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David Hurley


David Hurley

David Hurley official photo.jpg
27th Governor-General of Australia
Assumed office
1 July 2019
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded bySir Peter Cosgrove
38th Governor of New South Wales
In office
2 October 2014 – 1 May 2019
MonarchElizabeth II
PremierMike Baird
Gladys Berejiklian
LieutenantTom Bathurst
Preceded byDame Marie Bashir
Succeeded byMargaret Beazley
Personal details
Born (1953-08-26) 26 August 1953 (age 65)
Wollongong, New South Wales
NationalityAustralian
Spouse(s)
Linda McMartin (m. 1977)
Children3
Military service
AllegianceAustralia
Branch/serviceAustralian Army
Years of service1972–2014
RankGeneral
CommandsChief of the Defence Force (2011–2014)
Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2008–2011)
Chief of Joint Operations (2007–2008)
Chief of Capability Development Group (2003–2007)
Land Commander Australia (2002–2003)
1st Brigade (1999–2000)
1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1991–1993)
Battles/warsOperation Solace
AwardsCompanion of the Order of Australia
Distinguished Service Cross
Knight of the Order of Saint John

General David John Hurley, AC, DSC, FTSE (born 26 August 1953) is a former senior officer in the Australian Army and the 27th Governor-General of Australia, in office since 1 July 2019. He was previously the 38th Governor of New South Wales, serving from 2014 to 2019.

In a 42-year military career, Hurley deployed on Operation Solace in Somalia in 1993, commanded the 1st Brigade (1999–2000), was the inaugural Chief of Capability Development Group (2003–2007) and Chief of Joint Operations (2007–2008), and served as Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2008–2011). His career culminated with his appointment as Chief of the Defence Force on 4 July 2011, in succession to Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston.[1] Hurley retired from the army in June 2014, and succeeded Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales on 2 October 2014.

Early life and education

Hurley, with his wife Linda

David John Hurley was born on 26 August 1953 in Wollongong, New South Wales, to Norma and James Hurley.[2] His father was an Illawarra steelworker and his mother worked in a grocery store. Hurley grew up in Port Kembla and attended Port Kembla High School, where he completed his Higher School Certificate in 1971. He subsequently graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon with a Bachelor of Arts and Graduate Diploma in Defence Studies.[3]

Hurley is married to Linda (née McMartin), and has three children.[4]

Military career

Hurley entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon, as an officer cadet in January 1972.[5] On graduating from Duntroon in December 1975, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Australian Infantry Corps. His initial posting was to the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR). Promoted to captain, he was appointed adjutant of the Sydney University Regiment before becoming regimental adjutant of the Royal Australian Regiment. He went on exchange to the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards, a British Army unit, before serving with 5th/7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.[4]

Promoted to lieutenant colonel, Hurley was posted as the Senior Career Adviser (Armour, Artillery, Engineers and Infantry) in the Office of the Military Secretary in 1990, appointed SO1 (Operations) Headquarters 2nd Division in early 1991, and in November 1991 assumed command of 1RAR, which he led during Operation Solace in Somalia in 1993. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his service during this deployment.[6] In 1994 he became SO1 (Operations), Headquarters 1st Division.[7]

Following promotion to colonel, Hurley was appointed Chief of Staff, Headquarters 1st Division in June 1994, attended the United States Army War College from 1996 to 1997, became Military Secretary to Chief of Army, and was posted to Australian Defence Headquarters as Director of Preparedness and Mobilisation in December 1997.[8] As a brigadier, he assumed command of the 1st Brigade in Darwin in January 1999. During this period he oversaw the brigade's transition to a higher degree of operational readiness and its support to Australian–led operations in East Timor. He went on to be Director General Land Development within Capability Systems in January 2001.[7]

Hurley was promoted to major general in 2001 and served as Head Capability Systems Division from July 2001, and as Land Commander Australia from December 2002.[7] Promoted to lieutenant general, he assumed the new appointment of Chief of Capability Development Group in December 2003, went on to take the newly separated appointment of Chief of Joint Operations in September 2007, and became Vice Chief of the Defence Force in July 2008.[9]

Hurley was promoted to general and succeeded Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston as Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) on 4 July 2011.[1] In January 2012 Hurley completed 40 years service to the Australian Defence Force,[5] and on 20 January while in Paris, he was presented with the insignia for Officer of the Legion of Honour by the French CDF.[10] In February, he was presented with a fifth clasp to the Defence Force Service Medal in recognition of his 40 years of service.[5] Hurley retired from the Australian Army on 30 June 2014, and was succeeded as CDF by Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin.[11]

Lieutenant General David Morrison, the 2016 Australian of the Year, credited Hurley with the phrase "the standard you walk past is the standard you accept" in his anti-misogyny speech, which became "one of the most quoted phrases" of Morrison's speech.[12]

Vice-regal appointments

Hurley at his swearing-in ceremony as the 27th Governor-General of Australia

On 5 June 2014, New South Wales Premier Mike Baird announced that Hurley would replace Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales: he was sworn in on 2 October 2014 after Bashir's term as governor had expired.[13] On 17 March 2015, he was invested as a Knight of the Order of St John (a British honour) by the Lord Prior of the Order, Neil Conn, at a ceremony at Government House, Sydney.[14]

On 16 December 2018, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced that Hurley would become the next Governor-General of Australia commencing on 1 July 2019.[15][16][17] Margaret Beazley was designated as his replacement as Governor of New South Wales.[18] Hurley was sworn in as the 27th Governor-General at Parliament House, Canberra, on 1 July 2019. His first words were spoken in the language of the local Aboriginal people.[19]

Hurley is an Honorary Patron of the ACT Veterans Rugby Club and Patron of Transport Heritage NSW.[20][21]

Titles, styles and honours

Titles

Hurley's style and title in full from 1 July 2019 is: His Excellency General The Honourable David John Hurley, Principal Companion and Chancellor of the Order of Australia, Distinguished Service Cross, Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Honours and awards

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png DSC (Australia) ribbon.png

Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Service Medal ribbon.png DFSM with Fed Star.png

Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Order of Military Service (BAT).gif

Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya.jpg Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Order of the Crown of Thailand - Medal (Thailand) ribbon.svg Decoration of Merit.jpg

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) 26 January 2010[22]
Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) 26 January 2004[23]
DSC (Australia) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) 26 November 1993[6]
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Knight of Justice of the Order of St John 30 July 2019[14]
Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal with SOMALIA clasp[24]
Australian Service Medal ribbon.png Australian Service Medal [24]
DFSM with Fed Star.png Defence Force Service Medal with the Federation Star 40–44 years service[5]
Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Australian Defence Medal [24]
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Officer of the Legion of Honour (France) 20 January 2012[10][25]
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States) 10 May 2012[26]
Order of Military Service (BAT).gif Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Military Service (Malaysia) 2012[27]
Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya.jpg Defence Meritorious Service Star – 1st Class[28] (Indonesia) 19 November 2012[25][29][30]
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Order (Singapore) 13 February 2013[25][31]
Order of the Crown of Thailand - Medal (Thailand) ribbon.svg Gold Medal of the Order of the Crown of Thailand (Thailand) June 2014[25]
Decoration of Merit.jpg Gold Decoration of Merit (Netherlands) June 2014[25]
Badges

Honorary degrees

Honorary appointments

References

  1. ^ a b Massola, James (1 June 2011). "David Hurley is made new defence force chief as part of sweeping renewal of top brass". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  2. ^ "The Governor-General's biography". Office of the Governor-General. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  3. ^ "General David Hurley". Lowy Institute. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  4. ^ a b "General David Hurley, AC, DSC". Biography. Department of Defence, Australian Government. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Army News, February 2012, www.defence.gov.au
  6. ^ a b It's an Honour – Distinguished Service Cross (Australian) – 26 November 1993
  7. ^ a b c Defence Keynote Address to SimTecT2006 Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, LTGEN General David Hurley, 29 May 2006, Melbourne Convention Centre, www.siaa.asn.au
  8. ^ List of Witnesses at Public Hearings, Parliament House Canberra, 16 April 1998, www.aph.gov.au
  9. ^ Hackett Centenary Lectures, King's College London, 12 November 2010, www.kcl.ac.uk
  10. ^ a b "French Embassy in Australia – Officer of the Legion of Honour – 20 January 2012".
  11. ^ "Chief of Defence Force change of command". Defence Media Release. Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  12. ^ Aubusson, Kate (2 February 2016). "David Morrison defends Australian of the Year honour on Q&A". The Age. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  13. ^ "General Hurley named as NSW Governor". Sky News. 5 June 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Governor's Program – 17 March 2015". Governor of New South Wales. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Scott Morrison picks former general David Hurley to be Australia's next governor-general". Sydney Morning Herald. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Australia's New Governor-General". Prime Minister of Australia. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  17. ^ Karp, Paul; Cox, Lisa (16 December 2018). "David Hurley named next governor general of Australia as Labor blasts timing". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  18. ^ Berejiklian, Gladys (13 January 2019). "Appointment of The Honourable Justice Margaret Beazley QC AO as Governor" (Press release). Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  19. ^ Remeikis, Amy (1 July 2019). "General David Hurley sworn in as Australia's 27th governor general – politics live". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  20. ^ "Patronage Listing". Governor of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  21. ^ "ACT Veterans Rugby". Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.
  22. ^ It's an Honour – Companion of the Order of Australia – 26 January 2010
    Citation: For eminent service to the Australian Defence Force as Chief of Capability Development Group, Chief of Joint Operations and Vice Chief of the Defence Force.
  23. ^ It's an Honour – Officer of the Order of Australia – 26 January 2004
    Citation: For distinguished service, leadership and management to the Australian Defence Force in senior command and staff appointments.
  24. ^ a b c Official High Resolution Photo, July 2011, www.defence.gov.au
  25. ^ a b c d e Raymond Griggs (24 June 2014). "David Hurley last night promoted VADM Tim Barrett who will next week succeed me as CN Australia". Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  26. ^ "General David Hurley AC DSC". University of Wollongong. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  27. ^ ABC News, General Hurley 'pleased' accusations against General Campbell were withdrawn retrieved 16 December 2018
  28. ^ Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama is also translated as "The Grand Meritorious Military Order – 1st Class" – Chief of Defence Force receives Indonesia's highest military award, AsiaOne, 2 May 2012
  29. ^ Defence News – Defence Meritorious Service Star – 19 November 2012
  30. ^ The ribbon displayed is for Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya (Defence Meritorious Service Star – 3rd Class). The ribbon for the Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama (Defence Meritorious Service Star – 1st Class) is the same, but with the addition of two central narrow red stripes. Bintang Yudha Dharma, Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia Official Website, www.setneg.go.id
  31. ^ Top military award conferred on Australian Chief of the Defence Force – Top military award conferred on Australian Chief of the Defence Force, Australian High Commission, Singapore, 13 February 2013
  32. ^ "Honorary Doctorate Recipients – General David Hurley AC DSC". University of Wollongong. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  33. ^ Offner, Steve (11 December 2015). "Houston, Hurley receive honorary doctorates". University of New South Wales. UNSW Newsroom. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  34. ^ "AUTUMN GRADUATION SEASON COMMENCES WITH HONORARY DOCTORATE AWARDED". Newsroom. Macquarie University. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Vice-regal Program – Tuesday, 30 January 2018". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  36. ^ a b "Patronage Listing". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  37. ^ "Vice-regal Program – Thursday, 2 March 2017". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  38. ^ "Understanding the Most Venerable Order of St John" (PDF). Governor of New South Wales. Governor of New South Wales. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  39. ^ "Understanding the Most Venerable Order of St John" (PDF). St John South Australia. St John South Australia. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Review the Attestation Parade for Class 323". Saint John South Australia. Saint John South Australia. 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  41. ^ "25 NEW ATSE FELLOWS INCLUDE SEVEN WOMEN". ATSE. Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2018.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Peter Abigail
Land Commander Australia
2002–2003
Succeeded by
Major General Ken Gillespie
New title Chief Capability Development Group
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Vice Admiral Matt Tripovich
New title
Separated from the roles of VCDF
Chief of Joint Operations
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Lieutenant General Mark Evans
Preceded by
Lieutenant General Ken Gillespie
Vice Chief of the Defence Force
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Air Marshal Mark Binskin
Preceded by
Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston
Chief of the Defence Force
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin
Government offices
Preceded by
Dame Marie Bashir
Governor of New South Wales
2014–2019
Succeeded by
Margaret Beazley
Preceded by
Sir Peter Cosgrove
Governor-General of Australia
2019–present
Incumbent