|New York City Subway station (rapid transit)|
|Address||Church Avenue & McDonald Avenue|
Brooklyn, NY 11218
|Line||IND Culver Line|
|Services||F (all times) <F> (two rush hour trains, peak direction) |
G (all times)
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: B35, B67, B69, B103|
|Platforms||2 island platforms|
|Opened||October 7, 1933|
|Passengers (2018)||3,099,383 1.6%|
|Rank||160 out of 424|
|Next north||Seventh Avenue (express): <F> |
Fort Hamilton Parkway (local): F G
|Next south||(Terminal): G |
Ditmas Avenue (local): F <F>
18th Avenue (express): no regular service
|Next north||Queens Plaza (via Crosstown): no regular service|
Jay Street–MetroTech (via Culver): F <F>
|Next south||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue: F <F> |
Church Avenue is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway. Located at Church and McDonald Avenues in Kensington, Brooklyn, it is served by the F and G trains at all times (the latter of which terminates here), and by the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction.
The Church Avenue station was the original southern terminus of the IND Culver Line, which was built as part of Mayor John Hylan's Independent Subway System (IND) to Coney Island. The line was planned to be extended to the south via a connection to the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT)'s Culver Line. To connect this line to the Eighth Avenue Line – the main trunk of the IND – a subway line was to run from Brooklyn Borough Hall south under Jay Street, Smith Street, Ninth Street, and several other streets to Cortelyou Road (later Church Avenue) and McDonald Avenue, just north of the Ditmas Avenue elevated station. A ramp would then lead onto the elevated BMT Culver Line. As originally designed, service to and from Manhattan would have been exclusively provided by Culver express trains, while all local service would have fed into the IND Crosstown Line. On October 7, 1933, this station opened as the new terminal of the line, as the line was extended from Bergen Street.
Construction on the Culver Ramp, also referred to as the Culver Line Connection, between this station and the Ditmas Avenue station began in June 1941, and was expected to be completed by the end of the year. The ramp was expected to cost $2 million, and along with new signals, and rehabilitation of the Culver elevated and lengthening of its stations to IND standards, the total cost of the project was estimated at over $11 million. Though the ramp was nearly complete, including rails and signal work, construction was halted later that year because of America's entrance into World War II. When the project was restarted in 1946, completion was delayed further due to continued material shortages and a lack of rolling stock to facilitate the new service. On October 30, 1954, the connection between the IND Brooklyn Line at Church Avenue and the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue opened, allowing IND trains to operate all the way to the Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue terminal.
In 1958, there was a program in which subway riders could get their clothes ironed at the station for a fee.
On August 2, 1974, a robbery suspect was killed by a plainclothes police officer in the station. The former was suspected to have robbed a token booth in the station shortly beforehand.
Upon the station's 1933 opening, service was initially provided by the Eighth Avenue Express A. In 1936, the A was rerouted to the IND Fulton Street Line and E trains from the Queens Boulevard line replaced them. E trains were replaced by the F on December 15, 1940 after the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. When the Culver Ramp opened in 1954, D Concourse Express trains (which formerly terminated in Manhattan) replaced F service.
On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened and D trains were rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge and the BMT Brighton Line to Coney Island. F trains were extended once again via the Culver Line. The center tracks at the station were used for F express service from June 1968 to 1976, and for G trains, which were extended from Smith–Ninth Streets to Church Avenue to provide local service.
In July 2009, the G was extended from its longtime terminus at Smith–Ninth Streets to a more efficient terminus at Church Avenue to accommodate the rehabilitation of the Culver Viaduct. The G extension was made permanent in July 2012. Limited rush-hour F express trains started running in September 2019.
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent|
Elevator on NW corner of Church Avenue and McDonald Avenue
|Northbound local||← toward Jamaica–179th Street (Fort Hamilton Parkway)|
← toward Court Square (Fort Hamilton Parkway)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Northbound express||← (AM rush hours) toward Jamaica–179th Street (Seventh Avenue)|
|Southbound express|| (PM rush hours) toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Ditmas Avenue) → |
(No service: 18th Avenue)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left, right|
|Southbound local|| toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Ditmas Avenue) → |
This underground station has four tracks and two island platforms. Both outer track walls have a maroon trim line with a Tuscan red border and small signs below them reading "CHURCH" in white lettering on a black background. This tile band is set in a two-tile-high course, an arrangement normally seen at local stations. All i-beam columns in the station are colored Hunter green. The station signs are in the standard black name plates with white lettering.
There is a four-track train storage yard south of the station beneath the revenue tracks, which is used by terminating G trains. South of the connection to the yard, the line ramps up to become a three track elevated line (with the express tracks merging into one track, with switches from the express to the local tracks in the respective directions) before entering Ditmas Avenue station. Though this station is a part of the IND Division, the Culver elevated portion directly to the south of this station is controlled by BMT radio dispatch and supervision, so train operators change between the IND (B-2) and BMT (B-1) radio frequencies at this point or station.
During off-peak hours, the express tracks can be used for staging subway cars without interfering with normal service.
This station has a full length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks with two fare control areas. The full-time one is at the extreme south end. Two staircases and one elevator from each platform go up to the mezzanine, where public restrooms at the center are available and a turnstile bank provides entrance/exit to/from the station. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and staircases going up to all four corners of Church and McDonald Avenues. There is also a ramp leading to an elevator that goes up to the west side of Church Avenue. The three elevators, installed during a 2008 renovation, make the station ADA accessible.
The station's other fare control area at the north end is un-staffed. Three staircases from each platform go up to a mezzanine, where exit-only and High Entry/Exit Turnstiles provide entrance/exit to/from the station. Outside fare control, there are two staircases facing in different directions that go up to either southern corners of Albemarle Road and McDonald Avenues. Crew facilities at the center of the mezzanine separate the two fare control areas.
This station is often used for shooting subway scenes for television shows and movies when the express tracks are not in service, while the mezzanine can be used for setting up production. Movies filmed at this station include Men in Black II (2002), Collateral Beauty (2016), Bushwick (2017), The Night Before, The Taking of Pelham 123, and Uptown Girls (2003). A violent scene from Joker (2019) was also filmed at the station platform, although it was modified to look like the Bedford Park Boulevard station in the Bronx. Additionally, TV series filmed at the Church Avenue station include Mr. Robot, The Affair, and The Mindy Project.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Church Avenue (IND Culver Line).|