Sixth Avenue Express
|Northern end||Norwood–205th Street|
|Southern end||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue|
41 (late night service)
|Rolling stock||224 to 232 R68s (28 to 29 trains)|
|Started service||December 15, 1940|
The D Sixth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.
The D operates at all times between 205th Street in Norwood, Bronx, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn. Daytime service operates local in the Bronx and express in Manhattan and in Brooklyn (between Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center and 36th Street, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). During rush hours in the peak direction, service operates express between Fordham Road in the Bronx and 145th Street in Manhattan. Late night service operates local in the Bronx and Brooklyn (stopping at DeKalb Avenue) and express in Manhattan.
In its early years, the D ran to World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan via the lower IND Eighth Avenue Line. From 1954 to 1967, the D ran via the IND Culver Line to Coney Island. With the completion of the Chrystie Street Connection, service was rerouted via the BMT Brighton Line, running there from 1967 to 2001. A short-lived yellow D service ran via the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan to the Brighton Line in Brooklyn, while orange D service used the Sixth Avenue, Central Park West, and Concourse Lines in Manhattan and the Bronx.
D service began on December 15, 1940 when the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. It ran from 205th Street, the Bronx to World Trade Center (at that time called Hudson Terminal) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line at all times, switching between the IND Sixth Avenue to the Eighth Avenue Lines just south of West Fourth Street–Washington Square. Service ran express via the Concourse Line during rush hours.
D service was increased on October 24, 1949 in order to offset the discontinuation of C service, which ran express via the Concourse Line and the Eighth Avenue Line. On December 29, 1951, Saturday peak direction express service in the Bronx was discontinued.
On October 30, 1954, the Culver Ramp, a connection between the IND South Brooklyn Line and BMT Culver Line opened. D service was rerouted via these two lines to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue with additional trains to Church Avenue on weekdays between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m.. On Saturdays, four round trips ran between 205th Street and Kings Highway. D trains replaced F service on the South Brooklyn Line, and were sent over the new connection as the first IND service to reach Coney Island. The service was announced as Concourse–Culver and advertised as direct Bronx–Coney Island service.
Between October 7, 1957 and 1959, limited rush hour trains ran express to Euclid Avenue via the IND Fulton Street Line when the D started being inspected at Pitkin Yard. Four trains left 205th Street between 7:20 and 8:10 a.m., and one left Bedford Park Boulevard at 8:53 a.m.. These five trains returned between 3 and 5 p.m.. During the AM rush hour, several northbound trains ended at Bedford Park Boulevard.
From December 4 to 27, 1962, a special service labeled DD was provided due to a water main break. It ran local from 205th Street, Bronx to 59th Street–Columbus Circle, then continued as a local down the Eighth Avenue Line to West Fourth Street, where it switched to the Sixth Avenue Line and continued on its normal route to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via the Culver Line.
On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened, connecting the Sixth Avenue Line with the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge and the BMT Southern Division lines in Brooklyn. In conjunction with this project, the new express tracks on the Sixth Avenue Line between West Fourth Street–Washington Square and 34th Street were opened, providing additional capacity for the extra trains on the IND via the connection. On this date, D service was switched over to BMT Brighton Line via this new connector, running express on weekdays to Brighton Beach and local to Stillwell Avenue at all other times. The D replaced Q service, which had run local in Brooklyn (except during morning rush hours and early evenings) and express on the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan, terminating at 57th Street. In Manhattan, it ran express from West 4th Street to 34th Street rush hours only, with the B using the express tracks to relay when it terminated at West 4th Street at other times. Service on the Culver Line to Coney Island was replaced by extended F service. On July 1, 1968, it would become the full-time Sixth Avenue Express when non-rush hours B service and new KK service was extended to the new 57th Street–Sixth Avenue station.
On August 19, 1968, to reduce conflicts at the Brighton Beach terminal, D service was truncated to Brighton Beach when it ran express on the BMT Brighton Line (morning rush hours through early evenings, and QB (rush-hour peak direction only) and QJ (morning rush hours through early evenings) were extended from Brighton Beach to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. In addition, the span of Manhattan-bound D express service was increased by two hours, with the last express leaving Brighton Beach at 7:37 p.m..
D service was divided and ran in two sections when the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge closed on April 26, 1986 due to construction, with regular service expected to resume on October 26, 1986. The northern section ran between Norwood–205th Street in the Bronx and 34th Street–Herald Square (the Orange D) while the southern section ran from 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line, then express along the Broadway Line to Canal Street, then over the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge into Brooklyn, and then along the Brighton Line to Stillwell Avenue (the Yellow D). Service to Grand Street was replaced by the S shuttle, which ran via the Sixth Avenue local to 57th Street–Sixth Avenue.
At this time, the local tracks on the BMT Brighton Line also underwent reconstruction, necessitating the suspension of express service. As a substitute, the D and Q ran skip-stop service between Newkirk Avenue and Sheepshead Bay on weekdays. D trains served Neck Road, Avenue M and Avenue H; the Q skipped those stops, serving Avenue U and Avenue J, while both trains served Kings Highway. The first skip-stop train left Brighton Beach at about 6:30 a.m. while the last one left 57th Street–Seventh Avenue at about 7:30 p.m.. On weekday evenings, between 8 p.m. and 1 a.m., D trains made all local stops, except Parkside Avenue and Beverley Road where service was only available in one direction. During late nights and weekends, D trains ran express between Prospect Park and Kings Highway depending on which tracks were being worked on. By 1987, as reconstruction on the Brighton Line progressed, the weekday skip-stop pattern expanded to Prospect Park, with D trains serving Beverley Road while Q trains served Cortelyou Road and Parkside Avenue, with Church Avenue as a mutual station.
On December 11, 1988, the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the two sections of the D joined together running via Sixth Avenue Express. The D now ran as the full-time Brighton Local to Stillwell Avenue.
From April 30 to November 12, 1995, the Bridge's north tracks closed during middays and weekends and during these hours, D service was cut south of 34th Street-Herald Square. In its place, the Q ran local in Brooklyn to Stillwell Avenue. On July 22, 2001, the north tracks were closed at all times and the southern (Broadway Line) tracks reopened. D service was again cut below 34th Street-Herald Square. In Brooklyn, D service was replaced by Q local service.
After September 11, 2001, C service was suspended. On weekends, the D ran local on the Eighth Avenue Line north of 59th Street to fill in the gap in service caused by the suspension until September 21.
On February 22, 2004, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was restored and D trains were extended via the north tracks of the bridge to Brooklyn, replacing the W as the Fourth Avenue Express (late nights local) and West End Local to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. The D was moved to the West End Line instead of returning to the Brighton Line, which it had run on since 1967, to provide 24-hour service to both the Concourse Line and West End Line and avoid running two separate (B and D) shortened services outside of weekdays. This eliminated the need to run late-night and/or weekend shuttles on the West End Line as done prior to 2002. Due to ongoing construction work at Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue, the D was the only line that serviced the station until May 23, 2004.
The following table shows the lines used by the D, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IND Concourse Line (full line)||Norwood–205th Street||all|
|Bedford Park Boulevard||145th Street||express|
|IND Eighth Avenue Line||135th Street||59th Street–Columbus Circle||express|
|IND Sixth Avenue Line||Seventh Avenue||Broadway–Lafayette Street|
|Chrystie Street Connection||Grand Street||all|
|BMT Fourth Avenue Line||DeKalb Avenue||bypass|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||36th Street||express|
|BMT West End Line (full line)||Ninth Avenue||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|Bedford Park Boulevard||B||Some a.m. rush hour trips to and from Brooklyn begin or end their runs at this station[a]|
|Fordham Road||B||Bx12 Select Bus Service|
|161st Street–Yankee Stadium||B
4 (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
|Bx6 Select Bus Service|
A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|Eighth Avenue Line|
|125th Street||A B C ||M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport|
|59th Street–Columbus Circle||A B C
1 2 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
|Sixth Avenue Line|
E (IND Queens Boulevard Line)
|47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center||B F <F> M|
|42nd Street–Bryant Park||B F <F> M
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
|34th Street–Herald Square||B F <F> M
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
|M34 / M34A Select Bus Service|
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
|West Fourth Street–Washington Square||B F <F> M
A C E (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|PATH at 9th Street|
|Broadway–Lafayette Street||B F <F> M
4 6 <6> (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
|Chyrstie Street Branch|
|Fourth Avenue Line|
|DeKalb Avenue||N Q R|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||N R W
B Q (BMT Brighton Line)
2 3 4 5 (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
|LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal|
|Union Street||N R|
|Ninth Street||N R
F G (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
|Prospect Avenue||N R|
|25th Street||N R|
|36th Street||N R W|
|West End Line|
|Fort Hamilton Parkway|
|62nd Street||N W (BMT Sea Beach Line at New Utrecht Avenue)|
|Bay Parkway||B82 Select Bus Service|
|Bay 50th Street|
|Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue||F <F> (IND Culver Line)
no regular service (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q (BMT Brighton Line)
W". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2001. Retrieved March 29, 2019 – via The JoeKorner.
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