Statue of Saraswati at Fine Arts college, Davanagere.
|• Type||City Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Davangere Mahanagara Palike|
|• Mayor||H B Goneppa|
|• MLA (North Davangere)||S S Mallikarjun|
|• MLA (South Davangere)||Shamanur Shivashankarappa|
|• District Collector||Shri. Anjan Kumar, IAS|
|• Total||77 km2 (30 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 8192|
Davangere (Kannada:ದಾವಣಗೆರೆ), also spelled Davanagere, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka, lying at the western part of South India. Positioned at the geographical centre of the state of Karnataka, it is the administrative headquarters of eponymous Davangere District. Hitherto being a cotton hub and hence popularly known before as Manchester of Karnataka, the commercial ventures of the city is now dominated by education and agro-processing industries. Davangere lies along on the National Highway 4, a part of the Golden Quadrilateral, at a distance of about 264 kilometres (164 mi) from the state capital, Bangalore. Davangere became a separate district in 1997, when it was separated from the erstwhile undivided district of Chitradurga for administration conveniences. Davangere is known for rich culinary traditions which encompass the diversity of entire Karnataka's dishes due to its geographical position in the state as it's epicenter. Notable among them is its aromatic benne dose that is associated with the name of the city. Home to a population of about half a million, it is the sixth-largest city in the state of Karnataka.
It is believed that the Chalukyas were used to halt at this place to rest after a long horse-ride. A lake ("kere" in Kannada language) was excavated for them to quench their thirst. The place thus came to be known as "Devan giri" (an abbreviation of 'danivina kere' for lake for the exhausted and the thirsty) and eventually "Davangere". However no lake exists as of today, and no concrete historical and literary evidences exist to prove this theory apart from unconfirmed verbal folklores.
Another popular theory that revolves around, is the name of the city being derived from its previous name of Devanagari, meaning the city of divines.
The civic administration of the city was managed by the Davangere City Corporation (Davanagere Mahanagara Palike), before it was established as a municipality on 7 August 1951. It now has the status of a City Municipal Corporation, and gained this on 6 January 2007. It is headed by a mayor, assisted by commissioners and council members. The city is divided into 41 wards, and the council members (corporators) are elected by the people of the city.
Davanagere has been a pioneer in municipal administration with the city attaining the status of a municipality as early as 1870. The Imperial Gazatteer of India (1911) says that the receipts and expenditure of the municipality, during the ten years ending 1901, averaged Rs 14,200 and Rs 12,600 respectively.
Davanagere was originally an obscure village, forming one of the suburbs of Bethur. Sultan Hyder Ali gave it as jagir to a Maratha chief named Apoji Ram, who encouraged merchants to settle there. While Apoji Ram died without heirs, the place continued to grow, favored by Tipu Sultan.
Till the 1980s, Davangere used to be popularly referred as the Manchester of Karnataka due to its numerous cotton mills, many of which were of national and international repute. Availability of cotton led to the establishment of many cotton mills from prominent business families of the city. This fame was lost in time as cotton mills were shut down gradually. The city however continues to be a major trading center of agricultural commodities.
Nowadays Davangere is also being recognised for educational institutions apart from its flourishing trade and commerce, which have historical legacy. The city now hosts two medical, two dental and four engineering colleges.
Davangere is the "Heart of Karnataka". Davangere is surrounded from Chithradurga, Bellary, Shimoga, Chikmagalur and Haveri districts. Davangere is at the center of Karnataka, 14°28' N latitude, 75°59' longitude and 602.5 metres (1,977 ft) above sea level. Davanagere District receives average annual rainfall of 644 mm (25.4 in).
Davanagere lies in the Maidan region on the Deccan Plateau. The district is bounded by Shimoga District (Malenadu) Area of Hills, Haveri District, Chitradurga District, Chikmagalur and Bellary Districts.
The southern and western parts of the district are irrigated by the waters of the Bhadra reservoir. Davangere city thus nestles in the midst of the lush green paddy fields giving it a charming green appearance from around the city.
As of the 2011 census, Davangere city had a population of 435,125. Males constitute 52% of the population, and females 48%. Davangere has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 89% and, female literacy is 81%. In Davangere, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Davangere is a mixed community centre. The majority are Lingayats with different sub-castes within the community. The mixed culture had previously developed very good tolerance for each other's religious practices.
Davanagere is located along the Bangalore-Pune national highway NH4, which is part of the Golden Quadrilateral highway network. Geographically, the city is divided into Old Davanagere and New Davanagere. Old Davanagere comprises most of the commercial and market areas, such as Mandipet, Hasabavi Circle, Chowkipet, Kaipet, Islampet, Belludi galli, B.T.galli, Swagerpet, Chamrajpet, K.R. Market, Kalikadevi road; and residential areas like Bethur, Azad nagar, Ahmed nagar,B Kalapanahalli, Budihal, Devarahatti, Avaragolla, yaragunte, Kaddlebalu, Gandhinagar, Anekonda, Basavapura, Shivajinagar, Devaraj Urs Layout, SM Krishna Nagar, S S Layout, Karur,Kondajji, etc.
New Davanagere comprises residential extensions, including:Nittuvalli, KTJ Nagar, KB Extn,Srinivasa Nagar, PJ Extension, MCC A Block, MCC B Block, Anjaneya Extension, Swamy Vivekananda Extension, Shamanur,Naganur, Shiramgondanahalli, Nijalingappa Layout, SS layout A Block, SS Layout B Block, Vinobha Nagar,Bati, Kundawada, Tungabadra layout, Vidyanagar, Taralabalu Badavane, Sanjeevini Nagar, Vinayaka Nagar, Sarswathi Nagar, Shivakumara Swamy Nagar, 1st stage and 2nd stage, Ranganath Badavane,Jaya Nagar A Block, Jaya Nagar B Block, DCM Layout, Ragavendra Nagar, Shakthi Nagar, LIC colony, Avargere, Vinayaka extension, Banshankri, Belavanur, Naganur, Tolahunase, Sri Ram Nagar, S O G Colony, Bhoomika Nagar, Siddaveerappa Layout, etc. The national highway 4 and the railway track exactly cut the city into two halves.
Durgambika Temple It is said that around 200 years ago, a stone was brought from Dugatti Village and installed in this temple and worshipped as Durga Devi. In 1932, this shrine was converted into the beautiful Durgambika Temple. The presiding deity is Durgambika, also known variously as Durgamma.
Lingeswara Temple Lingeswara temple is located close to Gandhi Circle Near Railway Track . Built by Kirwadi Family in the 1950s. The presiding deity in this temple are Lord Shiva & Naga Devata . Maha Shivratri (the 'Great Night of Shiva') is a Hindu festival celebrated every year in reverence of Lord Shiva. It is the day Shiva was married to Parvati. The Maha Shivratri festival, also popularly known as 'Shivratri' or 'Great Night of Lord Shiva', is observed on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha every year on the month of Falgun according to the Hindu calendar. The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael or golden apple orBilva/Vilvam leaves to Lord Shiva, all-day fasting and an all-night-long vigil (jagarana). All through the day, devotees chant "Om Namah Shivaya", a sacred Panchakshara mantra dedicated to Lord Shiva. In accordance with scriptural and discipleship traditions,
Sri Ram Mandir & Navagraha Temple. Ram Mandir is located close to Gandhi Circleon PB Road. Built by Sh. Rajanahalli Family in the 1960s The presiding deity in this temple are Lord Ram, Sita, Lakshman & Hanumanji, Specialty of this Navagraha Temple devoted to Navagrahas along with Their wives- the nine (nava) major celestial bodies (Grahas) of Hindu astronomy. These celestial bodies are Surya (Sun), Chandra (Moon), Mangal (Mars), Budhan (Mercury), Guru/Brihaspati(Jupiter), Shukra (Venus), Shani (Saturn), Rahu (North Lunar Node) and Ketu (South Lunar Node). Navagrahas is considered to have a major role in influencing the fortunes of any individual. In order to mitigate the negative effects of a planet which is debilated in the birth chart or to provide more potency to a planet that is in an exalted state,
Subramanya Temple Subramanya temple is located close to NH4 highway on lokikere road. The presiding deity in this temple is Subramanya, also known as Lord Muruga(Tamil). Aadi Krithigai is a day auspicious for Lord Muruga. This year it falls on Aug 10, Subramanya or Muruga is the second son of Lord Shiva and Mother Parvathi. Extolled as the epitome of beauty, valour and "Jnana" [Supreme Knowledge], Muruga is worshipped in several ways, through various rituals. Here, special poojas and yagams are conducted for Lord Subramanya on Aadi Kirthigai day.
Kunduvada kere (Mallikarjuna Sagara Parivartita Kunduwada Kere) in Davangere, is a picturesque lake. It is one of the sources of drinking water for the city. It is restored from its ruins. During the last decade, when Davangere was suffering from water shortage, the local MLA Mallikarjuna worked to restore Kunduvada kere and made it as a water reservoir for the city. New garden and walking paths have been built around the lake, and it is quite pleasant to take evening walks along the lakeshore. Another one is a lake at the TV station, that has a good view of sunsets and is a popular picnic spot.
Bathi Gudda is situated 4 km (2.5 mi) from Davangere city towards Harihara. From the top of this hill, the city looks scenic. On this hill, there is a Temple and Dargah where believers go for prayers and mercies. Chaman Sha Wali Dargah of Baathi is a famous place to visit for all communities. Every year there are festivities conducted jointly by all the community leaders. Near this hill, the Bhadra sugar factory and Bathi lake are situated. Visitors can even visit the Davangere Dairy located in Bathi, which supplies milk to Davanagere and Chitradurga District.
Kondajji is situated around 12 km (7 mi) from Davangere city. It is a major scout and guides camp for south India which is named in commemoration of former Union minister and Scouts veteran, Kondajji Basappa. In Kondajji there are 3 hills and a lake, and a boating facility on the lake is available.
Santhebennur: a village situated from Davangere at 40 km, is famous for a pond called "Pushkarani,"(bath pond) locally called "Honda." Apart from the structure in the center, four more can be seen on the surrounding steps, and there are two more - one each on the left & right. The Pushkarani itself is in front of a gallery kind of structure, open towards the Pushkarani, and without any rooms. These structures are built with a mixture of stone, bricks & mortar.
Uchangidurga is located 30 km (19 mi) from Davangere, on the Annaji route. It is a historic place and has an old fort. Adjacent to Uchangidurga, there is village called Karadidurga (Land of Bear). It is believed that the Sri Hanuman Temple in the village was worshipped by the bears in the fort.
Shanthi Sagara near Davangere, is a major water supply source and also the second-largest pond in Asia. This place is also known by the name "Soolekere" among locals. It was built by namesake Princess Shanthi during the 12th century. Now it is a source for both drinking water and agriculture. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Siddeshwara near the lake. An aqueduct designed by Sir M Vishweshwariah is also a major tourist attraction. The government is taking steps to improve tourist attractions in the area.
Anekonda: The Eshwara temple at Anekonda is a little one in the Hoysala style. It was restored about 1912 with mud walls and plastered. Originally it had three cells, though there are only 2 at present, the south cell being no longer in existence and a navaranga. The garbhgriha doorway is well-executed and has figure of Gajalakshmi in the middle of the lintel. The sukhanasi door-way, which is also good, has ornamental screens at the sides and a figure of Siva on the lintel, flanked on the left by Vishnu and Subramanya, and on the right by Brahma and Ganapati, with makaras beyond these on both the sides.
Punyasthala: is a village situvated from Davanagere at 38 km, it is famous for temples, it called chathurtha manthralaya, and has minimum 25 temples situvated in one place like venkateswara,aadi subramanya, raghavendra swami, narasimha swami, Ganesh, Nava graha, Rama, Krishna, kannika parameswari.
Kannada is the major language spoken.The Kannada particular to Davangere has mild regional influences.Hindi and Urdu languages are spoken by certain sections of the people. English owing to the presence of a sizable student population, hailing from across India and overseas.
Davangere is well-connected by road to Mumbai, Pune, Goa, Bangalore, Mangalore and Chennai through National Highway 4 (India) (previously Pune-Bangalore Highway and now Mumbai-Pune-Bengaluru-Chennai Highway).
Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, KSRTC has a divisional office situated in Davanagere City. The city is well-connected to Bangalore and other cities in the state by KSRTC buses. It has Volvo and multi-axle Volvo bus connectivity to Bangalore & Chennai. But, in spite of Davanagere having a Divisional KSRTC office, there are no Volvo buses originating from Davanagere City. Thus, if someone wishes to travel outside Karnataka state by Volvo buses, their only option is private buses. KSRTC does not give booking and service of Volvo buses from Davanagere to Mumbai, Pune, Kolhapur, Goa, Hyderabad, Tirupati, Shirdi, etc.
Railways also play a major role in connectivity. The city's railway station comes under South Western Railway Zone (India) and was constructed during the British period and has been renovated recently. The station code is DVG. The railway station is located in front of Davanagere Municipal Corporation and is located very close to the old (private) bus stand. Davanagere railway station has been upgraded, and the public is provided with high-class facilities. A new proposal to lay a rail track between Davangere to Tumkur would further reduce the travel time from Bangalore to Davangere. This would further connect to Shimoga, Kottur, etc. along with the Harihara-Kotturu Rail Line which is awaiting for inauguration.
Earlier, the city's public transportation was provided only by private bus services. Recently, KSRTC has started bus service. They run through the main and arterial roads of the city. Auto-rickshaws are also available for transportation.
The nearest airport to Davanagere is Hubli Airport (IATA:HBX), which is 143 kilometres (89 mi) from the city.
There has been a proposal for a new airport in Davangere, and the place has been seen near Tolahunase on the outskirts of Davangere.
Davangere has mixed blend of South and North Karnataka food patterns. Jowar Roti which is common in Karnataka and Ragi mudde Chapathi, Rice, Akki Rotti, which is common in South Karnataka are seen in Davangere.
Davangere is also famous for its special cuisine, particularly Benne dosa, Benne kali dosa, Benne Open dosa, Benne masala dosa, Set dosa and Open dosa. Kara-mandakki (spiced puffed rice), Menasinakaayi, Nargis Mandakki Uppittu, Avalakki, Poori, Pulav, Rice Bath, etc. .
Wide hotels like Ravi benne dosa, Sagar benne dosa, Guru Kottureshwara benne dosa, Belludi Galli Kadappara Benne Dose, Shanthappa Benna Dose, near old bus stand Gururaja benne dosa(only Place where Benne Kali Dose served) offer this special dish of Davangere.
A unique sweet dish called “Guladiki unndi” is only made in Davangere.
Davangere benne dosa is a famous dish across the state, and it has found its own well-deserved place in the menu cards of all well-known restaurants in Karnataka. There are a few restaurants in Singapore and USA that serve this specialty of Davangere.
Also famous is the variety of juices available in the area, and some of the noted juice stalls are the Rasavanthi Juice Stall (Ram & Co Circle) Archana Juice Stall (Dental College Road) and Rasapriya Juice Centre (Medical Boys' Hostel) and . One of the old shops for "Kara Mandakki" is the Hotte Nanjappa shop at Vijayalakshmi Road, near B S Channabasappa & Sons Shop. Gundi circle is one of the famous spots where people can get many road-side cuisines, like south Indian, North Indian, Chinese and so on. Snow Land Ice Cream Parlor is a popular hangout located in front of JJM Medical College. People call Davangere as "Heaven city" because of the variety of food available in this city. Every food of Karnataka also India is available in Davangere as it situated in center of karnataka state.
Davangere is an educational centre. It is known for its higher educational institutes.In Davangere there are 2 Government First Grade Colleges. One is Government College for Women and another is Government First Grade College and P.G. Centre. In Davangere there are four major engineering colleges, two dental colleges, two medical colleges, one Ayurvedic medical college,ARG Arts & Commerce College, Bapuji Pharmacy College (offering Pharm.D, B.Pharma, D.Pharma and M.Pharm), a number of management schools and colleges, a (fine art college) University College of Visual Arts, and a fashion design college. JJM Medical college in Davangere produces 245 MBBS graduates every year. Bapuji Educational Association in Davangere is a conglomerate of over 50 educational institutions across the city of Davangere. The institute was established in the year 1958 with the start of a first grade college in Davangere. Two medical colleges, 2 dental colleges, an engineering college Bapuji Institute of Engineering & Technology, and numerous other colleges are associated with the association. These colleges account for around 50 institutions. Dr. S. Kotrabasappa, Kasal Srinivasasetty, Maganur Basappa, Rajnahally Lakshman Shetty, Ajjampur Rangappa have been the significant personalities behind the growth of the organisation. Davangere also has other three engineering colleges, G M Institute of Technology, and University B.D.T College of Engineering. Recently in the academic year 2011-2012, a new engineering college has been started in Davangere called Jain Institute of Technology. It is situated near Avargere(Near to Bada cross). It also has the famous school Sri Taralabalu jagadguru Residential School.It also has the first and the only I.C.S.E school. Caddcentre Training services Vidyanagar Davangere training centre for Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Engineering (CAE), and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), courses for students and working professionals of Mechanical, Civil, Electrical & Electronics engineering, Architecture, and Project Management. disciplines.
Davangere is also famous for coaching centres which coach students for various engineering and medical entrance exams. Taralabalu IIT and Vaishnavi Chetana are two very famous ones. Students come far and wide to get coaching.
S.S Medical College is also a very renowned college in Karnataka which is located in davangere.
A new University has been established in 2008 at Davangere named as Davangere University. All degree colleges in Davangere district, and Chitradurga district come under Davangere University.
The Shivagangothri Campus is located at Tolahunase, 8 km from Davangere and houses the post graduate departments of Commerce, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Economics, Food Technology, Accounting & Finance, M.Ed., and MSW. The Institute of Management studies is also located at P.G. Centre. The campus of 73 acres (30 ha) has attractive buildings as well as hostels.
Commerce and Economy
Davangere town is a major trading center in Central Karnataka. It was well acclaimed as the "Manchester of Karnataka" for housing many cotton mills and cloth business establishments. Its geographical location at the center of the State and good rail and road connectivity provides ample scope for trading. The surrounding hinterlands provide support to the businesses at Davangere. Around half of the Davangere District is irrigated, thanks to the Bhadra Reservoir. Many rich cash and food Crops like Rice, arecanut, Maize and cotton are traded here. Currently the major agro-industrial activity around Davangere revolves around rice and sugarcane, with a number of sugar mills in and around this area. The Shamanur Sugar Mills, situated in the Dugavathi village near Davangere, is a major industry in Davangere. Many of the rice mills are established in the industrial area near the Bypass Road. There are many rice mills making puffed rice and beaten rice in and around this town. Davangere is famous for textile mills. Shankar Textile Mills, Chigateri Mills, Chandrodaya Mills Ltd, Yallamma Cotton Woollen and Silk Mills Ltd, all contributed to the economic development of the city. The cotton mills which are existing till date are: Anjaneya Cotton Mill, Ganesh Mill, and Siddeshwara Cotton Mill. Davangere was a major cotton textile exporter during the 1960s until the 1980s. But most of the mills were shut down during the 1990s. Davangere has a big garment and clothing shop, i.e. B.S. Channabasappa and Sons, Vastra (Texas)Kaipet circle. This is one of the biggest garment shop of Central karnataka with its branches spread all over the city.
Grasim Industries, a Aditya Birla group company, which is world's second largest manufacturer of Viscose Staple Fibers, has a large scale manufacturing unit at Harihar, lying 14 kilometres from Davangere.
Davangere houses major cricket, ball badminton and football clubs which provide opportunities to youngsters of the city. Vinay Kumar is a famous Indian cricketer from Davangere, who plays for team India and Karnataka Ranji Trophy cricket team, as a leading pace-bowler. He played for Royal Challengers Bangalore in IPL3.
Davangere has its name synonymous with bodybuilding and powerlifting in the state of Karnataka. The people of the city have been nurturing the sport/art since olden days. Gyms are found throughout the city, with a lot of interest within the youngster community. L.M. Karibasappa, Ekalavya award winner and five-time Mr. India titler in bodybuilding is from Davangere. Davangere has produced the highest number of Mr. India athletes. Many builders like Gangappa, Styanarayana and many others represented India in events like Asian Games and Commonwealth Games. M. Maheshwarayya is a famous Powerlifting athlete of international repute from the city.
The high school grounds, in the heart of city, is home to most of the sports events. The district stadium near Bapuji Hospital is a key place for cricket-coaching camps. Nethaji Subhash Chandra Bose Indoor Stadium is an Indoor stadium on the Kundwada Kere Road.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Davangere.|