Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Metro Station||Dakshineswar(under construction)|
|• Body||Kamarhati Municipality|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kamarhati|
Dakshineswar is a locality in Kamarhati Municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).
Dakshineswar is located at Baranagar separates by Belghoria Expressway in South, Ariadaha in North, Sabeda Bagan in East and Ganges River locally called the Hooghly River in West. Hooghly River is considered sacred to Hindus, and its water is considered holy.. Surrounded by Alambazar,
Dakshineswar is the most important international pilgrimage centre in the district. Dakshineswar Kali Temple was built in 1855 by Rani Rashmoni. The temple is famous for its association with Shri Ramkrishna Dev, a mystic of 19th Century Bengal. Large number of people gather at Dakshineswar throughout the year especially on the day of Shyama Puja, Shiva Chaturdashi, Bengali New Year’s Day (naba barsha), Akshaya Tritiya and on 1 January every year on the occasion of Kalpataru Utsava (the day Shree Ramkrishna attained siddhi)
As per the District Statistical Handbook, "Panchabati Ban is the place where Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansha Dev planted five (pancha) trees i.e. Asvattha, Bata, Bel, Asok and Amlaki, under which he used to meditate. The Panchamundi Asan is called so because there are five human skulls buried underneath and Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansha Dev used to sit and meditate on the asan (seat) and attained siddhi (enlightenment/attainment with the Holy Spirit i.e. the God; in his case Goddess Kali)."
Adyapeath Ashram, located nearby at Dakshineswar, is the house of deities of Sri Adya Shakti.
Dakshineswar is also home to Indian Army and Indian Navy camps. There are various Military housing facilities for the armed forces with a primary school in the camp. The navy also uses the river for various water sports.
Emami Paper Mills Ltd. manufactures newsprint from waste paper. It is one the largest producers of newsprint in the country. It has two plants – one at Dakshineswar and the other at Balgopalpur, Balasore.
Dakshineswar is one of the most important religious shrine for the Hindus and people from all over the World visit the Dakshineswar Kali Temple everyday in numbers. Along with the Kali temple, there are other important Hindu temples like the Adyapeath temple, Ramakrishna Sarada Math and many more. Because of a large number of temples in the town and the Ganges River flowing by, it is also regarded as a twin town of Varanasi by the locals.
T: temple, P: park, F: facility, C: college
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Belghoria Expressway is a tolled expressway connecting the junction points of NH 19 and NH 16 near Dankuni to Dakshineswar, across Nivedita Setu, and NH 12 (Jessore Road), near Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport. Dakshineswar is also connected by ordinary toll-free roads to Dankuni across Vivekananda Setu (old Bally Bridge) and Dunlop mor (in Baranagar) on State Highway 1 (locally popular as Barrackpore Trunk Road).
The 350 m long and narrow Rani Rashmoni Road links Dakshineswar bus stand and railway station to the Kali temple. This road is used annually by 13 million devotees. On festival days 1 lakh people visit Dakshineswar. On 17 March 2015, the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee laid the foundation stone of a 400 m long, 10.5 m wide elevated walkway over the congested road to be built at a cost of Rs. 63 crore. The road below would be widened and used only by vehicles. The skywalk will have 12 escalators, 4 elevators and 8 staircases. There is provision for 200 shops inside the skywalk. The Skywalk, named Dakshineswar Rani Rashmoni Skywalk, was ianugurated by Banerjee, on 5 November 2018.
The extension of Kolkata Metro Line 1 from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010-11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress. Dakshineswar metro station is under construction next to the Dakshineswar railway station. As of July 2018, the earliest it can be expected to be in operation is September 2019, but may get delayed up to early 2020.
Hiralal Mazumdar Memorial College for Women was established at Dakshineswar in 1959. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, sociology, history, political science, philosophy, education, journalism, music, geography, economics, zoology, botany, food & nutrition, psychology, chemistry and general courses in BA and B Sc.
Schools like Ariadaha Kalachand High School, Dakshineswar High School (oldest educational institution of the area), Dakshineswar Sri Sri Sarada Devi Balika Vidyalaya and Dakshineswar Bharati Bhaban Girl's School are there for Primary and secondary education.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dakshineswar.|
|Dakshineswar Skywalk under construction|