective Of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Official website of the Indian Railways. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Dhanbad Railway Station to provide a host of amenities shortly | RailNews". Retrieved 30 June 2014.

External links

Dhanbad travel guide from Wikivoyage