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Church of the Messiah (Manhattan)

The Second Congregational Church in New York[1]
Detailed drawing of a Greek Revival style church.
The congregation's first church
Church of the Messiah (Manhattan) is located in New York
Church of the Messiah (Manhattan)
Location within New York
General information
Architectural styleGreek Revival[3]
LocationNW corner of Mercer and Prince Streets[4]
InauguratedThanksgiving Day, Thursday, December 7, 1826[5]
DestroyedSunday morning, November 26, 1837 (burned to ground)[6]
Design and construction
ArchitectJosiah R. Brady[7]
The Church of the Messiah[8]
Detailed drawing of a “semi-Gothic” style church.
The congregation's second church
General information
Architectural style"Semi-Gothic"[13]
Location728-30 Broadway, at Waverly Place, New York City[9]
InauguratedMay 2, 1839[10]
DestroyedDecember 23, 1884 by fire[11]
Cost$90,000[12]
The Church of the Messiah
Photograph of a Gothic Revival style church.
The congregation's third church
Alternative namesCommunity Church of New York (as of 1919)[14]
General information
Architectural styleVictorian Romanesque[19]
LocationNW corner Park Avenue and 34th Street[16]
Inaugurated1867[15]
Demolished1930[18]
Design and construction
ArchitectCarl Pfeiffer[17]

The Second Congregational Church in New York, organized in 1825, was a Unitarian congregation which had three permanent homes in Manhattan, the second of which became a theater after they left it. In 1919 the congregation became non-denominational and changed its name to Community Church of New York.[20] The same year, its church on 34th Street was damaged by fire.[21] Since 1948 the congregation has been located at 40 East 35th Street, in a sanctuary shared with the Metropolitan Synagogue of New York.[22]

The Church of the Messiah at 728-730 Broadway, near Waverly Place, was dedicated in 1839 and operated as such until 1864. In January 1865 it was sold to department store magnate A. T. Stewart and converted into a theater which subsequently operated under a series of names, ending with The New Theatre Comique. It burned down in 1884.[23]

Theater Names

1868 drawing of a street scene in front of the altered but recognizable exterior of the 1839 church
728-30 Broadway in 1867
  • 1865 – Athenaeum
  • 1865 – Lucy Rushton's Theatre
  • 1866 – New York Theatre
  • 1867 – The Worrell Sisters' New York Theatre
  • 1868 – New York Theatre
  • 1868 – The Worrell Sisters' Theatre
  • 1870 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1871 – Nixon's Amphitheatre
  • 1872 – The Broadway Theatre
  • 1873 – Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre
  • 1873 – Daly's Broadway Theatre
  • 1874 – Fox's Broadway Theatre
  • 1874 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1876 – Heller's Wonder Theatre
  • 1877 – Wood's Theatre
  • 1877 – Neil Bryant's Opera House
  • 1877 – National Theatre
  • 1878 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1879 – The New York Circus
  • 1879 – The Broadway Novelty Theatre
  • 1881 – The New Theatre Comique
  • 1884 – Destroyed by fire
Photograph of the building in a different alteration, with a few people in front watching the photo being taken
As the Globe Theatre

References

  1. ^ Dewey, p. 28
  2. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  3. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  4. ^ Dunlap, Map E [E86]
  5. ^ CCNY
  6. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  7. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  8. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  9. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church" and Perris, in which the church is mislabeled "Presbyterian."
  10. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  11. ^ Brown, p. 398
  12. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  13. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  14. ^ NYT-1
  15. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  16. ^ Dunlap, Map H [H6]
  17. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  18. ^ CCNY
  19. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  20. ^ NYT-1
  21. ^ NYT-2
  22. ^ CCNY
  23. ^ Greenleaf, pp. 375-6; Dunlap, "Community Church;" Stern, p. 35; Brown, pp. 376-98; MPW; and IBDB

Further reading

External links