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Chinese Super League

Chinese Super League (CSL)
Chinese Super League Logo 2.png
Founded 2004; 13 years ago (2004)
Country China
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Number of teams 16
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to China League One
Domestic cup(s) Chinese FA Cup
Chinese FA Super Cup
International cup(s) AFC Champions League
Current champions Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao, 7th title
(2017)
Most championships Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao
(7 titles)
Website csl-china.com
2018 Chinese Super League

The Chinese Football Association Super League (Chinese: 中国足球协会超级联赛; pinyin: Zhōngguó Zúqiú Xiéhuì Chāojí Liánsài), commonly known as Chinese Super League (中超联赛) or CSL, currently known as the Ping An Chinese Football Association Super League for sponsorship reasons,[1] is the highest tier of professional football in China, operating under the auspices of the Chinese Football Association.

The Chinese Super League was created by the rebranding of the former top division Chinese Football Association Jia-A League in 2004 (see Chinese Jia-A League, not to be confused with Chinese Football Association Jia League, which is the current second tier league).

Because of low temperatures in winter time, the season starts in March and ends in November. The Chinese Super League consists of sixteen clubs.

Originally contested by 12 teams in its inaugural year the league has since expanded: there are 16 teams competing in the current season. The title has been won by six teams: Shenzhen Jianlibao, Dalian Shide, Shandong Luneng, Changchun Yatai, Beijing Guoan, and Guangzhou Evergrande. The current Super League champions are Guangzhou Evergrande.[2]

The League is now running under the authorization of the Chinese Football Association, The CSL Company, which is currently the commercial branch of the League, and is a corporation in which the CFA and all of the member clubs act as shareholders. It is planned that the CFA will ultimately transfer their shares of The CSL Company to the clubs and professional union which consists of CSL clubs will be established as the League's management entity.[citation needed]

Overview

Unlike in many top European leagues, the Chinese Super League starts in February or March and ends in November or December. In each season, each club plays each of the other clubs twice, once at home and another away. With 16 clubs currently in the Super League, teams play 30 games each, for a total of 240 games in the season.

The two lowest-placed teams by the end of the season are relegated to the China League One and the top two teams from the League One are promoted, taking their places.

The top three of the league, as well as the winner of the Chinese FA Cup, qualify for the AFC Champions League of the next year. If the FA Cup finalists finish the league in 3rd or higher, the 4th place team in the league will take the Champions League spot.

History

Origins

For the history of Chinese Professional football before the inception of the Chinese Super league, see Chinese Jia-A League.

In 1994, as part of the sports system reform,the Chinese Jia-A League became the country's first professional football league. The Jia-A league achieved huge success in its early years but heavy criticism also existed towards the League's management practices and some of its member clubs. At the same time, the league was affected by gambling, match-fixing and corruption.[citation needed] The Chinese Football Association then decided to reform the League system, which ultimately led to the creation of the Chinese Super League.

On October 29, 2000, Yan Shiduo, vice-president of the Chinese Football Association, discussed about setting up a new professional league system.[citation needed] In 2002, the CFA made a decision to establish the Chinese Super League, which started in 2004.

Foundation

Compared to the Jia-A, the CSL is a lot more demanding on teams. The CFA and CSL committee imposed a range of minimum criteria to ensure professional management and administration, financial probity, and a youth development program at every club. The second division, China League One, was also re-established under a new system. Besides the regular professional league, the CSL also has a reserve league, U-19 league, U-17 league and an U-15 league.

The CSL and China League One's goals are to promote high quality and high-level competition; introduce advanced managerial concepts to the market; enforce the delivery of minimum standards of professionalism; encourage the influx of more higher quality foreign coaches and players; and gradually establish the European system for player registrations and transfers.

Summary

The first CSL season began in 2004, with 12 teams in the league. The inaugural season was plagued with controversy, which continued from the former league, Jia-A, and where, since 1999, scandals such as match fixing and gambling had been uncovered.[3] This resulted in loss of interest in the domestic game, low attendances and great financial losses.[citation needed]

The original plan was to have one relegated team and two promoted teams for the 2004 season and 2005 season, thus increasing the number of teams in 2006 to 14. But the CFA's decisions caused the relegations to be cancelled for these 2 years.

For the 2005 season, the league expanded to 14 teams after Wuhan Huanghelou and Zhuhai Zhongbang won promotion from China League One. The Zhuhai team, formerly Zhuhai Anping, had been bought by the Shanghai Zhongbang real estate company and relocated to Shanghai for the 2005 season, and subsequently renamed to Shanghai Zobon.

In 2006, the league was planned to expand to 16 teams with the newly promoted Xiamen Lanshi and Changchun Yatai. However, Sichuan Guancheng withdrew before the start of the season, leaving only 15 teams when the season started on March 11. Shanghai Liancheng Zobon, after another change of ownership, was renamed Shanghai United.

In 2007, the league was again planned to be expanded to 16 teams, but once again it found itself one team short. Shanghai United's owner, Zhu Jun, bought a major share in local rival Shanghai Shenhua and merged the two teams. As a result, Shanghai Shenhua retained its name as it already had a strong fanbase in the city, while Shanghai United pulled out of the league.

In 2008, the season started with 16 clubs participating for the first time, however Wuhan protested against punishments made by the CFA after a match against Beijing Guo'an, and announced its immediate withdrawal from the league, which left the season to finish with 15 clubs.

Since 2009, the league has run with 16 stable clubs participating in each year. Two are relegated to China League One, and two promoted from China League One each season.

In 2010, the CSL was beset by a scandal going right to the top of the CFA. The Chinese government took nationwide action against football gambling, match-fixing and corruption, and former CFA vice presidents Xie Yalong, Nan Yong and Yang Yimin were arrested.[4]

In 2011, the anti-corruption movement had visibly improved the image of the CSL, with increases to attendance. Clubs such as Guangzhou Evergrande and Shanghai Shenhua began investing heavily in foreign stars. After former Fluminense midfielder Darío Conca transferred in 2011, Some noticeable signings during the 2012 seasons include former Chelsea forward Didier Drogba and Nicolas Anelka, former Barcelona midfielder Seydou Keita and Fábio Rochemback, former Sevilla forward Frédéric Kanouté, former Blackburn Rovers forward Yakubu Aiyegbeni and former Borussia Dortmund forward Lucas Barrios. Former Japanese national team coach Takeshi Okada took up the reins as the new coach of Hangzhou Greentown, former Argentina national team coach Sergio Batista replaced Jean Tigana as Shanghai Shenhua's head coach, and former Italy national team and Juventus manager Marcello Lippi replaced Lee Jang-Soo as Guangzhou Evergrande's head coach.

In 2012, Guangzhou Evergrande have become the first Chinese team to defend their CSL title and won it consecutively in a row. however, Eight time champions of Professional League, Dalian Shide, follows seriously financial problems all season, especially after the arrest of club owner Xu Ming. planned to merge with Dalian Aerbin, the other CSL club of the city, Lately, The Chinese Football Association blocked the merge, As Dalian Shide failed to cancel their registration as CSL club before the merger. so Aerbin effectively purchased and swallowed up Shide, including the clubs famed academy and training facilities. Dalian Shide was officially dissolved on 31 January 2013. The country's most successful club had ceased to exist.

Establishment of Cooperation Structure

The preparatory committee of the Chinese Professional Football League was established On May 27, 2016,[5] with members from 5 CSL clubs, 3 CL1 clubs and 2 CL2 clubs, includes two CFA representatives, the blueprint is to have all of the three professional level leagues of China, the Chinese Super League, China Football League one and China Football League two separated from the League structure of the CFA, The PFL will be a private company wholly owned by its Member Clubs who make up the League at any one time, Each club is a shareholder, with one vote each on issues such as rule changes and contracts. The newly formed PFL would have commercial independence from The CFA, giving the PFL licence to negotiate its own broadcast and sponsorship agreements.

The CFA will no longer holds any shares of the League, but as national governing body for football in China the CFA is responsible for sanctioning competition Rule Books, and regulating on-field matters. It also organises The CFA Cup competition, in which PFL Member Clubs compete.and the lower division leagues ranked after CL2, under specific agreement between CFA and PFL, The CFA will also has the ability to exercise a vote on certain specific issues, but has no role in the day-to-day running of the CSL, CL1 and CL2.

on January 3, 2017, the CFA announced that Chinese Professional Football League, formed as a limited company, will be established in March 2017, the CSL and CL1 clubs will be found members of the PFL starts from 2017, with CL2 planning to join the system by 2019. The PFL preparatory committee will discuss and establish the regulations and the structures of the PFL, holding the elections of the PFL president in January and February 2017.

International players policy

Professional footballers in China receive relatively high salaries when compared to other Chinese sports leagues and football leagues in other countries. As a result, numerous players from Serbia, Brazil, Honduras, and other Latin American regions are signed as the foreign players in the Chinese league. The league has rules, however, restricting the number of foreign players strictly to five per team, including a slot for a player from AFC countries. A team could use a maximum of four foreign players on the field each game. This is to promote native player improvement and to conform to rules regarding international club competitions in the AFC. During the middle of the 2012 season, it was decided that teams that were competing in the AFC Champions League were allowed to have two extra foreign players, which can bring the number of foreigners on a team's seven; however, the policy was removed in the 2013 season.

Season Squad On-field Note
1994–2000 3 3
2001–2003 4 3 From 2001, foreign goalkeepers were restricted to play in matches.
2004–2006 3 2 After 2006, players from Hong Kong, Macau and Chinese Taipei were not considered as foreign players (except goalkeepers).
2007–2008 4 3
2009–2016 4+1 3+1 "+1" refers to the AFC quota. Teams may add a player from another country within the AFC; examples include Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal.
2017 4+1 3 Teams can use three foreign players at most in a match.[6]
2018– 4 3 Teams can use three foreign players at most in a match.

Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan players

Hong Kong players were considered foreigners at the beginning of 2009 but the league held back the change until the summer transfer window. After the 2010 season, players from Macau and Taiwan (except goalkeepers) were not considered foreigners in CSL matches, but will be regarded as foreigners in AFC competitions. After 2015 season, players who hadn't played for Hong Kong national football team, Macau national football team or Taiwan national football team were no longer deemed as native players.[7] After the 2016 season, players from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, whose contract was signed after 1 January 2016, were no longer deemed as native players.[8]

Chinese Super League seasons and champions

Season Winners Runners-up Third-place
2004 Shenzhen Jianlibao Shandong Luneng Taishan Inter Shanghai
2005 Dalian Shide Shanghai Shenhua Shandong Luneng Taishan
2006 Shandong Luneng Taishan Shanghai Shenhua Beijing Guoan
2007 Changchun Yatai Beijing Guoan Shandong Luneng Taishan
2008 Shandong Luneng Taishan Shanghai Shenhua Beijing Guoan
2009 Beijing Guoan Changchun Yatai Henan Construction
2010 Shandong Luneng Taishan Tianjin Teda Shanghai Shenhua
2011 Guangzhou Evergrande Beijing Guoan Liaoning FC
2012 Guangzhou Evergrande Jiangsu Sainty Beijing Guoan
2013 Guangzhou Evergrande Shandong Luneng Taishan Beijing Guoan
2014 Guangzhou Evergrande Beijing Guoan Guangzhou R&F
2015 Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao Shanghai SIPG Shandong Luneng Taishan
2016 Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao Jiangsu Suning Shanghai SIPG
2017 Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao Shanghai SIPG Tianjin Quanjian

Most successful clubs

Club Champions Runners-up Winning Seasons Runners-up Seasons
Guangzhou Evergrande
7
0
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Shandong Luneng
3
2
2006, 2008, 2010 2004, 2013
Beijing Guoan
1
3
2009 2007, 2011, 2014
Changchun Yatai
1
1
2007 2009
Dalian Shide
1
0
2005
Shenzhen FC
1
0
2004
Shanghai Shenhua
0
3
2005, 2006, 2008
Jiangsu Suning
0
2
2012, 2016
Shanghai SIPG
0
2
2015, 2017
Tianjin Teda
0
1
2010

Current clubs

Club Chinese name Owners Home stadium Capacity Seasons in CSL Best finish Worst finish Spell in level 1
Beijing Renhe 北京人和 Renhe Commercial Holdings Company Limited Beijing Fengtai Stadium 31,043 2004 to 2015, 2018 3rd, 2004 15th, 2015 from 2018
Beijing Sinobo Guoan 北京中赫国安 Sinobo Group (64%); CITIC Group (36%) Workers Stadium 66,000 2004 to 2018 1st, 2009 9th, 2017 from 2004
Changchun Yatai 长春亚泰 Chanchun Jisheng Investment Changchun City Stadium 38,500 2006 to 2018 1st, 2007 14th, 2013 from 2006
Chongqing Dangdai Lifan 重庆当代力帆 Desports (90%); Lifan Group (10%) Chongqing Olympic Sports Center 58,600 2004 to 2006, 2009 to 2010, 2015 to 2018 8th, 2015, 2016 16th, 2009 from 2015
Dalian Yifang 大连一方 Yifang group Dalian Sports Center 61,000 2012 to 2014, 2018 5th, 2012, 2013 15th, 2014 from 2018
Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao 广州恒大淘宝 Evergrande Group (60%); Alibaba Group (40%) Tianhe Stadium 58,500 2008 to 2009, 2011 to 2018 1st, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 9th, 2009 from 2011
Guangzhou R&F 广州富力 Guangzhou R&F Properties Co., Ltd. Yuexiushan Stadium 18,000 2004 to 2010, 2012 to 2018 3rd, 2014 16th, 2010 from 2012
Guizhou Hengfeng Zhicheng 贵州恒丰智诚 Guizhou Zhicheng Group; Hengfeng Group Guiyang Olympic Sports Center 52,888 2017 to 2018 8th, 2017 from 2017
Hebei CFFC 河北华夏幸福 China Fortune Land Development Co., Ltd Langfang Stadium 30,040 2016 to 2018 4th, 2017 7th, 2016 from 2016
Henan Jianye 河南建业 Henan Haolin Investment (95.7%) Zhengzhou Hanghai Stadium 29,800 2007 to 2012, 2014 to 2018 3rd, 2009 16th, 2012 from 2014
Jiangsu Suning 江苏苏宁 Suning Appliance Group Nanjing Olympic Sports Center 62,000 2009 to 2018 2nd, 2012, 2016 13th, 2013 from 2009
Shandong Luneng Taishan 山东鲁能泰山 Luneng Group Jinan Olympic Sports Luneng Stadium 56,800 2004 to 2018 1st, 2006, 2008, 2010 14th, 2016 from 2004
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua 上海绿地申花 Greenland Group Hongkou Football Stadium 33,000 2004 to 2018 2nd, 2005, 2006, 2008 11th, 2011, 2017 from 2004
Shanghai SIPG 上海上港 Shanghai International Port Group Shanghai Stadium 56,800 2013 to 2018 2nd, 2015, 2017 9th, 2013 from 2013
Tianjin Quanjian 天津权健 Quanjian Natural Medical Group Haihe Educational Football Stadium 30,000 2017 to 2018 3rd, 2017 from 2017
Tianjin Teda 天津泰达 TEDA Investment Holding Co., Ltd. (85.4%) Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium 54,700 2004 to 2018 2nd, 2010 13th, 2015, 2017 from 2004

Former clubs

Club Chinese name Seasons in CSL Best finish Worst finish Current league
Liaoning Whowin 辽宁宏运 2004 to 2008, 2010 to 2017 3rd, 2011 16th, 2017 China League One
Yanbian Funde 延边富德 2016 to 2017 9th, 2016 15th, 2017 China League One
Shijiazhuang Ever Bright 石家庄永昌 2015 to 2016 7th, 2015 16th, 2016 China League One
Hangzhou Greentown 杭州绿城 2007 to 2016 4th, 2010 15th, 2009, 2016 China League One
Shanghai Shenxin 上海申鑫 2010 to 2015 7th, 2013 16th, 2015 China League One
Zhejiang Yiteng 浙江毅腾 2014 16th, 2014 China League One
Wuhan Zall 武汉卓尔 2013 16th, 2013 China League One
Shenzhen F.C. 深圳FC 2004 to 2011 1st, 2004 16th, 2011 China League One
Qingdao Jonoon 青岛中能 2004 to 2013 6th, 2011 15th, 2013 China League Two
Dalian Shide 大连实德 2004 to 2012 1st, 2005 14th, 2008, 2012 Defunct
Chengdu Tiancheng 成都天诚 2008 to 2009, 2011 9th, 2009 15th, 2011 Defunct
Wuhan Guanggu 武汉光谷 2005 to 2008 5th, 2005 16th, 2008 Defunct
Xiamen Lanshi 厦门蓝狮 2006 to 2007 8th, 2006 15th, 2007 Defunct
Shanghai United 上海联城 2005 to 2006 7th, 2006 11th, 2005 Defunct
Sichuan Guancheng 四川冠城 2004 to 2005 9th, 2004, 2005 Defunct

All-time CSL table

The All-time CSL table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in CSL since its inception in 2004. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2017 season.

Pos Team S GP W D L GF GA GD Pts 1st 2nd
1 Shandong Luneng Taishan 14 404 199 111 94 698 460 238 708 3 2
2 Beijing Sinobo Guoan 14 404 190 117 97 589 390 199 687 1 3
3 Shanghai Greenland Shenhua 14 404 159 129 116 561 493 68 600 - 3
4 Tianjin Teda 14 404 147 127 130 523 501 22 562 - 1
5 Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao 9 270 160 65 45 553 268 285 545 7 -
6 Changchun Yatai 12 356 134 99 123 467 452 15 501 1 1
7 Guangzhou R&F 13 374 119 106 149 456 520 -64 463 - -
8 Beijing Renhe 12 344 112 112 120 416 417 -1 448 - -
9 Liaoning F.C. 13 374 106 110 158 440 566 -126 428 - -
10 Dalian Shide 9 254 96 78 90 332 304 28 366 1 -
11 Jiangsu Suning 9 270 94 84 92 350 324 26 366 - 2
12 Hangzhou Greentown 10 298 87 92 119 325 392 -67 353 - -
13 Henan Jianye 10 298 85 95 118 300 366 -66 350 - -
14 Qingdao Jonoon 10 284 82 87 115 303 361 -58 333 - -
15 Shanghai SIPG 5 150 72 44 34 276 180 96 260 - 2
16 Shenzhen F.C. 8 224 59 70 92 227 307 -80 247 1 -
17 Chongqing Dangdai Lifan 8 226 50 67 109 230 364 -134 217 - -
18 Shanghai Shenxin 6 180 46 43 91 176 265 -89 181 - -
19 Dalian Yifang 3 90 28 30 32 123 134 -11 114 - -
20 Wuhan Guanggu 4 112 30 23 59 91 189 -98 113 - -
21 Chengdu Tiancheng 3 90 23 29 38 89 123 -34 98 - -
22 Hebei CFFC 2 60 26 14 20 89 76 13 92 - -
23 Shijiazhuang Ever Bright 2 60 15 24 21 62 84 -22 69 - -
24 Shanghai United 2 54 14 19 21 50 60 -10 61 - -
25 Yanbian Funde 2 60 15 14 31 71 105 -34 59 - -
26 Xiamen Lanshi 2 56 13 19 24 50 73 -23 58 - -
27 Tianjin Quanjian 1 30 15 9 6 46 33 13 54 - -
28 Sichuan Guancheng 2 48 12 16 20 57 82 -25 52 - -
29 Guizhou Hengfeng Zhicheng 1 30 12 6 12 39 45 -6 42 - -
30 Zhejiang Yiteng 1 30 5 6 19 35 56 -21 21 - -
31 Wuhan Zall 1 30 3 7 20 24 58 -34 16 - -
2018 Chinese Super League
2018 China League One
2018 China League Two
2018 China Amateur Football League
Clubs that no longer exist

Attendances

Season averages

Season Total Attendance Games Average Change High avg. Team No. Of Clubs Relegation Slots
2004 1,430,600 132 10,838 -63.4% 23,636 Shandong Luneng 12 -
2005 1,871,700 182 10,284 -5.4% 26,000 Shandong Luneng 14 -
2006 2,228,300 210 10,611 +3.2% 30,679 Shandong Luneng 15 1
2007 3,173,500 210 15,112 +42.4% 24,643 Shanxi Chanba 15 1
2008 3,065,280 228 13,444 -12.4% 26,501 Shandong Luneng 16 2
2009 3,854,115 240 16,059 +19.5% 36,805 Beijing Guoan 16 2
2010 3,499,304 240 14,581 -9.2% 33,342 Beijing Guoan 16 2
2011 4,236,322 240 17,651 +21.1% 45,666 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2012 4,497,578 240 18,740 +6.2% 37,250 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2013 4,456,977 240 18,571 -0.9% 40,428 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2014 4,556,520 240 18,986 +2.2% 42,154 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2015 5,326,304 240 22,193 +16.8% 45,889 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2016 5,798,135 240 24,159 +8.8% 44,883 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2
2017 5,703,421 240 23,764 −1.6% 45,587 Guangzhou Evergrande 16 2

Attendance by clubs

This table lists average attendances of clubs yearly, but only for seasons when that club played in the top division. Clubs are listed with their current names.

Team Crowd average
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Beijing Sinobo Guoan 10,864 18,923 13,571 21,571 14,641 36,805 33,342 40,397 36,879 39,269 39,395 40,997 38,114 34,684
Beijing Renhe 8,455 4,385 17,286 24,643 24,625 23,026 28,053 27,836 29,574 21,312 12,327 15,139 - -
Changchun Yatai - - 8,607 16,429 5,797 12,179 10,067 13,835 12,701 12,975 12,886 14,855 15,335 16,477
Chongqing Dangdai Lifan 15,727 5,731 6,536 - - 11,440 11,433 - - - - 37,595 36,178 34,439
Chengdu Blades - - - - 12,378 11,873 - 6,443 - - - - - -
Dalian Yifang - - - - - - - - 15,774 10,538 10,993 - - -
Dalian Shide 11,273 14,000 5,043 10,286 7,900 16,613 12,307 17,148 11,093 - - - - -
Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao - - - - 19,624 20,057 45,666 37,250 40,428 42,154 45,889 44,883 45,587
Guangzhou R&F 5,000 2,077 2,750 10,571 6,645 8,498 10,152 - 8,460 10,384 11,487 7,989 9,831 9,904
Guizhou Hengfeng Zhicheng - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21,102
Hangzhou Greentown - - - 19,571 12,188 14,790 14,550 8,586 10,563 14,164 13,766 12,566 11,723 -
Hebei China Fortune - - - - - - - - - - - - 18,469 18,054
Henan Jianye - - - 16,857 16,267 19,255 18,630 16,334 17,526 - 18,390 20,207 17,282 18,933
Jiangsu Suning - - - - - 15,976 10,667 17,170 31,163 28,808 24,349 26,858 38,992 32,697
Liaoning Whowin 7,727 11,000 6,929 15,929 11,733 - 10,100 19,621 18,638 20,850 12,781 12,788 22,506 12,429
Qingdao Jonoon 4,645 4,500 6,071 7,179 6,600 8,774 6,247 8,464 9,538 8,284 - - - -
Shandong Luneng Taishan 23,636 26,000 30,679 22,607 26,501 17,015 15,901 12,112 20,148 27,683 23,931 22,559 18,932 30,283
Shanghai Greenland Shenhua 13,636 12,462 12,786 11,393 11,510 12,627 12,963 9,828 14,761 12,739 15,417 19,506 22,690 19,021
Shanghai Shenxin - - - - - - 11,680 10,462 11,597 8,559 10,115 7,028 - -
Shanghai SIPG - - - - - - - - - 10,161 12,460 26,381 28,040 29,174
Shanghai United - 4,885 2,193 - - - - - - - - - - -
Shenzhen F.C. 10,364 2,423 10,071 13,000 6,400 13,460 12,439 10,277 - - - - - -
Shijiazhuang Ever Bright - - - - - - - - - - - 25,070 22,523 -
Sichuan Guancheng 5,545 5,477 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tianjin Quanjian - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24,877
Tianjin Teda 13,182 16,462 18,071 15,429 14,007 14,554 14,757 18,242 14,175 16,577 17,190 19,661 21,740 14,531
Wuhan Guanggu - 15,654 10,500 13,179 12,556 - - - - - - - - -
Wuhan Zall - - - - - - - - - 14,403 - - - -
Xiamen Lanshi - - 8,071 8,036 - - - - - - - - - -
Yanbian Funde - - - - - - - - - - - - 19,304 18,058
Zhejiang Yiteng - - - - - - - - - - 26,126 - - -
Whole season 10,838 10,284 10,611 15,112 13,444 16,059 14,581 17,651 18,740 18,571 18,986 22,193 24,159 23,766

Awards

The official Chinese Super league annual awards are given to players, managers and referees based on their performance during the season.

Player of the Year

It is also named the "Most Valuable Player".

Year Footballer Club Nationality
2004 Zhao Junzhe Liaoning Zhongyu  China
2005 Branko Jelić Beijing Guoan  Serbia
2006 Zheng Zhi Shandong Luneng Taishan  China
2007 Du Zhenyu Changchun Yatai  China
2008 Emil Martínez Shanghai Shenhua  Honduras
2009 Samuel Caballero Changchun Yatai  Honduras
2010 Duvier Riascos Shanghai Shenhua  Colombia
2011 Muriqui Guangzhou Evergrande  Brazil
2012 Cristian Dănălache Jiangsu Sainty  Romania
2013 Darío Conca Guangzhou Evergrande  Argentina
2014 Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande  Brazil
2015 Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao  Brazil
2016 Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao  Brazil
2017 Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F  Israel

Golden Boot Award

This award is awarded to the top goalscorer of the league that year.

Year Top scorer Club Goals
2004 Ghana Kwame Ayew Inter Shanghai 17
2005 Serbia Branko Jelić Beijing Guoan 21
2006 China Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan 26
2007 China Li Jinyu Shandong Luneng Taishan 15
2008 Brazil Éber Luís Tianjin Teda 14
2009 Argentina Hernán Barcos
Honduras Luis Ramírez
Shenzhen Asia Travel / Shanghai Shenhua
Guangzhou GPC
17
2010 Colombia Duvier Riascos Shanghai Shenhua 20
2011 Brazil Muriqui Guangzhou Evergrande 16
2012 Romania Cristian Dănălache Jiangsu Sainty 23
2013 Brazil Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande 24
2014 Brazil Elkeson Guangzhou Evergrande 28
2015 Brazil Aloísio Shandong Luneng Taishan 22
2016 Brazil Ricardo Goulart Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao 19
2017 Israel Eran Zahavi Guangzhou R&F 27

There is also an award that is awarded to the top Chinese goalscorer of that season, which was first introduced in 2011.

Year Top scorer Club Goals
2011 Yu Hanchao Liaoning FC 12
2012 Wang Yongpo Shandong Luneng Taishan 10
2013 Wu Lei Shanghai East Asia 15
2014 Wu Lei Shanghai East Asia 12
2015 Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG 14
2016 Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG 14
2017 Wu Lei Shanghai SIPG 20

Manager of the Year

Year Manager Club Standings Nationality
2004 Zhu Guanghu Shenzhen Jianlibao Chinese Super League champions  China
2005 Vladimir Petrović Dalian Shide Chinese Super League champions; Chinese FA Cup winners  Serbia
2006 Ljubiša Tumbaković Shandong Luneng Taishan Chinese Super League champions; Chinese FA Cup winners  Serbia
2007 Gao Hongbo Changchun Yatai Chinese Super League champions  China
2008 Ljubiša Tumbaković Shandong Luneng Taishan Chinese Super League champions  Serbia
2009 Tang Yaodong Henan Jianye Chinese Super League third place  China
2010 Branko Ivanković Shandong Luneng Taishan Chinese Super League champions  Croatia
2011 Ma Lin Liaoning Whowin Chinese Super League third place  China
2012 Dragan Okuka Jiangsu Sainty Chinese Super League runners-up  Serbia
2013 Marcello Lippi Guangzhou Evergrande Chinese Super League champions; AFC Champions League winners  Italy
2014 Gregorio Manzano Beijing Guoan Chinese Super League runners-up  Spain
2015 Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao Chinese Super League champions; AFC Champions League winners  Brazil
2016 Luiz Felipe Scolari Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao Chinese Super League champions; Chinese FA Cup winners  Brazil
2017 Fabio Cannavaro Tianjin Quanjian Chinese Super League 3rd place  Italy

Youth Player of the Year

Year Footballer Club
2004 Chen Tao Shenyang Ginde
2005 Hao Junmin Tianjin Teda
2006 Wang Dalei Shanghai Liancheng
2007 Hao Junmin Tianjin Teda
2008 Huang Bowen Beijing Guoan
2009 Deng Zhuoxiang Jiangsu Sainty
2010 Zheng Zheng Shandong Luneng Taishan
2011 Song Wenjie Qingdao Jonoon
2012 Zhang Xizhe Beijing Guoan
2013 Jin Jingdao Shandong Luneng Taishan
2014 Liu Binbin Shandong Luneng Taishan
2015 Vacancy[9]
2016 Li Xiaoming Henan Jianye
2017 Hu Jinghang Henan Jianye

There is also an award that is awarded to the U-23 player of the year, which was first introduced in 2017.

Year Footballer Club
2017 Huang Zhengyu Guangzhou R&F

Goalkeeper of the Year

Year Footballer Club
2012 Deng Xiaofei Jiangsu Sainty
2013 Zeng Cheng Guangzhou Evergrande
2014 Wang Dalei Shandong Luneng Taishan
2015 Zeng Cheng Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao
2016 Zeng Cheng Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao
2017 Yan Junling Shanghai SIPG

Sponsors

Sponsorships
Season Sponsor Annual Value Official League Name
2004 Siemens Mobile €8 million Siemens Mobile Chinese Super League
2005 No sponsor Chinese Football Association Super League
2006 IPhox €6 million Iphox Chinese Super League
2007 Kingway Beer ¥36 million[10] Kingway Beer Chinese Super League
2008 ¥38 million Kingway Beer Chinese Super League
2009 Pirelli €5 million[11] Pirelli Chinese Super League
2010 €5 million Pirelli Chinese Super League
2011 Wanda Plaza ¥65 million[12] Wanda Plaza Chinese Super League
2012 ¥65 million Wanda Plaza Chinese Super League
2013 ¥65 million Wanda Plaza Chinese Super League
2014 Ping An Insurance ¥150 million[13] China Ping'an Chinese Super League
2015 ¥165 million China Ping'an Chinese Super League
2016 ¥181.5 million China Ping'an Chinese Super League
2017 ¥199.65 million China Ping'an Chinese Super League

Media coverage

As of May 2017, main broadcasters of the CSL through the world are listed in following table

Country Network
 China CCTV-5, Qinghai TV, PPTV
 Hong Kong LeSports HK
 Macau TDM HD
 Japan DAZN Japan
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Estonia
 Georgia
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Latvia
 Lithuania
 Moldova
 Russia
 Tajikistan
 Turkmenistan
 Uzbekistan
Setanta Sports Eurasia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Macedonia
 Montenegro
 Serbia
 Croatia
 Slovenia
SportKlub
 United Kingdom
 Ireland
Sky Sports
 Israel Sport 1
 Vietnam K+ PC
 Singapore
 Malaysia
Starhub SuperSports
 Indonesia Ipla PL
 France
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
SFR Sport 2
 Portugal A Bola TV
 Germany
  Switzerland
 Austria
DAZN, Sportdigital
 Spain TVE, TV3
 United States
 Canada
LeSports (in Chinese)
 Argentina
 Barbados
 Bolivia
 Chile
 Colombia
 Costa Rica
 Curaçao
 Dominican Republic
 Ecuador
 El Salvador
 Guatemala
 Honduras
 Italy
 Mexico
 Netherlands
 Nicaragua
 Panama
 Paraguay
 Peru
 San Marino
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Uruguay
  Vatican City
 Venezuela
Fox Sports
 Australia
 New Zealand
beIN Sports
 Turkey S Sports
 Brazil BandSports
 Poland Polsat Sport
 Bangladesh
 India
 Pakistan
 Maldives
Neo prime, Discovery Sports
 Burundi
 Republic of the Congo
 Ghana
 Guinea
 Kenya
 Mozambique
 Nigeria
 Rwanda
 South Africa
 Tanzania
 Uganda
Startimes Sports Life
Middle East and North Africa Dubai Sports 1
Southeast Asia LeSports

Reserve league and Elite league

The reserve league is open to all of the reserve teams from the Chinese Super League, China League One, and China League Two clubs.

Season Reserve Champions Elite Champions
2004 Shanghai Shenhua Not Held
2005 Not Held Not Held
2006 Shandong Luneng Not Held
2007 Tianjin Teda Not Held
2008 Wuhan Guanggu Not Held
2009 Not Held Not Held
2010 Shandong Luneng Not Held
2011 Shandong Luneng Not Held
2012 Shandong Luneng Not Held
2013 Shandong Luneng Not Held
2014 Shandong Luneng Shanghai Shenhua
2015 Shandong Luneng Hangzhou Greentown
2016 Shanghai SIPG Jiangsu Suning
2017 Shandong Luneng Guangzhou Evergrande

Youth league

Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in China.

Season U-19 Champions U-18 Champions U-17 Champions U-16 Champions U-15 Champions U-14 Champions U-13 Champions
2004[14] Shanghai Shenhua Not Held Shandong Luneng Not Held Shandong Luneng Not Held Not Held
2005 Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng
2006 Beijing Guoan Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng
2007 Chongqing Lifan Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng
2008 Beijing Guoan Changchun Yatai Shandong Luneng
2009 Shandong Luneng Changchun Yatai Wuhan FA
2010 Not Held Shandong Luneng Shanghai Luckystar
2011[15] Beijing Guoan Not Held Shanghai FA Not Held Hubei FA Not Held Shanghai Genbao
2012[16] Jiangsu FA Not Held Liaoning FA Not Held Guangzhou FA Not Held Shanghai Genbao
2013 Henan Jianye Not Held Jiangsu FA Not Held Shandong Luneng Not Held Not Held
2014 Shanghai Shenhua Not Held Guangzhou R&F Not Held Henan Jianye Shanghai Genbao Not Held
2015 Not Held Guangdong FA Not Held Jiangsu FA Shandong Luneng Not Held Shandong Luneng
2016 Shaanxi FA Not Held Jiangsu FA Not Held Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng Guangzhou Evergrande
2017[17] Not Held Shandong Luneng Not Held Shandong Luneng Shandong Luneng Changchun Yatai Shandong Luneng
2018 Not Held

See also

References

  1. ^ "Soccer-Ping An extends Chinese football sponsorship amid boom in sport". Reuters. 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2017-10-30. 
  2. ^ 2016 League Overview FootyStats
  3. ^ "CHRONOLOGY-Soccer-Chinese match-fixing cases since 1994". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2017-11-03. 
  4. ^ "Yearender: Chinese soccer breaks hearts, again - Xinhua - English.news.cn". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "中国职业足球联盟有望三月成立". Xinhua Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "中国足协将对中超中甲联赛部分相关规程内容进行调整". Chinese Football Association. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  7. ^ 实习生管丹蕾. "足协重新定义港澳台内援 必须入选地区代表队-足协 球员 亚冠联赛 代表队 张鹭-东方体育-东方网". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  8. ^ 港澳台球员转会新政 新转入算亚外有合同算内援
  9. ^ "2015中超颁奖:高神MVP野牛金靴 斯帅最佳教练-搜狐体育". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "中超今年结束"裸奔" 金威集团3600万元冠名-搜狐体育". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "国米赞助商倍耐力5000万入主中超_中超_体育_腾讯网". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "万达3年1.95亿冠名中超 将高价为国足配洋顾问-搜狐体育". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Sponsors spend big on Chinese Super League". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "2004年U-19、17、15成绩公告". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  15. ^ 2011年全国青少年男子足球比赛成绩公告
  16. ^ "中国足协关于2012年全国青少年男子足球联赛成绩公告". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "关于召开2017年全国青少年男子足球赛事工作总结会的通知". Retrieved 15 November 2017. 

External links