Community development block
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||165.45 km2 (63.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
721170 (Sonakhali) 721212 (Kamalpur)
|Lok Sabha constituency||Ghatal|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Daspur|
In Daspur II CD Block, the area is a flat deltaic country intersected by numerous rivers and water courses. It is a flood prone area and is affected by water logging in the rainy season. 100% of the cultivated area has highly productive alluvial soil.
Daspur is located at.
Daspur II CD Block is bounded by Khanakul I CD Block, in Hooghly district, in the north, Khanakul II CD Block, in Hooghly district, in the east, Panskura CD Block, in Purba Medinipur district, in the south and Daspur I CD Block in the west.
It is located 58 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.
Daspur II CD Block has an area of 165.45 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 14 gram panchayats, 161 gram sansads (village councils), 162 mouzas and 157 inhabited villages. Daspur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Sonakhali.
Gram panchayats of Daspur II block/ panchayat samiti are: Benai, Chaipat, Dudkomra, Gochhati, Goura, Jotighanashyam, Kamalpur, Khanjapur, Kheput, Khukurdaha, Nishchintapur, Palashpai, Ranichak and Sahachak.
As per the 2011 Census of India Daspur II CD Block had a total population of 238,529, all of which were rural. There were 121,742 (51%) males and 116,787 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,518. Scheduled Castes numbered 29,922 (12.54%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 585 (0.25%).
As per 2001 census, Daspur II block had a total population of 206,064, out of which 100,700 were males and 105,364 were females. Daspur II block registered a population growth of 4.87 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Daspur II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Goura (4,899), Khukur Daha (4,110), Palashpai (4,800), Guchhati (4,395), Bhuta (5,022), Khanjapur (4,352), Kamalpur (4,124), Jot Kanusamgar (6,940), Ranichak (7,408), Chaipat (16,345), Kaijuri (4,454), Benai (5,731), Uttar Bar (5,675), Nischintapur (6,698), Sitapur (4,250), Jot Ghanashyam (15,200), Kultikri (6,607) and Maguria (5,128).
Other villages in Daspur II CD Block included (2011 census figures in brackets): Sahachak (2,302) and Dudhkonara (3,746).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Daspur II CD Block was 182,378 (85.62% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 99,472 (91.59% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 82,906 (79.41% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 12.18%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
Paschim Medinipur district
|Binpur I – 69.74%|
|Binpur II – 70.46%|
|Gopiballavpur I – 65.44%|
|Gopiballavpur II – 71.40%|
|Jamboni – 72.63%|
|Jhargram – 72.23%|
|Nayagram – 63.70%|
|Sankrail – 73.35%|
|Medinipur Sadar subdivision|
|Garhbeta I – 72.21%|
|Garhbeta II – 75.87%|
|Garhbeta III – 73.42%|
|Keshpur – 77.88%|
|Midnapore Sadar – 70.48%|
|Salboni – 74.87%|
|Chandrakona I – 78.93%|
|Chandrakona II – 75.96%|
|Daspur I – 83.99%|
|Daspur II – 85.62%|
|Ghatal – 81.08%|
|Dantan I – 73.53%|
|Dantan II – 82.45%|
|Debra – 82.03%|
|Keshiari – 76.78%|
|Kharagpur I – 77.06%|
|Kharagpur II – 76.08%|
|Mohanpur – 80.51%|
|Narayangarh – 78.31%|
|Pingla – 83.57%|
|Sabang – 86.84%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 221,349 and formed 92.80% of the population in Daspur II CD Block. Muslims numbered 16,794 and formed 7.04% of the population. Others numbered 386 and formed 0.16% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria. Christians and other religious communities.
According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).
86 or 100% of mouzas in Daspur II CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not fully implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Daspur II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.82%, patta (document) holders 2.94%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.18%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 60.42% and agricultural labourers 30.64%.
In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Daspur II CD Block was 13,000 hectares, out of a geographical area of 16,614 hectares, and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 12,127 hectares.
The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Daspur II CD Block was 8,933 hectares, out of which 5,800 hectares was irrigated by canal water, 250 hectares by tank water, 2,260 hectares by deep tubewells and 623 hectares by river lift irrigation.
In 2013-14, Daspur II CD Block produced 631 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2,487 hectares, 19,273 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,019 hectares, 7,443 tonnes of jute from 507 hectares and 5,195 tonnes of potatoes from 280 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.
Daspur II CD Block has 6 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 25 km from the CD Block headquarters.
In 2013-14, Daspur II CD Block had 162 primary schools with 11,504 students, 1 middle schools with 64 students, 21 high schools with 13,120 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 13,446 students. Daspur II CD Block had 1 general college with 277 students and 321 institutions for special and non-formal education with 10,503 students.
The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Daspur II CD Block out of the total 162 primary schools in 2008-2009, 59 had pucca buildings, 70 partially pucca, 1 kucha and 32 multiple type.
Chaipat Saheed Pradyot Bhattacharya Mahavidyalaya at Chaipat was established in 2007 and is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit and history.
In 2014, Daspur II CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 3 private nursing homes with total 100 beds and 6 doctors. It had 34 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 2,568 patients were treated indoor and 77,737 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.