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Christian Democratic Movement

Christian Democratic Movement
Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie
LeaderAlojz Hlina
Founded1990
HeadquartersBratislava
Youth wingChristian Democratic Youth of Slovakia
Membership (2015)11,700[1]
IdeologyChristian democracy[2][3]
Social conservatism[4]
Political positionCentre-right[5][6]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International (observer)
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
ColoursWhite, red, blue (Colours of the Slovak flag)
National Council
0 / 150
European Parliament
3 / 13
Self-governing regions
1 / 8
Regional parliaments
57 / 408
Website
[www.kdh.sk]

The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH) is a Christian-democratic[7] political party in Slovakia. KDH is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and observer of the Centrist Democrat International.

History

The party was established in 1990. In the 1990s it was led by Ján Čarnogurský and then since 2000 by Pavol Hrušovský. Before the 2016 elections, it was led by Ján Figeľ. Following the defeat in the elections, Figeľ stepped down from the position and Pavol Zajac became temporary leader until the decisive party meeting on March 19, 2016. Figeľ endorsed Milan Majerský, mayor of Levoča, for the position.

The KDH was a member of the government coalition, but it left that coalition on 7 February 2006 due to disputes over an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection on religious grounds.

In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 8.3% of the popular vote and 14 out of 150 seats.

Four prominent parliamentary members (František Mikloško, Vladimír Palko, Rudolf Bauer and Pavol Minárik) left the party on 21 February 2008 due to their dissatisfaction with the party, its leadership and its policies, and founded the Conservative Democrats of Slovakia in July.

In the 2012 parliamentary election, KDH received 8.82% of the vote, placing it the second-largest party in the National Council with 16 deputies, leaving it the largest opposition party to the ruling Direction – Social Democracy.

In the 2014 European elections, KDH came second place nationally, receiving 13.21% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs.[8]

In the 2016 parliamentary election, the party only won 4.94% of the vote, losing all of its seats. This was the first time since its inception that the party did not reach the parliament. Following the electoral defeat, KDH elected Alojz Hlina its new leader.[9]

Party leaders

Election results

National Council

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1990 648,782 19.21
31 / 150
2nd Yes
1992 273,945Decrease 8.89Decrease
18 / 150
3rdDecrease No
1994 289,987Increase 10.1Increase
17 / 150
4thDecrease No
1998[10] 884,497Increase 26.33Increase
42 / 150
2ndIncrease Yes
2002 237,202Decrease 8.3Decrease
15 / 150
5thDecrease Yes
2006 191,443Decrease 8.3
14 / 150
6thDecrease No
2010 215,755Increase 8.52Increase
15 / 150
4thIncrease Yes
2012 225,361Increase 8.82Increase
16 / 150
2ndIncrease No
2016 128,908Decrease 4.94Decrease
0 / 150
9thDecrease No

Presidential

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes %Votes Result Votes %Votes Result
1999 Rudolf Schuster[11] 1,396,950 47.37 Runner-up 1,727,481 57.18 Won
2004 František Mikloško 129,414 6.5 5th
2009 Iveta Radičová 713,735 38.05 Runner-up 988,808 44.47 Lost
2014 Pavol Hrušovský 63,298 3.33 6th

European Parliament

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2004 113,655 16.19
3 / 14
4th
2009 89,905 Decrease 10.87 Decrease
2 / 13
4th Decrease
2014 74,108Decrease 13.21Increase
2 / 13
2ndIncrease

See also

References

  1. ^ "Najbohatšiu členskú základňu si držia Smer-SD, KDH a SMK". Hlavné Správy. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 80
  3. ^ Magone, José M. (2009), Comparative European Politics, Taylor & Francis, p. 364
  4. ^ Bodnárova, Bernardína (2006), "Social Policy", Slovakia 2005: A Global Report on the State of Society, Institute for Public Affairs, p. 307
  5. ^ Henderson, Karen (1999), "Minorities and Politics in the Slovak Republic", Minorities in Europe: Croatia, Estonia and Slovakia, Cambridge University Press, p. 150
  6. ^ Bunce, Valerie; Wolchik, Sharon L. (2011), Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries, Cambridge University Press, p. 64
  7. ^ José Magone (26 August 2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. pp. 456–. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Elections to the European Parliament 2014". 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Novým predsedom KDH sa stal suverénne Alojz Hlina". TA3.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  10. ^ As Slovak Democratic Coalition
  11. ^ "Czech-Slovak Political Science Students' Union". cpssu.org. Retrieved 12 December 2016.

External links