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David Murray (educator)

David Murray
David Murray (educator).jpg
Born(1830-10-15)October 15, 1830
DiedMarch 6, 1905(1905-03-06) (aged 74)

David Murray (ダビッド・モルレー, Dabiddo Morurē, October 15, 1830 – March 6, 1905)[1] was an American educator and government adviser in Meiji period Japan.[2]

Early life

Murray graduated from Union College in 1852.[3]


In 1857-1863, Murray was as principal of The Albany Academy in New York. From 1863 to 1873, he was a professor of mathematics, natural philosophy and astronomy at Rutgers College in New Jersey.[3] Together with George Cook, Murray developed a full science curriculum at Rutgers, and successfully lobbied for Rutgers to be named the state's land grant college. Their 1864-67 surveys established the marine boundary between New York and New Jersey, and their 1872 survey fixed the land boundary between New York and New Jersey. Murray was also responsible for the building of Rutgers' first astronomical observatory, the Daniel S. Schanck Observatory. In 1873, Murray departed Rutgers to become the educational advisor for the Japanese government. After his return, Murray served on the Rutgers College board of trustees from 1892 until his death in 1905.

In Japan, he was Superintendent of Educational Affairs in the Imperial Ministry of Education from 1873 through 1879.[3]

Selected works

In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about David Murray, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses roughly 40+ works in 100+ publications in 2 languages and 1,000+ library holdings.[4]

  • Petroleum its History and Properties. 1862.
  • Manual of Land Surveying : with Tables. 1872.
  • Japanese Education, Introductory chapter. 1876.
  • The Story of Japan. Story of the Nations. NY: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1894.[5]
  • The Development of Modern Education in Japan (1904)
  • Japan. Continuing the History to the Close of 1905, with the Provisions of the Treaty of Portsmouth Between Russia and Japan (1906)


  1. ^ Library of Congress authority file, David Murray, n85-142738
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Murray, David" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 669, p. 669, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  3. ^ a b c Chamberlain, William Isaac. (1915). In Memoriam, David Murray, p. 15.
  4. ^ WorldCat Identities Archived December 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine: Murray, David 1830-1905
  5. ^ "Review: Stories of the Nations.—Japan". The Athenaeum (3465): 368–369. 24 March 1894.


Further reading

External links