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Coalburg, Alabama

Coalburg, Alabama
Unincorporated community
Coalburg, Alabama is located in Alabama
Coalburg, Alabama
Coalburg, Alabama
Coalburg, Alabama is located in the US
Coalburg, Alabama
Coalburg, Alabama
Coordinates: 33°35′37″N 86°51′26″W / 33.59361°N 86.85722°W / 33.59361; -86.85722
Country United States
State Alabama
County Jefferson
Elevation 469 ft (143 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Area code(s) 205
GNIS feature ID 116311[1]

Coalburg is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. Coalburg was home to coal mines first developed by John T. Milner, who sold them in May 1883 to the Georgia Pacific Railway.[2] Edward Magruder Tutwiler became the superintendent of the mines. Sloss-Sheffield Iron and Steel Company operated coke ovens at Coalburg during this time.[3] At its peak, the Coalburg mines produced four thousand tons of coal per day.[4] Overall, the Coalburg mines produced over 186,000 tons of coal. Sloss used convict labor to work in the Coalburg mines, with 320 men working in 1889. As the mines grew, the number of convicts used to work in the mines increased. The coal mined at and coke produced in Coalburg was sent to Sloss Furnaces in Birmingham to be turned into pig iron.[5]

In 1890, eleven miners were killed in a mine explosion.[6]

A post office was operated in Coalburg from 1883 until the 1980s.[7]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 842
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

Coalburg was listed on the 1890 U.S. Census with a population of 842.[9]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Coalburg". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Causey, Donna R (2013-12-16). "Biography: John Turner Milner born 1826 with photograph". Alabama Pioneers. Retrieved 2014-07-12. 
  3. ^ Iron ores, fuels, and fluxes of the Birmingham district, Alabama – Ernest Francis Burchard, Charles Butts, and Edwin Clarence Eckel – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  4. ^ Armes, Ethel (2011). The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama. University of Alabama Press. p. 438. 
  5. ^ Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the .. – Alex Lichtenstein – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  6. ^ Flynt, Wayne (February 5, 2016). Poor But Proud. 2843: University of Alabama Press. 
  7. ^ "Jefferson County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ [www2.census.gov]