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Chui A-poo

Chui A-poo
Chui Apoo.jpg
Piratical career
Years activemid-1800s
Rankfleet commander
Base of operationsSouth China Sea
Commands50 ship Chinese fleet

Chui A-poo[1] (Chinese: 徐亞保;[2] died 1851) was a 19th-century Qing Chinese pirate who commanded a fleet of more than 50 junks in the South China Sea.[3] He was one of the two most notorious South China Sea pirates of the era, along with Shap Ng-tsai.[4]

In September 1849, his fleet, which was based in Bias Bay east of Hong Kong, was destroyed by British and Chinese warships.[5] More than 400 pirates were killed and Chui was seriously wounded. Although he managed initially to escape, he was betrayed and handed over to the British. He was wanted with a bounty of $500[6] for the gruesome murder of two officers[7] His punishment was lifelong exile to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania), but he hanged himself in his cell before it could be carried out.[8]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Also spelt Chui-Apoo.
  2. ^ Piracy & the world of Zhang Baozai : first anniversary exhibition at the Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Hong Kong Maritime Museum , 2006. p.36 ISBN 988-98611-3-5
  3. ^ Grace Estelle Fox (1940), British Admirals and Chinese Pirates, 1832-1869 (in German), London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., pp. 107
  4. ^ Martin Booth. Opium: A History. New York: Thomas Dunne, 1996. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-312-20667-3
  5. ^ Tim Travers (30 May 2012). Pirates: A History. History Press. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-7524-8827-1.
  6. ^ The Chinese Repository: From January to December 1849 (in German), Adamant Media, 2005, pp. 667, ISBN 1-4021-5159-4, Unabridged translation of the Cantonese original
  7. ^ Christopher Munn (2001), Anglo-China: Chinese People and British Rule in Hong Kong (in German), London: Routledge, pp. 205, ISBN 0-7007-1298-4
  8. ^ Solomon Bard (2002), Voices from the Past: Hong Kong 1842-1918 (in German), Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 28, ISBN 962-209-574-7

Further reading

  • Beresford Scott (1851), An account of the destruction of the fleets of the celebrated pirate chieftains Chui-apoo and Shap-ng Tsai, on the coast of China, in September and October 1849 (in German), London
  • Magazine, University (January–June 1850), "Expedition against the Chinese Pirates", The Dublin university magazine. A Literary and Political Journal (in German), Dublin (XXXV), pp. 521-531, retrieved 18 May 2008