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December 1910 United Kingdom general election

December 1910 United Kingdom general election

← Jan 1910 3–19 December 1910 (1910-12-03 – 1910-12-19) 1918 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  The mirrors of Downing street; some political reflections (1921) (14595514940).jpg Coming men on coming questions (1905) (14595689047) (cropped).jpg Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour John Redmond
Party Liberal Conservative & Lib. Unionist Irish Parliamentary
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902 6 February 1900
Leader's seat East Fife City of London Waterford City
Last election 274 seats, 43.5% 272 seats, 46.8% 71 seats, 1.2%
Seats won 272 271 74
Seat change Decrease2 Decrease1 Increase3
Popular vote 2,157,256 2,270,753 90,416
Percentage 44.2% 46.6% 1.9%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease0.3% Increase0.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Geo. N. Barnes LCCN2014708351.tif William O'Brien 1917.jpg
Leader George Barnes William O'Brien
Party Labour All-for-Ireland
Leader since 14 February 1910 23 March 1909
Leader's seat Glasgow Blackfriars & Hutchesontown Cork City
Last election 40 seats, 7.0% 8 seats, 0.4%
Seats won 42 8
Seat change Increase2 Steady
Popular vote 309,963 30,322
Percentage 6.4% 0.6%
Swing Decrease0.6% Increase0.2%

United Kingdom general election 1910 December.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Appointed Prime Minister

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The December 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last general election to be held over several days[1] and the last to be held prior to the First World War (1914–18).

The political context was the effort of the new Liberal government to pass its budget, with higher taxes on the wealthy. It was blocked by the House of Lords. The Government called an election to get a mandate for the Parliament Act 1911, which would prevent the House of Lords from permanently blocking legislation.[2] After the Liberals, together with the Irish Nationalists and Labour, retained their Commons majority, the House of Lords gave way and the budget was passed.

The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Nationalists. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom national election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats until the 2014 European Parliament elections.

Results

England and Wales seat winners
272 271 74 42 8 3
Liberal Conservative IPP Lab AFI O
UK General Election December 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Arthur Balfour 548 271 −1 40.4 46.6 2,270,753 −0.3
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 467 272 −2 40.6 44.2 2,157,256 +0.7
  Labour George Barnes 56 42 5 3 +2 6.3 6.4 309,963 −0.6
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 81 74 5 2 +3 11.0 1.9 90,416 +0.7
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 21 8 2 2 0 1.2 0.6 30,322 +0.2
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 5,733 −0.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.1 4,647
  Independent Labour N/A 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,492
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 0 0 1 −1 0.0 1,946
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 913
  Independent Nationalist N/A 4 2 0 1 −1 0.3 0.0 911
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 57

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.57%
Liberal
44.23%
Labour
6.36%
Irish Parliamentary
1.85%
Independent
0.23%
Others
0.78%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.6%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.5%
Labour
6.3%
Irish Parliamentary
11.0%
All-for-Ireland
1.2%
Independent
0.5%

See also

References

  1. ^ "General Election Dates 1832–2005" (PDF), parliament.uk
  2. ^ Somervell, D. C. (1936), The Reign of King George V
  3. ^ All parties shown.

Further reading

External links

Manifestos