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Climate change in Turkey
Effects of global warming on the Eurasian country and adaptation to it
This article is about the effects of global warming on the Eurasian country and adaptation to it. For gases which contribute to global warming, and their mitigation, see Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey.
Turkey is forecast to be more severely effected than many other countries, but effects will vary considerably across the regions of the country.
The weather is becoming more extreme. During the 21st century temperatures are forecast to rise by 2-3 °C on average and precipitation to significantly reduce. However, as well as more droughts more floods are predicted, due to rain falling instead of snow. The worst case is a 7 degree rise by 2100.
Wildfires have increased due to climate change.
Unless global emissions are greatly reduced agriculture in Turkey, such as wheat, is expected to be severely affected after the late 2030s especially in areas with rain fed agriculture. Arid and semi-arid areas are at risk of desertification. Irrigated agriculture will decline as water stress increases and increasing food imports will hit Turkey's trade balance. Damage to agriculture  is predicted to greatly increase. Pine nut production has been severely reduced.
Loss in Gross Domestic Product per capita by 2100 is forecast to be less than 1% for slight global warming (RCP 2.6 Scenario) but almost 8% for severe global warming (RCP 8.5 Scenario).
Muslim environmentalists and academics quote the Quran in support of their environmentalism, and in Istanbul in 2015 Islamic leaders urged the world's 1.6 billion Muslims to help defeat climate change.
The arts are raising awareness of climate change and education is supported by the EU.
In 2019 the OECD recommended that adaptation efforts be increased, an international conference on local actions was held, and work on 12 regional adaptation plans continued. Protection of water resources and soil quality have been considered, however Turkey has yet to submit a National Adaptation Plan to the UNFCCC.
^Baldasso, V.; Soncini, A.; Azzoni, R.S.; et al. (2018). "Recent evolution of glaciers in Western Asia in response to global warming: the case study of Mount Ararat, Turkey". Theor Appl Climatol. doi:10.1007/s00704-018-2581-7.
^ abcDudu, Hasan; Çakmak, Erol H. (2018). "Climate change and agriculture: an integrated approach to evaluate economy-wide effects for Turkey". Climate and Development. 10 (3): 275–288. doi:10.1080/17565529.2017.1372259.
^Yalcin, Fatma Aggul; Yalcin, Mehmet (2017). "Turkish Primary Science Teacher Candidates' Understandings of Global Warming and Ozone Layer Depletion". Journal of Education and Training Studies. 5 (10): 218. doi:10.11114/jets.v5i10.2225.
^Aksoy, Niyazi; Gok, Ozge Solak; Mutlu, Halim; Kılınc, Gizem (2015). "CO2 Emission from Geothermal Power Plants in Turkey". Proceedings World Geothermal Congress.