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Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus, the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος ( ). kyparissos 
Species that are commonly known as cypresses include:
African cypress (
species), native to Southern Africa Widdringtonia  Bald, pond, and Montezuma cypresses (
species), native to North America Taxodium Chinese swamp cypress (
), Vietnam, critically endangered Glyptostrobus pensilis  Cordilleran cypress (
), native to Chile and Argentina Austrocedrus chilensis  Cypress (multiple species within the genus
) Cupressus Cypress-pines (
species), southwestern Australia Actinostrobus  Cypress-pines (
species), Australia and New Calendonia Callitris  Cypress vine (
Ipomoea quamoclir), in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae False cypress (
species), Asia and North America. Chamaecyparis  Fujian cypress (
), southeastern China Fokienia hodginsii  Guaitecas cypress (
), Pilgerodendron uviferum Tierra del Fuego  Patagonian cypress (
), southern Chile and Argentina Fitzroya cupressoides Mediterranean cypress (
), famous for its longevity, popular garden plant Cupressus sempervirens Monterey cypress (
), native to the Cupressus macrocarpa Monterey Peninsula, California  Nootka cypress (
), native to the Pacific Northwest of North America Cupressus nootkatensis  Siberian cypress (
) Microbiota decussata Summer cypress ( ), in the Bassia scoparia Amaranthaceae family
Cupressaceae family also contains 13–16 other genera (not listed above) that do not bear cypress in their common names.
Plants named Cypress
The Cypress. A poem by Letitia Elizabeth Landon from The Amulet, 1826.
Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
"Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.
Pauw, C.A.; Linder, H.P. (1997). "Widdringtonia systematics, ecology and conservation status". Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 297–319.
Thomas, P.; Yang, Y.; Farjon, A.; Nguyen, D. & Liao, W. (2011). ". Glyptostrobus pensilis" . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species IUCN. 2011: e.T32312A9695181. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T32312A9695181.en . Retrieved . 9 January 2018
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Farjon, A. (2005). Monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-068-4.
"Actinostrobus". . Flora of Australia Online Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Callitris". Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
"Chamaecyparis". Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Famlies.
Conifer Specialist Group (1998). ". Fokienia hodginsii" . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006 International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Hogan, C. Michael; Frankis, Michael P. (2009). "Monterey Cypress: Cupressus macrocarpa". GlobalTwitcher.com.
". Cupressus nootkatensis" PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2015.