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Daiji (era)

Daiji (大治) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tenji and before Tenshō. This period spanned the years from January 1126 through January 1131.[1] The reigning emperor was Sutoku-tennō (崇徳天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • January 25, 1126 Daiji gannen (大治元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Tenji 3, on the 22nd day of the 1st month of 1126.[3]

Events of the Daiji era

  • 1128 (Daiji 3, in the 3rd month): Taiken-mon In ordered the construction of Enshō-ji in fulfillment of a sacred vow.[4] This was one in a series of "sacred vow temples" (gogan-ji) built by imperial command following a precedent established by Emperor Shirakawa, who established and developed the Hosshō-ji complex.[5]
  • 1128 (Daiji 3, 6th month): Fujiwara Tadamichi is relieved of his responsibilities and duties as sesshō (regent); and simultaneously, Tadamichi is named kampaku.[4]
  • July 24, 1129 (Daiji 4, 7th day of the 7th month): The former-Emperor Shirakawa died at the age of 77.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Daiji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 139, p. 139, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des emepereurs du japon, pp. 181-185; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 322-324; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 204-205.
  3. ^ a b Brown, p. 323.
  4. ^ a b Titsigh, p. 185.
  5. ^ Varley, p. 200; the six gogan-ji ("superiority" temples) were: 1. Hosshō-ji (Superiority of Buddhist Law); 2. Sonshō-ji (Superiority of Worship); 3. Saishō-ji (Most Superior); 4. Enshō-ji (Superiority of Perfection); 5. Jōshō-ji (Superirority of Becoming); 6. Enshō-ji (Superiority of Duration).

References

  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Tenji
Era or nengō
Daiji

1126–1131
Succeeded by
Tenshō