3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||309.52 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||176 to 182 °C (349 to 360 °F; 449 to 455 K)|
|Main hazards||Harmful if swallowed|
Harmful if inhaled
|S-phrases (outdated)||(S2) S16 S24/25 S28|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Chloralose (also known as α-chloralose) is an avicide, and a rodenticide used to kill mice in temperatures below 15 °C. It is also widely used in neuroscience and veterinary medicine as an anesthetic and sedative.
It is listed in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC with the classification Harmful (Xn)
Chloralose exerts barbiturate-like actions on synaptic transmission in the brain, including potent effects at inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors. A structural isomer of chloralose, β-chloralose (also called parachloralose in older literature), is inactive as a GABAA modulator and also as a general anesthetic.
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