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Devakottai

Devakottai
Town
Devakottai is located in Tamil Nadu
Devakottai
Devakottai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°56′31″N 78°49′36″E / 9.94194°N 78.82667°E / 9.94194; 78.82667
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Sivaganga
Government
 • Type First Grade Municipality
 • Body Devakottai Municipality
Area
 • Total 12.42 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 76,037
 • Density 6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30
PIN 630302
Telephone code 914561
Nearest city Karaikudi
Sex ratio 19910:20587 /
Literacy 80%
Lok Sabha constituency Sivaganga
Vidhan Sabha constituency karaikudi
Website municipality.tn.gov.in

Devakottai is a first-grade municipality in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located in the Sivaganga district, the town is situated close to the city of Karaikudi, near Rameswaram National Highway Road (NH-210). It is one of the major cities comes under the Chettinad area with rich heritage of houses built with limestone called "Karai Veedu".It is the Second largest city in the district after Karaikudi.This Region is one of the villages in Chettinad belt. The town is famous for its ancient temple Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple also known as Nagara Sivan Kovil.[1]

As of 2011, the town had a population of 76,037.[2]

History

The name "Devakottai" is derived from the Tamil word "Devi Kottai", meaning the fort of a Goddess.

Devakottai was an active town in the Indian Independence Movement. The municipal court of Devakottai was burned to the ground during the Quit India Movement. This leads to the town becoming one of the historical landmarks of Tamil Nadu with typical building structures and monuments.

Devakottai is now under the Karaikudi constituency following the reformation of constituencies. However, for parliamentary elections, it comes under the Sivaganga constituency.

Demographics

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
82.85%
Muslim
9.92%
Christian
7.0%
Sikh
0.02%
Jain
0.01%
Other
0.2%

According to the 2011 census, Devakottai had a population of 51,865 with a sex-ratio of 982 females for every 1,000 males, far greater than the national average of 929.[3] A total of 5,209 people were under the age of six, constituting 2,676 males and 2,533 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 8.5% and .16% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 80.95%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] In total, the town had 13192 households. In particular, there were a total of 18,696 workers, comprising 865 cultivators, 415 main agricultural laborers, 219 in house hold industries, 14,056 other workers, 3,141 marginal workers, 53 marginal cultivators, 1,011 marginal agricultural laborers, 58 marginal workers in household industries and 2,019 other marginal workers.[4] As per the religious census of 2011, Devakottai had 82.85% Hindus, 9.92% Muslims, 7.% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.01% Jains and 0.2% following other religions.[5]

Transport

Devakottai is situated on Tiruchirappalli-Rameswaram National Highway Road (NH-210). The nearest airport is in Madurai, about 92 km away. The nearest major railway station is Devakottai Road Railway Station [6]. There are frequent bus services available in Devakottai. Regular bus services are available to all important cities of Tamil Nadu.

Culture

The town is famous for its ancient temple, Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple also known as Nagara Sivan Kovil. This temple is associated with Sekkizhar, one of the famous Nayanars, who wrote Periapuranam, an epic eulogizing Lord shiva, hence the temple is also known as Sekkizhar temple. The temple is a big complex housed next to a vast sacred pond. Lord Sundareswarar and his consort Meenakshi are housed in separate shrines with separate rajagopurams.

The town is known for its rich culture where the community of Nagarathars play a big role.The Kandar Sasti Vizha, a festival for the rich culture of Devakottai, has been conducted by Kandar Sasti Vizha Kazhagam for the past 68 years (as of the year 2013) at the Nagara Sivan Kovil, at Devakottai.

Dr Pushpavanam Kuppusamy has composed a Few lines on Devakottai which was sung during the 2011 Kandar Sasti Vizha. [7]

Notable people

  • Charles Borromeo, a track and field athlete won a gold medal at the 1982 Asian Games in Delhi with a record time of 1:46:81 seconds. He was awarded the Arjuna Award in 1982 and the Padma Shri in 1984 by the Government of India.
  • A. R. Lakshmanan, the first Supreme Court Judge from Devakottai, particularly from Nagarathar Community. He was also Chief Justice of the High Court of Kerala, High Court of Andhra Pradesh. He was the president of the National Law Commission. Currently, he is the member representing Tamil Nadu in Mullaperiyar Dam Commission headed by Justice A. Anand.
  • M. Karpaga Vinayagam is a Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal for Electricity (APTEL), Government of India. He was a hon'ble chief justice of Jharkhand High Court and was a judge in the Madras High Court.
  • Sri.Rama.Dhinamani Chettiar, a notable freedom fighter who fought against British quit India movement and subsequently convicted for several years.
  • A. V. Meiyappan Chettiyar's AVM studio was first founded in Devakottai later it was moved to Chennai.
  • Hari Sevugan, the national press secretary for the Democratic National Committee.

References

  1. ^ [temple.dinamalar.com]
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011 Tamil Nadu" (PDF). 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Devakottai". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  6. ^ "DEVAKOTTAI ROAD Railway Station, DKO Railway Station Code, at Devakottai Rasthaa, Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu - 630301 Train Time Table, Map, Enquiry". www.ndtv.com. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  7. ^ [www.youtube.com]

External links