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Daimler Consort

Daimler DB18
Daimler DB18 Consort e1 1952.JPG
Consort six-light four-door saloon 1952 example
Overview
Manufacturer The Daimler Company Limited
Also called Daimler 2½ litre[1] (1939–1950)
Daimler Consort (1949–1953)
Production 1939–1953
Body and chassis
Class Executive car (E)
Body style four-door saloon
numerous coachbuilt versions, standard catalogued models by Daimler subsidiaries Hooper (formal) and Barker (drophead coupés), others as arranged with coachbuilder by customer [2]
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2,522 cc 6-cylinder in-line ohv [2]
Transmission 4-speed pre-selector gearbox with Fluid Flywheel.
Special Sports had an overdrive ratio on 4th gear.
Open propellor shaft and underhung worm-driven axle, hypoid bevel from June 1950.
Dimensions
Wheelbase 114 in (2,900 mm)[2]
Length 180 in (4,600 mm) (2½-litre)[3]
180 in (4,600 mm) (Consort)[2]
Width 65 in (1,700 mm)[3]
Height 63 in (1,600 mm) [3]
Chronology
Predecessor Daimler New Fifteen
Successor Daimler Conquest whole new smaller vehicle
Daimler Regency same 9' 6" wheelbase, 3-litre engine
Daimler DB18 2½-litre engine
Overview
Manufacturer The Daimler Company
Production September 1938 - 1953 introduced in Daimler Fifteen
Layout
Configuration 6-cylinder in-line
Displacement 2,522 cubic centimetres (154 cu in)
Cylinder bore 69.6 mm (2.74 in)
Piston stroke 110.49 mm (4.350 in)
Cylinder block alloy cast iron, aluminium alloy pistons
Cylinder head alloy detachable
Valvetrain OHV, pushrod cam-in-block (and from 1946) valves canted 15 degrees in special combustion chambers
Compression ratio 7:1
Combustion
Fuel system Horizontal S.U. carburettor
AC mechanical fuel pump
dual carburettors on Special Sports
Fuel type petrol
Oil system gear pump 40 lb pressure
Cooling system water-cooled thermostatically controlled, centrifugal pump and 4-blade fan
Output
Power output from 1946 70 bhp (52 kW; 71 PS) @ 4000 rpm.
Tax rating 18.02 hp
Chronology
Predecessor Daimler Fifteen 2.2-litre
Successor Daimler Conquest 2½-litre

The Daimler DB18 is an automobile which was produced by Daimler from 1939 to 1953. It is a 2½-litre version of the preceding 2.2-litre New Fifteen introduced in 1937. From 1949, the DB18 was revised to become the Daimler Consort.

Using the engine developed for the Daimler Scout Car,[4] it was offered to customers from 1939 as a six-cylinder chassis on which Daimler and various British coach builders offered a range of bodies including drop-head coupes.[3]

Development

The model was introduced immediately before the start of the World War II, during which the company was compelled to concentrated on the manufacture of military vehicles. Therefore, most DB18s were produced after 1945.

To contemporaries the model was generally known as the Daimler 2½-litre until Daimler adopted the North American habit of giving their cars names (although not on any badgework), and a slightly updated version of the car was introduced in October 1948 at the London Motor Show, "principally for export" and branded as the Daimler Consort.[5] The updates included the integration of the firewall into the body rather than it being part of the chassis, a move from rod operated mechanical brakes to a Girling-Bendix hydraulic front and rod operated rear system, incorporating the head lights into the front guards, and providing a badge plate behind the front bumper with a curved radiator grille replacing the flat one.

Specification

The car used a 2,522 cc in-line six-cylinder, pushrod ohv engine fed by a single SU carburetter.[3] Throughout its life, 70 brake horsepower (52 kW) was claimed, though a change in the gearing in 1950 was marked by an increase in maximum speed from 76 miles per hour (122 km/h) to 82 miles per hour (132 km/h) for the saloon, while the acceleration time from 0 – 50 miles per hour (80 km/h) improved from 17.9 to 16.9 seconds.[2] By the standards of the time the car was brisker than it looked.[3]

The car was supplied with the Daimler Fluid Flywheel coupled to a 4-speed Wilson Pre-selector gearbox. The independent front suspension used coil springs, while the back axle was suspended using a traditional semi-elliptical set-up.[3] The chassis was "underslung" at the rear with the main chassis members passing below the rear axle. In mid-1950 the restricted ground clearance was improved by the adoption of a conventional hypoid bevel drive to the rear axle replacing the traditional Daimler underslung worm drive which had hampered sales outside Britain.[6]

Coachwork

Although offered originally as a chassis only model, post-war the most common version was a four-door saloon which Daimler themselves produced. The interior was fitted out with traditional "good taste" using mat leather and polished wood fillets.[3] By the early 1950s, this coachwork was beginning to look unfashionably upright and "severe yet dignified".[3]

In 1939, Winston Churchill commissioned Carlton Carriage Co to build a drophead coupe on a DB18 chassis, chassis No.49531. Never used until post-World War II, he used it during election campaigns in the later 1940s.[7]

Production

Approximately 1,000 DB18s and 25 DB18 Special Sports were produced to 1940.[8] In addition 3,355 DB18s, 608 DB18 Sports Specials and 4,250 DB18 Consorts were built in the post-war years.[9]

The Consort became a popular car among the wealthy in India. All together, over 100 cars were ordered, mainly by the Maharajas in India and a further dozen were ordered by Royalty in Ceylon and Burma.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Daimler 2½ litre sales brochure, picasaweb.google.com, as archived at web.archive.org
  2. ^ a b c d e Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Second Hand car guide supplement". Practical Motorist. 6 (68): 768–769. April 1960. 
  4. ^ Douglas-Scott-Montagu, Edward John Barrington & Burgess-Wise, David (1995). "War and Peace". Daimler Century: The full history of Britain's oldest car maker. Foreword by HRH The Duke of Edinburgh. Sparkford, Nr Yeovil, Somerset, UK: Patrick Stephens. p. 248. ISBN 1 85260 494 8. 
  5. ^ "2½-litre Daimler Consort saloon". Autocar. 9 September 1949. 
  6. ^ Display advertisement, The Times, Thursday, Jun 15, 1950; pg. 8; Issue 51718
  7. ^ Chris Knapman (9 Nov 2010). "Winston Churchill Daimler to be auctioned". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Michael Sedgwick & Mark Gillies, A-Z of Cars of the 1930s, Haymarket Publishing Ltd, 1989, page 61
  9. ^ Michael Sedgwick & Mark Gillies, A-Z of Cars 1945-1970, Haymarket Publishing Ltd, 1986, page 48

This entry includes statistical information from the German Wikipedia concerning the Daimler Motor Company.

External links