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Clube de Regatas do Flamengo

Flamengo
An escutcheon with horizontal red and black stripes, with a monogram of the letters CRF in its upper-left part
Full nameClube de Regatas do Flamengo
Nickname(s)Rubro-Negro (Scarlet-Black)
Mengão (Big 'Mengo)
O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
FoundedNovember 17, 1895; 123 years ago (November 17, 1895)
StadiumMaracanã Stadium
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Capacity78,838
Coordinates22°54′43.80″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.9121667°S 43.2301639°W / -22.9121667; -43.2301639
PresidentRodolfo Landim
ManagerJorge Jesus
LeagueCopa Libertadores
Série A
Campeonato Carioca
2018
2019
Série A, 2nd
Carioca, Champions
Copa Libertadores, Semifinal (on going)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈklubi dʒi ʁeˈɡataʒ du flaˈmẽɡu]; English: Flamengo Rowing Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo, is a Brazilian sports club based in Rio de Janeiro best known for their professional football team.

The club was first established in 1895 as a rowing club and played their first official match in 1912. Flamengo's traditional uniform featured red and black striped shirts with white shorts, and red and black striped socks. Flamengo had typically played their home matches in the Maracanã, the national stadium of Brazil, since its completion in 1950, with some exceptions in recent years. Since 1969, the vulture (Portuguese: urubu) has been the most recognized mascot of Flamengo.[1]

Flamengo established themselves as one of Brazil's most successful sports clubs in the 20th century during of the era of state leagues in Brazil when they captured several Campeonato Carioca (Rio de Janeiro state league) titles prior to the establishment of the first Brazilian national football league in 1959. Since then, they have remained successful in Brazilian football, having won 6 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (including the Copa União of 1987), 3 Copa do Brasil, and a record 35 Campeonato Carioca. They are one of five clubs to have never been relegated from the Brasileirão. In South American and worldwide competitions, the club's highest achievements are their conquests of the 1981 Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup against Liverpool, led by the club's most iconic player Zico. Flamengo's fiercest and longest-standing rivalries are with the other "Big Four" of Rio de Janeiro: Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama.

Flamengo is the most popular club in Brazil, with over 30 million supporters as of 2018.[2] As of 2017, it is also Brazil's richest football club with an annual revenue of R$648.0 million (163.04 million)[3] and a valuation of over R$1.69 billion (425.21 million).[4]

History

Establishment of the club (1895–1912)

Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 by a group of rowers gathered at Nestor de Barros's (a club member) manor on Flamengo Beach in Rio de Janeiro. In the late 19th century, rowing was the elite sport in the region and the group hoped to impress the young women of the city's high society by establishing a rowing club. Previously, they could only afford a used boat named Pherusa, which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point toward Flamengo Beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal (Loyal). Later as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, it was stolen and never found again. The group saved money to buy a new boat, the Etoile, renamed Scyra.

The recently formed football (soccer) team before a match vs. Paissandu, 1912.

On the night of November 17, the group gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach and founded the Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo (English: Flamengo Rowing Group) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to its current title of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (Flamengo Rowing Club). The founders decided that the anniversary of the club's foundation should be commemorated on November 15 to coincide with Republic Procalamation Day, a national holiday.

Flamengo's football team was only established after a group of ten dissatisfied players from Fluminense broke away from that club following a dispute with its board.[5] The players decided to join Flamengo because Alberto Borgerth, the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Also, establishing a land sports department at Flamengo was preferable to joining football rivals Botafogo or the all-English club Paissandu. The new members were admitted on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and as a result the members officially established the team on December 24, 1911.

Football in the amateur era (1912–1933)

The Flamengo team of 1914, when the club won its first Carioca championship.

The new team trained on Russel Beach and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice matches. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and marked, to this day, the largest margin of victory in the club's history, as they defeated Mangueira 16–2. Flamengo's first ever match against Fluminense, the start of the Fla-Flu rivalry, was played on July 7 of that year and was won by Fluminense by a score of 3–2. That same year, Flamengo finished as runners-up of the Campeonato Carioca, the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The team's first uniform was nicknamed the "papagaio vintém", due to its similarity to a particular type of kite. In 1914 the club won the Campeonato Carioca for the first time, dressed in a red, black, and white-striped shirt nicknamed the "cobra coral" (coral snake) was worn until 1916. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca again in 1915, 1920 and 1921.

In 1925, the team won the Campeonato Carioca and five other tournaments, a record at the time. In 1927 the prominent Rio newspaper Jornal do Brasil, in partnership with a mineral water company, held a mail-in contest to find "the most beloved club in Brazil." Though Flamengo enjoyed their largest increase in fan support after the club professionalized in the 1930s, they still defeated popular rivals Vasco da Gama in the vote.[6] This was the first of many times that Flamengo would be polled as the nation's most popular club, originating the nickname "O mais querido do Brasil" ("the most beloved of Brazil").[7] In 1933 the team went on its first tour outside Brazil (to Montevideo and Buenos Aires[8]) and on 14 May of the same year played its final match as an amateur team, defeating River Futebol Clube by a score of 16–2.[9] After this, the club's football department became professional.

Early professional era (1934–1955)

Flamengo's team, 1934. National Archives of Brazil.

Local advertiser José Bastos Padilha was elected club president in 1934 and served until 1937. Under his tenure, the club massively improved its popularity in both Rio de Janeiro and the entirety of Brazil. For publicity, he organized a contest for students in schools to create phrases describing Flamengo, from which the phrase uma vez Flamengo, Flamengo até morrer ("Once you are Flamengo, you are Flamengo 'til you die") was developed and would later be adopted as part of the club's anthem. In 1936 Padilha signed excellent players such as Domingos da Guia and Leônidas da Silva (who would go on to be the leading goalscorer in the 1938 FIFA World Cup as a Flamengo player). These beloved players endeared Flamengo to the public and it is believed that by this time Flamengo was the most popular club in the country.[6] In 1937 Flamengo hired Hungarian coach Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, who introduced the WM system to Brazil and other innovations from Europe such as training without the use of the ball and playing a more defensive, controlled style. Padilha facilitated the construction of Flamengo's new stadium and current training center, the Estádio da Gávea. The stadium was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 when Vasco da Gama defeated Flamengo 2–0 and Kürschner was promptly fired.

In 1938, the five-year split in Rio de Janeiro football over the dispute between professionalism and amateurism was resolved with the merger of the two competing leagues (Flamengo had been a member of the professional LCF - Liga Carioca de Football). In 1939, after twelve years without winning any titles, Flamengo conquered the state championship with a team that would become the basis of the three-time state champions in the 1940s.

In 1941, the group played its first international competition, the Hexagonal Tournament of Argentina.[10] In 1942, the first organized supporters group in all of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, was founded in support of Flamengo.[11] Flamengo's popularity grew incidentally during World War II when Brazil's allies the United States installed two high-powered antennas in Natal and Belém in the north of Brazil to intercept enemy radio signals.[7] They also allowed residents in the North and Northeast regions to receive the radio broadcasts of football matches. As Rio de Janeiro was the national capital at the time and Flamengo was highly successful in the war years with Zizinho and Domingos da Guia, nationwide support increased. In 1944, Flamengo completed their first tricampeonato Carioca: three consecutive Rio de Janeiro state titles (winning the 1942,1943 and 1944 competitions)[12]. The key player of this squad was Zizinho, a player developed at Flamengo and considered the first ever "idol" of the club. Zizinho was transferred to Bangu just before the start of the 1950 World Cup in Brazil, where he scored twice and the Seleção finished runners-up. From 1953 to 1955, Flamengo once again won the Rio de Janeiro State League three consecutive times.[12]

Developing talent (1956–1973)

Despite the lack of achievements of this period Flamengo continued to grow in influence regionally, particularly due to their popular roster of players such as Dida, Carlinhos, Paulo Cézar Caju, Gérson, Antônio Rondinelli, Horácio Doval, Fio Maravilha, Evaristo de Macedo, Francisco Reyes and others. Throughout the 1950s, Flamengo played in several international invitational tournaments against South American and European competition.[13][14][15]

The top football clubs in Brazil were largely concentrated in the Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo areas. As early as 1911 there have been several inter-state cup matches between clubs from the two municipalities. In 1955 Flamengo won their first Rio-São Paulo State Champions' Cup against Santos and in 1961 they captured the more prestigious Torneio Rio – São Paulo, which at the time assembled the best teams in Brazil and was the predecessor tournament for the eventual Brazilian Championship in 1971 (the Taça Brasil, established in 1959, served as the current format for determining a national champion and participant in the newly-formed CONMEBOL Copa Libertadores). Flamengo won the 1963 Campeonato Carioca and qualified for the following Taça Brasil for the first time, finishing runners-up behind Pelé's Santos.

In late 1968, the legendary Garrincha was signed by Flamengo on a season-long contract, but he only made 20 appearances with 4 goals.[16] The legacy of the club in the 1970s would be the fantastic class of young players to graduate from Flamengo's youth ranks to later form the backbone of Flamengo's "golden generation." In this period, players like Zico, Júnior, Leandro and others were promoted to the senior team.

Zico and the world champions (1974–1983)

Flamengo won their 18th Campeonato Carioca state championship in 1978. The following five years would come to represent the club's most glorious era. Brazilian stars like Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become state champions three times in a row - the club's third tri-championship. This run of sustained excellent play pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. As national champions, the club qualified to play in the South American continental tournament, the 1981 Copa Libertadores, for the first time.

The 1981 season is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history.[17] They advanced through the semi-final group stage of the Copa Libertadores with four victories in four matches.[18] In the final they encountered Chilean club Cobreloa, also a debutante club in the tournament. In the first final at the Maracanã, Flamengo prevailed (2–1) with two goals from Zico. In the National Stadium in Santiago the following week, the Brazilian team received a violent reception on the field and fell 1–0 from a free kick.[19][20] Equal on goals, a third match was played at the neutral venue of the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo.[21] Zico scored twice in the first half, sealing the game and the championship. Flamengo were crowned champions of South America on November 23 and qualified for the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.

On December 13, 1981, Zico, Tita, and Nunes took the field for the most important match in the club's history. Two goals by Nunes and one by Adílio (all in the first half) along with a brilliant midfield performance by Zico earned Flamengo the title of first Brazilian World Champions since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.[22]

The following two years were also marked with success. One more Rio de Janeiro State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed Flamengo's "Golden Age."[23]

National success and the return of Zico (1984–1994)

After two years playing in Italy for Udinese, Zico returned to the Flamengo in 1986 and won his last state championship. Only one month after returning, he suffered a severe knee injury after a violent tackle from Bangu defender Marcio Nunes, which interrupted his career for several months and affected his form in the 1986 FIFA World Cup.

Zico played for Flamengo from 1971 to 1983 and 1985–89, setting several records for the club.

In 1987, Zico was a major contributor to Flamengo's victory in the first edition of the Copa União. That year, the CBF was experiencing serious financial and institutional crises and was unable to secure sponsorship to organize the national championship as in years prior. As a result, the thirteen biggest clubs in Brazil (which included Flamengo) reacted and created a new entity named the Club of 13 to organize a championship of their own. The CBF originally supported the decision by the Club of 13, but were pressured by other clubs to create a larger national tournament. As a result, CBF placed three additional clubs into the Copa União, regarded the Copa União as the "Green Module," and organized a second "Yellow Module" of 16 other teams. For the 1987 Brazilian Championship, the winners and runners-up of both modules would face each other in a knockout-style cup to determine the national champion and qualification for the Copa Libertadores. With strong performances from Zico, Zé Carlos, Renato Gaúcho and Bebeto, Flamengo conquered the Copa União with major victories over Internacional and Atlético Mineiro. However, there was a dispute over whether Flamengo and Internacional of the Green Module would dispute the quadrangular against Sport Recife and Guarani of the Yellow Module. The Club of 13 clubs had agreed to not participate in the final set up by the CBF, but Eurico Miranda, a representative of Vasco and the Club of 13, had already signed an agreement with CBF regarding the final. Flamengo still did not participate in the final under the understanding that it would only determine the entrants of the Copa Libertadores and not the Brazilian national champion.[24] CBF officially recognized Sport as the sole champion in 1987 and they qualified to the Copa Libertadores. In 2011, CBF retroactively declared Flamengo co-champion of 1987.[25] However, Sport later appealed the decision and CBF ultimately declared Sport as the sole champion of that year.[26]

Throughout his career at Flamengo, Zico scored 508 goals and was the top scorer in club history before retiring in 1990.[27]

Even without its biggest star, the early years of the post-Zico era were successful for Flamengo. They achieved national victory in the second edition of the Copa do Brasil in 1990, defeating Goiás in the finals. In 1992, Flamengo won their fourth Campeonato Brasileiro, defeating Botafogo across two legs in the final (3–0, 2–2). The team's key player was again Júnior at 38 years old.

Risk of relegation (1995–2005)

After the Brazilian League title in 1992, the club entered a major financial crisis and domestic and international achievements became less frequent. In 1995, the year of Flamengo's centenary, radio sports broadcaster Kléber Leite became chairman of the club and signed striker Romário, the current FIFA World Player of the Year, from Barcelona.[28] He joined Sávio and later Edmundo to become, as the supporters called, "the attack of dreams".[29] Even with Romário and other stars, Flamengo's centennial year did not yield major trophies. Flamengo only won the Taça Guanabara, the first phase of the Rio de Janeiro State League.[30][31] Flamengo also finished runners-up of 1995 Supercopa Libertadores. However, in 1996, Flamengo went undefeated in the Campeonato Carioca, conquering both the Taça Guanabara and Taça Rio phases. Romário was the top scorer of the tournament. Sávio was the top scorer and best player in Flamengo's victorious 1996 Copa de Oro campaign. The Copa de Oro was Flamengo's first international success since 1981, their third overall international title.[32]

In 1999, Edmundo dos Santos Silva was elected club president, and brought with him a massive contract with sports marketing company ISL.[33] Despite poor campaigns in the Campeonato Brasileiro, Flamengo won the 1999 Copa Mercosur, the second-tier cup of South America, and continued to be successful at the regional level, winning the triple in state championships (1999-2000-2001) for the fourth time as well the 2001 Copa dos Campeões inter-state title. In 2001 league play, Flamengo avoided relegation to the Brazilian Série B by winning against Palmeiras the final match of the tournament.[34] The club suffered a series of bad campaigns in the national league in the following years.

ISL went bankrupt in 2002 for reasons unrelated to their contract with Flamengo, and the club was left without its wealthy partner. In the same year, Edmundo Santos Silva was removed from his role as president in a controversial manner amidst accusation of impropriety.[35] Lacking the funds to make key signings, Flamengo failed to field competitive teams and narrowly avoided relegation in the 2002, 2004, and 2005 campaigns. 2005 was one of the worst seasons in Flamengo's history. The club only escaped relegation after the arrival of coach Joel Santana, who directed the team to six wins and three draws in nine matches played under his command. Twice in this low period, in 2003 and 2004, the team reached the finals of the Copa do Brasil, ultimately falling to Cruzeiro and Santo André.

End of the drought (2006–2013)

Adriano celebrating a goal for Flamengo. In 2009 he finished as joint top-scorer in Série A with 19 goals.

In 2006, Flamengo reached the final of the Copa do Brazil for a fifth time, yet managed to conquer the title against rivals Vasco da Gama. From 2007 to 2009 Flamengo completed their fifth and most recent tricampeonato in the Carioca state league, and became sole owners of the record for most Carioca titles with 31 (Fluminense had 30 at the time).

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo received a commemorative date on the Rio de Janeiro (state) official calendar. Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho declared November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the 2007 Brazilian Série A, Flamengo won many games at home, escaped the relegation zone and climbed to 2nd place before being defeated by Náutico 1–0 in the final round and ultimately ending the season 3rd. This marked a dramatic improvement in league outcome from previous seasons. Flamengo finished 5th the following year, and in 2009 after finishing the first half of the Brazilian Série A in 10th place, Flamengo won the title. With this victory Flamengo became five-time Brazilian League champions 17 years after their last title in 1992.[36] The 2009 championship team finished the season with 67 points, the lowest winning point total in Brazil since the current league format was established in 2003. Flamengo were champions despite spending only two rounds at the top of the league: the final two. The title was won after a dramatic 2–1 come-from-behind victory against Grêmio in the final round.

Ronaldinho celebrates scoring for Flamengo in February 2011.

International success continued to elude Flamengo through the 21st century. After finishing runners-up in the 2001 Copa Mercosur to San Lorenzo on penalties, the club survived as far the quarter-finals only one time in their following twelve competitions (both Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana). In 2008 in Flamengo's first official tournament tie against a club from Mexico, they defeated Club América 4–2 in the Estadio Azteca before losing polemically 3–0 at home and being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores round of 16.

Flamengo experienced a poor run in Série A from 2010 to 2015, finishing better than 10th only once. Following the success of 2009, the club gambled on winning several titles and signed striker Vágner Love to form a pair with Adriano. The dream of repeating as state champions four times in a row was foiled by Botafogo in 2010. After narrowly qualifying out of the group stage in the Copa Libertadores, manager Andrade was still fired. In their first quarter-final appearance since 1993, Flamengo were eliminated by Universidad de Chile. Shortly after, Vágner Love and Adriano left the team. A series of coaching changes during the troublesome domestic league saw Flamengo survive relegation and claim the final berth to the Copa Sudamericana under manager Vanderlei Luxemburgo.

The blockbuster signing of 2011 was 30-year-old superstar Ronaldinho from A.C. Milan. He was joined by Argentine Darío Bottinelli and Fluminense idol Thiago Neves. Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca outright in an undefeated campaign, but captured no other trophies that season: eliminations in the Copa do Brasil by Ceará and the Sudamericana by Universidad de Chile, and a fourth-place finish in the league left fans feeling that a strong roster had been squandered. The season saw the retirement of Serbian club idol Dejan Petković as well. In 2012 Ronaldinho sued Flamengo claiming lack of payment for four months and canceled his contract with the club,[37] Thiago Neves returned to Fluminense after a drawn-out negotiation with contract-holders Al-Hilal, and defender Alex Silva was loaned to Cruzeiro after threatening Flamengo with a lawsuit. Vágner Love and Ibson returned for a 2012 campaign that yielded no trophies and a group-stage exit from the Libertadores.

At the end of 2012, Flamengo elected Eduardo Bandeira de Mello as club president for three years. The goal of his term was to improve the club's finances, after an independent audit assessed Flamengo's debt at R$750 million.[38] After a typical series of managerial changes, Jayme de Almeida was appointed as interim manager during which he fought off relegation and won the 2013 Copa do Brasil final against Atlético Paranaense. It was Flamengo's third Copa title, after 1990 and 2006.

Recent years (2014–present)

Flamengo's Copa do Brasil title-defense fell short to Atlético Mineiro in the semi-final. However, by 2014, Flamengo was the only club that successfully reduced their debt over the year (down to R$600 million) and recorded the highest annual profit.[39] In 2015 after an inconsistent start to the Carioca and national league seasons, multiple managers were dismissed and Flamengo failed to qualify for the Libertadores. However, Flamengo had signed Paolo Guerrero and Ederson and were the most valuable club in Brazil with debt now reduced to R$495 million.[40] As a result, president Bandeira was re-elected. The club signed fan-favorite Diego in the mid-season and mounted a strong campaign, but could not catch Palmeiras in 2016.

2017 was characterized as the year Flamengo played two major finals at the end of the season but failed to win either. After going undefeated in the 2017 Campeonato Carioca, they were eliminated in the Libertadores group stage, failing to win a single match away from home but qualifying for the Copa Sudamericana in third place. In the Copa do Brasil, the club reached the final where they lost in a penalty shootout to Cruzeiro. Less than three months later, the reached an unprecedented Copa Sudamericana final. They lost away to Independiente and drew at home 1–1, losing the title. After the match, a group of Flamengo supporters rioted outside the hotel where Independiente were staying. CONMEBOL punished the club with two closed-door home matches in the following Copa Libertadores.[41]

Nine years after their last Campeonato Brasileiro victory, Flamengo made a title run but fell just short. In 2018 they spent the most rounds as league leader (thirteen) and broke their points record from 2016 (72), but finished runners-up behind Palmeiras. That season, the club recorded their two highest outgoing transfer fees in history: 18 year-old winger Vinícius Júnior moved to Real Madrid in July for €46 million, and 20-year-old midfielder Lucas Paquetá transferred to Milan for a reported €35 million at the end of the year. Both were products of Flamengo's youth academy. At the end of 2018, Rodolfo Landim was elected club president for a three-year term. Flamengo paid the most expensive incoming transfer fee for a player in Brazilian football history, signing Giorgian De Arrascaeta from Cruzeiro for R$63 million ( €14.5 million). The club also secured the loan of striker Gabriel "Gabigol" Barbosa from Inter Milan.

On the morning of February 8, 2019, a fire erupted at Flamengo's Ninho do Urubu training center living quarters.[42][43][44] The fire resulted in the deaths of ten academy players between the ages of 14 and 17 training with the club. Three others were injured. The cause of the fire was a malfunctioning air-conditioning unit that caught fire in the room of one of the victims close to 5:00 am. President Rodolfo Landim described it as "the worst tragedy the club has ever experienced in its 123 years."[45] The governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro declared a three-day period of mourning following the tragedy.[46] The team wore a black ribbon on their shirts for the remaining matches of the year in honor of the victims.

Crest and uniforms

Crest

Flamengo's crest has changed slightly throughout the club's history. Most of the changes has been changes to the interlocked letters monogram, with the latest redesign being unveiled in 2018.[47]

The club uses three crests in different situations: the full crest is used as the club's official logo, the rowing crest is used for all rowing related uniforms and equipment, and the white "CRF" monogram is typically the only component of the crest worn on the primary football uniform.

Beginning in 1980, Flamengo wore three white stars aligned vertically along the side of their monogram crest to indicate their three state league tri-championships (1942–43–44, 1953–54–55, and 1978–79–79 Special).[48] When Nike became Flamengo's kit provider in 2000, their first kit featured the full shield crest with three stars above it for the first time. In 2001 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the 1981 Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup championships, a gold star was introduced above the crest. In 2005 the club returned to primarily using only the "CRF" monogram crest on their shirts. The single gold star continues to feature above the crest.

Rowing crest (1985–2018)
1980–2018
2018–present

Uniforms

At the 1895 meeting which established the Flamengo rowing club, the club's official colors were decided as blue and gold to symbolized the sky of Rio de Janeiro and the riches of Brazil.[49] The team adopted a uniform of thick blue and gold horizontal stripes. However Flamengo failed to win a single regatta in their first year and gained the nickname of "bronze club." The team colors were perceived as bad luck, and the colored fabric was expensive to import from England. One year after the club's establishment, the official colors were replaced with the current red and black.

In 1912, at the request of the Flamengo rowing team (who opposed the use of their same uniform by the newly established football team), the football players dressed in shirts divided into red and black quarters which became known as the papagaio de vintém uniform, named after a particular style of kite. However the shirt became synonymous with bad luck and was replaced in 1913 by a shirt with red and black horizontal stripes and thinner white bands. This uniform was nicknamed the cobra coral due to its similarity to the pattern of a coral snake. This was the uniform worn when Flamengo won their first Campeonato Carioca title in 1914. The white bands were removed from the shirt in 1916 as the pattern was very similar to the flag of Germany at the time, who Brazil was allied against in World War I. The rowing team permitted the football team to use their same uniform, and Flamengo's traditional football uniform of a red and black striped shirt, white shorts and red-black socks was born.[50]

In 1938, Flamengo manager Dori Kruschner suggested the creation of a secondary white uniform to "improve the visibility in night matches." The new uniform was approved by the club, and Flamengo became a pioneer of secondary uniforms in Brazil. The white shirt had two red and black stripes across the chest until 1979 when it was changed to a plain white chest with stripes on the sleeves. This was the shirt worn by the team that won the 1981 Intercontinental Cup.[50]

Beginning in the 1990s the club began to experiment with their second and third alternative uniforms, sometimes wearing all black or all red shirts.[51] In 1995 for the club's centenary, a "papagaio de vintém" shirt was worn in friendlies.[50] In 2010 uniform supplier Olympikus introduced a blue and gold alternative uniform which paid homage to Flamengo's original colors and regatta uniform, however it was not well-received by fans who likened it to the uniform worn by the fictional satirical team "Tabajara" on the popular comedy program Casseta & Planeta Urgente.[49][52] In the first half of the 2009 season, the team wore a uniform without sponsorship for the first time in 25 years.[50] Flamengo have continued to traditionally wear red and black striped shirts with white shorts as their primary uniform.

Traditional primary uniform
Traditional secondary uniform
2015 "papagaio de vintém" kit
2010 blue and gold alternative kit

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

The following is a list of Flamengo's sponsors and uniform suppliers.[53][54][55][56][57][58][57][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67]

Uniform deals

Uniform supplier Period Contract
announcement
Contract
duration
Value Notes
Adidas
2013–present
2012-12-20
May 1, 2013 – April 30, 2023 (10 years)[68] Total $175.24 million[69]

Stadiums

Rua Paysandu

Flamengo's first official home ground was the Estádio da Rua Paysandu ("Paysandu Street Stadium"). The ground formerly belonged to Paissandu Atlético Clube before they ceased playing football in 1914. The owners of the ground rented the field to Flamengo where they played their home matches from 1915 to 1932.[70] Between 1912 and 1915 (and later between 1932 and 1938), the club played all their matches on the grounds of Botafogo or Fluminense. The first Flamengo match at Rua Paysandu was played on October 31, 1915 in the Campeonato Carioca against Bangu. Crowds of 15,000 watched Flamengo face Fluminese at the park in 1918 and 1919.

Estádio da Gávea

Estádio da Gávea

Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the Estádio da Gávea (officially named the Estádio José Bastos Padilha at Flamengo's Gávea Headquarters), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938, and has a capacity of 4,000 people. The stadium is named after José Bastos Padilha, Flamengo's president at the time of the stadium's construction, from 1933 to 1937. Even though Flamengo no longer play their matches at Gávea, the site serves as the club's administrative headquarters. Since the 1990s, the stadium has been used almost exclusively for the club's youth and women's teams' matches, and as the training ground for the senior team. Most matches are played at the significantly larger Maracanã Stadium, considered by supporters as the real Flamengo home ground.[71] Gávea Stadium is not actually located in the neighborhood of Gávea but rather in Leblon.

During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Dutch National Team used the Estádio da Gávea and all of its facilities as their training ground in preparation for the competition.[72]

Maracanã

Inside view of Maracanã

Since its construction for the 1950 World Cup, the Maracanã has primarily served as the home ground for the four biggest Rio de Janeiro clubs. The stadium was officially completed in 1965, 17 years after construction began. In 1963, more than 194,000 people attended a match between Flamengo and Fluminense at the Maracanã. The capacity of the stadium allowed Flamengo to have the largest support of any clubs in Brazil for much of the 20th century.[73][74] In 1989 Zico scored his final goal in the historic stadium, setting the current unbroken record for goals in the Maracanã at 333. An upper stand in the stadium collapsed on July 19, 1992, in the second match of the finals of 1992 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A between Botafogo and Flamengo, leading to the death of three spectators and injuring 50 others.[75] Following the disaster, the stadium's capacity was greatly reduced as it was converted to an all-seater stadium in the late 1990s. Following its 50th anniversary in 2000, the stadium underwent renovations which would increase its full capacity to around 103,000. After years of planning and nine months of closure between 2005 and 2006 (during which Flamengo played their home matches at Volta Redonda's Estádio Raulino de Oliveira and Portuguesa's Estádio Luso Brasileiro), the stadium was reopened in January 2007 with an all-seated capacity of 87,000. For the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics and Paralympics, a major reconstruction project was initiated in 2010. The original seating bowl, with a two-tier configuration, was demolished, giving way to a new one-tier seating bowl.[76]

The stadium is officially under the management of Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht as of 2013.[77] This has resulted in unfavorable rental agreements for Flamengo who do not officially administer the stadium and often owe rental fees for matches in excess of their ticket revenue, even for matches with high attendance.[78] The most recent rental agreement was signed in 2018 and is valid through 2020. In April 2019, Flamengo and Fluminense came to an agreement with the state and the operators of the Maracanã to serve as joint-managers of the venue for the following six months, a deal which allowed the clubs to pay a fixed monthly fee and receive a higher share of matchday revenue than was granted under the previous deal.[79]

Ilha do Urubu

In 2017, Flamengo played their home matches at the Estádio Luso Brasileiro of Portuguesa while disputing their stadium situation with the Rio de Janeiro state government and Complexo Maracanã Entretenimento S.A. (composed of Odebrecht, IMX, AEG), the operator of the Maracanã Stadium.[80] A three-year agreement was signed with Portuguesa over management of Estádio Luso Brasileiro, named Ilha do Urubu ("Vulture's Island") by Flamengo supporters in a poll.[81] The park was renovated to fit 20,500 spectators. Flamengo started playing at the arena in March 2017,[82] but after several delays and administrative issues and a new contract with the Maracanã, Flamengo broke their lease with the Ilha do Urubu in July 2018.[83]

Rivalries

Supporters celebrating a goal

Rivalry with Vasco da Gama

The Clássico dos Milhões (English: "Derby of Millions") is the traditional Brazilian derby between Flamengo and Vasco da Gama, both from Rio de Janeiro. It is considered one of the biggest rivalries in Brazilian football and in football worldwide. The derby's name originated in the 1920s and refers to the two largest fanbases in the state of Rio de Janeiro.[84] Both clubs were established in the late 19th century as regatta rowing clubs. The first football match between the clubs was played in 1923 when Vasco entered the top division of the Carioca state league. From the 1972 to 2001, the matchup was elevated as the most important of Flamengo's rivalries (surpassing Fluminense) and became one of the biggest rivalries in all of Brazil. In this span, Flamengo and Vasco played in or won the final of each of the phases of the state championship nearly every year, frequently facing one another. This also coincided with the beginnings of the national Campeonato Brasileiero and the growth in popularity of both clubs nationwide. The most iconic matches between Flamengo and Vasco featured the idols of both clubs challenging each other: Zico of Flamengo (1971–83; 85–89) and Roberto Dinamite of Vasco da Gama (1971–79; 80–93).

Rivalry with Fluminense

The rivalry between these two clubs began in October 1911 when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense left their club and joined Flamengo, establishing the football department at their new club. The first Fla–Flu ever was played the following year on July 7. Fluminense won the match 3–2, with 800 people in attendance.[85] Flamengo and Fluminense are the two most successful team in the Campeonato Carioca: as of 2019 Flamengo have 35 state league titles and Fluminense have 31. In 1963, the Maracanã held 194,603 spectators to watch the Fla-Flu match.

Rivalry with Botafogo

The first confrontation between Rio de Janeiro rivals Flamengo and Botafogo occurred in 1913. The match became known as the Clássico da Rivaldade (English: "Rivalry Classic") in the 1960s. Flamengo's mascot of the vulture originated during the June 1, 1969 match against Botafogo when Flamengo supporters released a vulture onto the field in response to the racist cheers of urubu (vulture) from the Botafogo supporters.[86] Flamengo's top scorer in the derby is Zico and Botafogo's top scorer is Heleno de Freitas.

Rivalry with Atlético Mineiro

Flamengo has an inter-state rivalry with Atlético Mineiro of Minas Gerais, developed in the 1980s from numerous controversial encounters between the two clubs in that decade's Campeonato Brasileiero and Copa Libertadores editions. It maintained its high intensity through the following years, and is considered one of the biggest interstate rivalries in Brazilian football.[87][88][89]

Supporters

Flamengo supporters at Maracanã stadium.

Since the early 1990s, surveys have shown that Flamengo is consistently the most supported club in Brazil with an estimated more than 30 million fans.[90] In a 2018 survey, 23% of football fans in Brazil consider themselves supporters of Flamengo, with high levels of support in the North and Northeast regions, in addition to Rio de Janeiro.[2] Flamengo supporters are known as Nação Rubro-Negra (English: Red-Black Nation).

The first organized supporters group in all of Brazil, Charanga Rubro-Negra, was founded in support of Flamengo in 1942.[91] Since then, a large number of additional organized supporters groups have formed around Flamengo, notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Urubuzada, Flamanguaça, and Raça Rubro-Negra.

In 2007 Flamengo supporters were declared as part of the cultural heritage of the city of Rio de Janeiro, along with bossa nova and Bola Preta, the oldest Carnival block in Rio.[92]

In the 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final, Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã in front of an official crowd of 155,523 with some estimates of over 160,000 people in attendance. The largest ever attendance for a Flamengo match was against Fluminense in 1963 with 194,603 spectators. Flamengo matches in the Maracanã have broken the 150,000 attendance mark thirteen times.

Players

First team squad

As of September 30, 2019[93]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Diego Alves
2 Brazil DF Rodinei
3 Brazil DF Rodrigo Caio
4 Spain DF Pablo Marí
5 Brazil MF Willian Arão
6 Brazil DF Renê
7 Brazil MF Éverton Ribeiro
8 Brazil MF Gerson
9 Brazil FW Gabriel (on loan from Inter Milan)
10 Brazil MF Diego
11 Brazil FW Vitinho
13 Brazil DF Rafinha
14 Uruguay MF Giorgian De Arrascaeta
16 Brazil DF Filipe Luís
No. Position Player
17 Brazil MF Hugo Moura
19 Brazil MF Reinier
22 Brazil GK Gabriel Batista
23 Brazil FW Lucas Silva
25 Paraguay MF Robert Piris Da Motta
26 Brazil DF Matheus Thuler
27 Brazil FW Bruno Henrique
28 Colombia FW Orlando Berrío
29 Brazil FW Lincoln
32 Brazil DF João Lucas
37 Brazil GK César
44 Brazil DF Rhodolfo
54 Brazil FW Vitor Gabriel
55 Brazil DF Matheus Dantas

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Thiago (on loan to América-MG)
Brazil GK Alex Muralha (on loan to Coritiba)
Brazil DF Patrick (on loan to Midtjylland)
Brazil DF Kléber (on loan to Tokyo Verdy)
Brazil MF Matheus Sávio (on loan to Kashiwa Reysol)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Ronaldo (on loan to Bahia)
Brazil MF Rômulo (on loan to Grêmio)
Brazil FW Bill (on loan to Ponte Preta)
Brazil FW Gabriel (on loan to Kashiwa Reysol)
Brazil FW Thiago Santos (on loan to Chapecoense)

Retired numbers

12Brazil Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*) (**).

(*) In spite of having its number "12" retired, Flamengo has to re-issue it for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 30 consecutively.[94]

Football honors

The trophies won by Flamengo, exhibited at the club.
International
Competitions Titles Seasons
Intercontinental Cup 1 1981
Continental
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Libertadores 1 1981
Copa Mercosur 1 1999
Copa de Oro 1 1996
National
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 5 1980, 1982, 1983, 1992, 2009
Copa do Brasil 3 1990, 2006, 2013[95]
Copa União 1 1987
Copa dos Campeões 1 2001
Inter-state
Competitions Titles Seasons
Torneio Rio – São Paulo 1 1961[96]
State
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Carioca 35 record 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (Especial), 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2017, 2019[97]

Records

Average attendance

Below is Flamengo's average home match attendance in Campeonato Brasileiero league matches since the current league format was adopted in 2003.

Season Division Matches Total attendance Avg. attendance Main stadium
2003 Série A 23 253,460 11,020 Estádio do Maracanã
2004 Série A 23 239,361 10,407 Estádio Raulino de Oliveira
2005 Série A 21 286,797 13,657 Arena Petrobras
2006 Série A 19 298,509 15,711 Estádio do Maracanã
2007 Série A 19 798,285 42,015 Estádio do Maracanã
2008 Série A 19 830,984 43,736 Estádio do Maracanã
2009 Série A 19 761,406 40,074 Estádio do Maracanã
2010 Série A 19 359,955 18,945 Engenhão
2011 Série A 19 371,374 19,546 Engenhão
2012 Série A 19 265,164 13,956 Engenhão
2013 Série A 19 500,650 26,350 Estádio do Maracanã
2014 Série A 19 575,126 30,270 Estádio do Maracanã
2015 Série A 19 598,538 31,502 Estádio do Maracanã
2016 Série A 19 483,781 25,462 Estádio Kléber Andrade
2017 Série A 19 314,812 16,569 Ilha do Urubu
2018 Série A 19 936,759 49,303 Estádio do Maracanã
2019 Série A Estádio do Maracanã
Total 314 7,874,961 25,079

Domestic results

Below are Flamengo's results in domestic competitions since the first officially recognized Brazilian national championship tournament in 1959.

Domestic results since 1959
National league League result Rio de Janeiro state league League result Copa do Brasil Cup result
2019 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A TBD 2019 Champions 2019 Quarter-finals
2018 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2nd 2018 3rd (Semi-finals) 2018 Semi-finals
2017 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 6th 2017 Champions 2017 Runners-up
2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 3rd 2016 4th (Semi-finals) 2016 2nd preliminary round
2015 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 12th 2015 3rd (Semi-finals) 2015 Round of 16
2014 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 10th 2014 Champions 2014 Semi-finals
2013 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 16th 2013 2nd 2013 Champions
2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 11th 2012 3rd (Semi-finals) 2012 Did not participate
2011 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 4th 2011 Champions 2011 Quarter-finals
2010 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 14th 2010 Runners-up (finals) 2010 Did not participate
2009 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1st 2009 Champions 2009 Quarter-finals
2008 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 5th 2008 Champions 2008 Did not participate
2007 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 3rd 2007 Champions 2007 Did not participate
2006 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 11th 2006 11th 2006 Champions
2005 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 15th / 22 2005 8th 2005 3rd preliminary round
2004 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 17th / 24 2004 Champions 2004 Runners-up
2003 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 8th / 24 2003 3rd (Semi-finals) 2003 Runners-up
2002 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 18th / 26 (missed knockout stage) 2002 8th / 12 (Group stage) 2002 Did not participate
2001 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 24th / 28 (missed knockout stage) 2001 Champions 2001 Quarter-finals
2000 Copa João Havelange Group stage - Blue group (15th / 25) 2000 Champions 2000 Quarter-finals
1999 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 12th / 22 (missed knockout stage) 1999 Champions 1999 Quarter-finals
1998 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 11th / 22 (missed knockout stage) 1998 2nd 1998 Round of 16
1997 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 5th / 26 (second stage) 1997 5th 1997 Runners-up
1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 13th / 24 (missed second stage) 1996 Champions 1996 Semi-finals
1995 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 21st / 24 (missed knockout stage) 1995 2nd 1995 Semi-finals
1994 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 14th / 24 (second stage) 1994 2nd 1994 Did not qualify
1993 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 8th / 32 (second stage) 1993 3rd 1993 Semi-finals
1992 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1st / 20 (final) 1992 2nd 1992 Did not qualify
1991 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 9th / 20 (missed knockout stage) 1991 Champions 1991 Did not qualify
1990 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 11th / 20 (missed knockout stage) 1990 4th 1990 Champions
1989 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 9th / 22 (second stage) 1989 Runners-up (finals) 1989 Semi-finals
1988 Copa Brasil 6th / 24 (quarter-final) 1988 Runners-up (finals) Competition not yet formed.
1987 Copa Brasil 1st - Copa União / Green Module 1987 2nd
1986 Copa Brasil 13th / 48 (round of 16) 1986 Champions
1985 Taça de Ouro 9th / 44 (second stage) 1985 3rd
1984 Copa Brasil 5th / 41 (quarter-final) 1984 2nd
1983 Taça de Ouro 1st / 44 (final) 1983 2nd
1982 Taça de Ouro 1st / 44 (final) 1982 2nd
1981 Taça de Ouro 6th / 44 (quarter-final) 1981 Champions
1980 Copa Brasil 1st / 44 (final) 1980 3rd
1979 Copa Brasil 12th / 94 (third phase) 1979 Champions
1979 Especial Champions
1978 Copa Brasil 16th / 74 (third phase) 1978 Champions
1977 Copa Brasil 9th / 62 (third phase) 1977 2nd
1976 Copa Brasil 5th / 54 (third phase) 1976 5th
1975 Copa Brasil 7th / 42 (third phase) 1975 4th
1974 Campeonato Nacional de Clubes 6th / 40 (second phase) 1974 Champions
1973 Campeonato Nacional de Clubes 24th / 40 (first phase) 1973 Runners-up (finals)
1972 Campeonato Nacional de Clubes 12th / 26 (second phase) 1972 Champions
1971 Campeonato Nacional de Clubes 14th / 20 (first phase) 1971 4th
1970 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 6th / 17 (first phase) 1970 5th
1969 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 16th / 17 (first phase) 1969 2nd
1968 Taça Brasil Did not participate 1968 3rd
1968 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 15th / 17 (first phase)
1967 Taça Brasil Did not participate 1967 6th
1967 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa 11th / 15 (first phase)
1966 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1966 2nd
1965 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1965 Champions
1964 Taça Brasil 2nd (final) 1964 3rd
1963 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1963 Champions
1962 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1962 2nd
1961 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1961 2nd
1960 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1960 4th
1959 Taça Brasil Did not qualify 1959 6th

International results

Below are Flamengo's results in official South American competitions since the club's first qualification to the Copa Libertadores in 1981. Flamengo's participation in the 1981 Intercontinental Cup is also included. Group stage match results are listed with the home match first.

As of August 28, 2019
Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD Win%
Copa Libertadores 123 63 28 32 225 143 +82 051.22
Copa Sudamericana 24 10 7 7 37 30 +7 041.67
Copa Mercosur 38 18 10 10 73 45 +28 047.37
Supercopa Libertadores 46 21 11 14 60 47 +13 045.65
Copa de Oro 2 2 0 0 5 2 +3 100.00
Intercontinental Cup 1 1 0 0 3 0 +3 100.00
Total 234 115 56 63 403 267 +136 049.15
International competitive match results since 1981
Season Competition Round Opponent Results Competition result
2019 Copa Libertadores Group stage Bolivia San José 6–1, 1–0
Ecuador LDU Quito 3–1, 1–2
Uruguay Peñarol 0–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Ecuador Emelec 0–2 (A), 2–0 (4−2p) (H)
Quarter-finals Brazil Internacional 2–0 (H), 1–1 (A)
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio
2018 Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina River Plate 2–2, 0–0 Round of 16
Ecuador Emelec 2–0, 2–1
Colombia Santa Fe 1–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Brazil Cruzeiro 0–2 (H), 1–0 (A)
2017 Copa Sudamericana Second stage Chile Palestino 5–2 (A), 5–0 (H) Runners-up
Round of 16 Brazil Chapecoense 0–0 (A), 4–0 (H)
Quarter-finals Brazil Fluminense 1–0 (A*), 3–3 (H*)
Semi-finals Colombia Junior 2–1 (H), 2–0 (A)
Finals Argentina Independiente 1–2 (A), 1–1 (H)
Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina San Lorenzo 4–0, 1–2 Group stage
Chile Universidad Católica 3–1, 0–1
Brazil Atlético Paranaense 2–1, 1–2
2016 Copa Sudamericana Second stage Brazil Figueirense 2–4 (A), 3–1 (H) Round of 16
Round of 16 Chile Palestino 1–0 (A), 1–2 (H)
2014 Copa Libertadores Group stage Mexico León 2–3, 1–2 Group stage
Ecuador Emelec 3–1, 2–1
Bolivia Bolívar 2–2, 0–1
2012 Copa Libertadores Group stage Argentina Lanús 3–0, 1–1 Group stage
Ecuador Emelec 1–0, 2–3
Paraguay Olimpia 3–3, 2–3
2011 Copa Sudamericana Second stage Brazil Atlético Paranaense 1–0 (H), 1–0 (A) Round of 16
Round of 16 Chile Universidad de Chile 0–4 (H), 0–1 (A)
2010 Copa Libertadores Group stage Chile Universidad Católica 2–0, 2–2 Quarter-finals
Venezuela Caracas 3–2, 3–1
Chile Universidad de Chile 2–2, 1–2
Round of 16 Brazil Corinthians 1–0 (H), 1–2 (A)
Quarter-finals Chile Universidad de Chile 2–3 (H), 2–1 (A)
2009 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Fluminense 0–0 (A*), 1–1 (H*) First stage
2008 Copa Libertadores Group stage Peru Coronel Bolognesi 2–0, 0–0 Round of 16
Peru Cienciano 2–1, 3–0
Uruguay Nacional 2–0, 0–3
Round of 16 Mexico América 4–2 (A), 0–3 (H)
2007 Copa Libertadores Group stage Bolivia Real Potosí 1–0, 2–2 Round of 16
Venezuela Unión Maracaibo 3–1, 2–1
Brazil Paraná Clube 1–0, 1–0
Round of 16 Uruguay Defensor 0–3 (A), 2–0 (H)
2004 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Santos 0–0 (A), 2−2 (5−4p) (H) First stage
2003 Copa Sudamericana First stage Brazil Internacional 1–3 (A) First stage
Brazil Santos 0–3 (H)
2002 Copa Libertadores Group stage Paraguay Olimpia 0–0, 0–2 Group stage
Chile Universidad Católica 1–3, 1–2
Colombia Once Caldas 4–1, 0–1
2001 Copa Mercosul Group stage Uruguay Nacional 2–0, 1–4 Runners-up
Argentina San Lorenzo 2–1, 2–1
Paraguay Olimpia 2–0 (w/o), 2–0
Quarter-finals Argentina Independiente 0–0 (A), 4–0 (H)
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio 2–2 (H), 0−0 (4−1p) (A)
Finals Argentina San Lorenzo 0–0 (H), 1−1 (3−4p) (A)
2000 Copa Mercosul Group stage Argentina River Plate 1–2, 1–1 Quarter-finals
Chile Universidad de Chile 2–0, 4–0
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 2–0, 1–1
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 1–2 (H), 3–4 (A)
1999 Copa Mercosul Group stage Paraguay Olimpia 2–1, 1–3 Champions
Chile Colo-Colo 2–2, 4–0
Chile Universidad de Chile 7–0, 0–2
Quarter-finals Argentina Independiente 1–1 (A), 4–0 (H)
Semi-finals Uruguay Peñarol 3–0 (H), 2–3 (A)
Finals Brazil Palmeiras 4–3 (H), 3–3 (A)
1998 Copa Mercosul Group stage Paraguay Cerro Porteño 2–0, 3–2 Group stage
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 2–0, 0–1
Argentina Boca Juniors 0–2, 0–3
1997 Supercopa Libertadores Group stage Brazil São Paulo 3–2, 0–1 Group stage
Paraguay Olimpia 3–3, 1–0
Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 0–1, 3–0
1996 Copa de Oro Semi-finals Argentina Rosario Central 2–1 (N) Champions
Finals Brazil São Paulo 3–1 (N)
Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Independiente 0–0 (A), 1–0 (H) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Chile Colo-Colo 1–1 (H), 0–1 (A)
1995 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Vélez Sarsfield 3–2 (A), 3–0 (H) Runners-up
Quarter-finals Uruguay Nacional 1–0 (A), 1–0 (H)
Semi-finals Brazil Cruzeiro 1–0 (A), 3–1 (H)
Finals Argentina Independiente 0–2 (A), 1–0 (H)
1994 Supercopa Libertadores Round of 16 Argentina Estudiantes 0–0 (H), 0–2 (A) Round of 16
1993 Supercopa Libertadores First round Paraguay Olimpia 0–1 (A), 3–1 (H) Runners-up
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 1–2 (A), 1−0 (6−5p) (H)
Semi-finals Uruguay Nacional 2–1 (H), 3–0 (A)
Finals Brazil São Paulo 2–2 (H), 2−2 (3−5p) (A)
Copa Libertadores Group stage Colombia América de Cali 1–3, 1–2 Quarter-finals
Colombia Atlético Nacional 3–1, 1–0
Brazil Internacional 3–1, 0–0
Round of 16 Venezuela Minervén 8–2 (H), 1–0 (A)
Quarter-finals Brazil São Paulo 1–1 (H), 0–2 (A)
1992 Supercopa Libertadores First round Brazil Grêmio 1–1 (A), 1–0 (H) Semi-finals
Quarter-finals Argentina Estudiantes 1–0 (H), 1–1 (A)
Semi-finals Argentina Racing 3–3 (H), 0–1 (A)
1991 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Estudiantes 1–1 (H), 2–0 (A) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Argentina River Plate 0–1 (A), 2–1 (3−4p) (H)
Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Corinthians 1–1, 2–0 Quarter-finals
Uruguay Bella Vista 1–1, 2–2
Uruguay Nacional 4–0, 1–0
Round of 16 Venezuela Deportivo Táchira 3–2 (A), 5–0 (H)
Quarter-finals Argentina Boca Juniors 2–1 (H), 0–3 (A)
1990 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Argentinos Juniors 1–3 (A), 3–1 (3-4p) (H) First round
1989 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Argentinos Juniors 0–1 (H), 1–2 (A) First round
1988 Supercopa Libertadores First round Argentina Estudiantes 1–1 (A), 3–0 (H) Quarter-finals
Quarter-finals Uruguay Nacional 0–3 (A), 0–2 (H)
1984 Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Santos 4–1, 5–0 Semi-finals
Colombia América de Cali 4–2, 1–1
Colombia Junior 3–1, 2–1
Semi-finals Brazil Grêmio 3–1, 1–5, 0–0* (N)
Venezuela Universidad de Los Andes 2–1, 3–0
1983 Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Grêmio 1–3, 1–1 Group stage
Bolivia Blooming 7–1, 0–0
Bolivia Bolívar 5–2, 1–3
1982 Copa Libertadores Semi-finals Uruguay Peñarol 0–1, 0–1 Semi-finals
Argentina River Plate 4–2, 3–0
1981 Intercontinental Cup Final England Liverpool 3–0 (N) Champions
Copa Libertadores Group stage Brazil Atlético Mineiro 2–2, 2–2, 0–0* (N) Champions
Paraguay Cerro Porteño 5–2, 4–2
Paraguay Olimpia 1–1, 0–0
Semi-finals Colombia Deportivo Cali 3–0, 1–0
Bolivia Jorge Wilstermann 4–1, 2–1
Finals Chile Cobreloa 2–1 (H), 0–1 (A), 2–0 (N)

(H) – Home ; (A) – Away; (N) – Neutral

Personnel

Current staff

As of June 20, 2019[98]
Position Name
Coaching staff
Manager Portugal Jorge Jesus
Assistant manager Portugal João de Deus
Assistant manager Portugal Tiago Oliveira
Personal trainer Portugal Mário Monteiro
Personal trainer Portugal Marcio Sampaio
Goalkeepers trainer Brazil Wagner Miranda
Goalkeepers trainer Brazil Nielsen Elias
Medical staff
Physical trainer Brazil Alexandre Sanz
Physical trainer Brazil Daniel Felix
Physical trainer Brazil Roberto Oliveira Junior
Physical trainer Brazil Fábio Eiras
Team doctor Brazil Marcio Tannure
Team doctor Brazil João Marcelo
Team doctor Brazil Gustavo Caldeira
Team doctor Brazil Serafim Borges
Team doctor Brazil Luiz Claudio Baldi
Physiotherapists Brazil Fred Manhães
Physiotherapists Brazil Mario Peixoto
Physiotherapists Brazil Walteriano da Silva
Physiotherapists Brazil Fabiano Bastas
Accompanying staff
Director of football Brazil Carlos Noval
Team manager Brazil Paulo Pelaipe
Players supervisor Brazil Gabriel Skinner
Youth transition coordinator Brazil Leonardo Inácio
Communications manager Brazil Leonardo André
Press officer Brazil Marcelo Flaeschen

Current board of directors

As of March 14, 2019[99]
Office Name
President Brazil Rodolfo Landim
Vice-president Brazil Rodrigo Villaça Dunshee de Abranches
Vice-president of administration Brazil Jaime Correia da Silva
Vice-president of communications and marketing Brazil Gustavo Carvalho de Oliveira
Vice-president of Olympic sports Brazil Delano Octavio J. Franco
Vice-president of finance Brazil Wallim Cruz de Vasconcellos Junior
Vice-president of Fla-Gávea Brazil Gustavo Gomes Fernandes
Vice-President of football Brazil Marcos Teixeira Braz
Vice-president of the presidential cabinet Brazil Adalberto Ribeiro da Silva Neto
Vice-president of heritage Brazil Gilney Penna Bastos
Vice-president of historic heritage Brazil Roberto Magalhães Diniz
Vice-president of planning Brazil Arthur Rocha Neto
Vice-president of external relations Brazil Luiz Eduardo Baptista Pinto da Rocha
Vice-president of rowing Brazil Raul Bagattini
Vice-president of the general secretary Brazil Paulo Cesar dos Santos Pereira Filho
Vice-president of information technology Brazil Alexandre de Souza Pinto

List of Flamengo presidents

Below is the presidential history of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo.[100] The club had dozens of presidents, with variable permanence time. From 1895 to 1932, the terms lasted one year, from 1933 to 1956 two years, from 1957 to 1968 three years, from 1969 to 2000 was again two years and starting from 2001 again three years.

Other sports

Men's basketball

Flamengo basketball won the Rio de Janeiro City Championship in 1919 and have since grown to be one of the most successful and supported basketball teams in the country. The club have won six Brazilian Championships, a record 44 Rio de Janeiro State Championships, the 1953 South American Championship of Champions Clubs, and the 2009 South American League.[101]

In 2014, Flamengo won the League of the Americas without a single loss, defeating Pinheiros in the final.[102] This qualified Flamengo to their first Intercontinental Cup against EuroLeague champions Maccabi Tel Aviv. Flamengo won and became the second Brazilian basketball team in history to be world champions.[103] Flamengo, Real Madrid and Barcelona are the only clubs to have won the Intercontinental Cups in both football and basketball.[104]

Flamengo hosted and participated in the 2019 FIBA Intercontinental Cup, falling to BCL champions AEK Athens in the final.

Honours

2009, 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16, 2018-19
2008
2014
2014

Women's football

Between 1995 and 2001, the Flamengo women's football team competed in the Campeonato Carioca. In 2002 the women's Carioca tournament was not organized, and the club ceased operation of the team. Flamengo attempted to re-established their women's professional football department in 2011 through a partnership with the city of Guarujá where the team trained and hoped to sign Marta, but the team never materialized.[105][106] In 2015 president Eduardo Bandeira de Mello succeeded in establishing the football team through a partnership with the Brazilian Navy. In their first season, the team won the women's Campeonato Carioca state championship and have won it every season from 2015 to 2018. In 2016 Flamengo won the Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol Feminino for the first time against Rio Preto, become the only club outside the state of São Paulo to win the tournament since its creation in 2013.[107] Flamengo also competed in the 2016 and 2017 Copa do Brasil de Futebol Feminino before the cancellation of the competition in favor of the Campeonato Brasileiro.

Honors

2016
2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Women's basketball

The Flamengo women's basketball team won back-to-back Brazilian championships in 1954 and 1955. Ten years later with some of the same players, the program won back-to-back Brazilian titles again in 1964 and 1965. Flamengo players Norminha, Angelina, Marlene and Delei were champions of the 1967 Pan American Games in Winnipeg with the Brazil women's national basketball team.

In 1966 Flamengo won the Inter-club Basketball World Championship. The team was led by Angelina, considered one of the best players of her time.[108]

Rowing

One of the firsts rowing teams of the club, in 1896.

The "Flamengo Regatta Group", later renamed the "Flamengo Regatta Club", was established in 1895 as Flamengo's first ever organized athletic department, forming the basis of the club's history and identity to this day. The first regatta victory came in 1898 in the Nautical Championship of Brazil, and the first title was won in 1900, the Regatta of the IV Centenary of the Discovery of Brazil, for which the club was awarded the Jug Tropon trophy. In 1905 the club won a classic event, the South American Cup. By 1908, Flamengo had already won 43 gold, 126 silver and 141 bronze medals. The success of the rowing club made the team famous even before the founding of the football department in 1911. Great rowers such as Everardo Paes de Lima, Arnaldo Voigt, Alfredo Correia ("Boca Larga"), Ângelo Gammaro ("Angelú") and Antônio Rebello Junior ("Engole Garfo") came through Flamengo, the latter three being considered Brazilian sports heroes for completing the Rio-Santos crossing in 1932.

From 1931 to 1937 Flamengo were seven-time champions of Rio de Janeiro, and were four-time repeat state champions from 1940 to 1943. In 1963 the "Buck era" began, which revolutionized Flamengo rowing. The coach brought in athletes from other states and renovated the club's facilities to better accommodate the boats. Buck was coach of the Brazilian National Team, directing the team in several international competitions. In the early 1980s, Flamengo won the state championship and won again in 1992. The club has won the men's Brazil Trophy 10 times, and the female once, in addition to 45 Carioca state titles.

Water polo

Water polo is the second oldest sport practiced by the club, after rowing. The team played their first game on May 27, 1913 in Rio de Janeiro, and defeated Clube Internacional de Regatas, 3–2. Flamengo only opened its water sports facility in 1965. Prior to that, athletes played and trained in the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon or in the sea. Flamengo's first polo championship in Rio de Janeiro came in 1985 and was the start of a run of nine consecutive championships through 1993. In 1985 the club won the South American Club Championship and the Brazil Trophy (also won four consecutive times). A female water polo team was established in 1987, winning the Brazil Trophy in 1987 and 1991 and the state championship in 1995.

American football

The club launched their American football team in 2013, forming a partnership with the Rio de Janeiro Emperors. The Emperors were established in 2008 and had previously partnered with Fluminense from 2010 to 2013. The team officially goes by the name of the Flamengo Emperors and compete in the BFA (Brasil Futebol Americano).[109]

Tennis

Flamengo began playing tennis championships in 1916 and became three-time Rio champions soon after (1916-18), even with their athletes training at other clubs. Until 1932 the club practiced tennis on their football field at the Rua Paysandu. In 1963 the club inaugurated their own facilities and courts. The biggest idol of Flamengo's tennis department is Thomas Koch.

E-sports

In 2017 the club announced they would be entering the increasingly popular e-sports leagues the following year, beginning with a League of Legends department and eventually establishing a PES team. Because the competitive League of Legends center of Brazil is at the Riot Games studio in São Paulo, Flamengo established a permanent "gaming office" for the team in the city.[110] Flamengo announced that they would not be partnering with an existing team but rather would have their own team. In October 2017 they announced the purchase of Merciless Gaming, a team in the 2nd division of the Brazilian League of Legends championship.[111]

Additional sports departments

See also

Footnotes

References

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External links