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Chibi

Chibi
赤壁市
County-level city
Engravings on a cliffside near Chibi City
Engravings on a cliffside near Chibi City
Chibi is located in Hubei
Chibi
Chibi
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 29°43′N 113°54′E / 29.717°N 113.900°E / 29.717; 113.900
Country China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Xianning
Area
 • Total 1,723 km2 (665 sq mi)
Elevation 67 m (221 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 520,000
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 437300
Website www.chibi.gov.cn

Chibi (Chinese: 赤壁; pinyin: Chìbì) is a county-level city in southeastern Hubei province, China. Neighboring Wuhan in the north and Yueyang in the south, Chibi is called the "South Gate of Hubei". It is under the administration of Xianning prefecture-level city. Chibi was called Puqi (蒲圻) until 11 June 1998, when the Chinese State Council approved its renaming to "Chibi" since it was the site of the famous Battle of Chibi that took place in the winter of 208/9 CE,[1]

Chibi has an area of 1,723 square kilometres (665 sq mi)[2] and a population of 506,509 as of 2006.[3]

Population

In 1908, the entire county had a population of 185,004. In 1911, there are 42,455 families. In 1931, the county had 44,724 families and population of 181,640. In 1953, after the first national population census, the county had 50,746 families and population of 182,801. In 1964, the second national population census, the county had 58,055 families and population of 248,391. From 1961 to 1970, it is the second peak of population growth, after the third national population census, the county had 75,560 families and population of 387,789, when the birth rate was 18.24%, mortality rate was 6.69% and growth rate was 11.7%.

In 1982 when the third national census, the county 385,662 Han Chinese people, 99.45% of the total population, 2131 minority, 0.55% of the total population, of which 1929 Hui people, 51 Miao people, 49 Dong people, 21 Tujia people, 30 Zhuang people, 21 Manchu people, 6 Buyi people, 4 Tibetans, 3 Mongolians, 3 Yao people, 2 Uygur and 2 Korean.[4]

Administrative division

The administrative division of Chibi starts from the Song dynasty. From the Song dynasty to the Yuan dynasty, it named as township. In the Ming dynasty, it divided as a capital system. From the Qing dynasty to 1932, it changed to a township and group system. After 1949, the government of Chibi set up a district office as the county agency, managing several townships and communes. In 1975, it dismantled the district into a township and restored in 1984. Thereafter until now, it has jurisdiction over nine towns, a township, three offices, an agriculture zone, three state-owned agriculture, forestry, tea, 152 village committees and 1,682 village groups.[5]

Historic sites

Yangloudong (羊楼洞), an old center of tea production and trade. Located in Zhaoliqiao town near Hubei's border with Hunan, some 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of downtown Chibi.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ "The engagement at the Red Cliffs took place in the winter of the 13th year of Jian'an, probably about the end of 208."(de Crespigny 1990:264)
  2. ^ "Geography of Chibi" (in Chinese). Chibi People's Government. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  3. ^ "Democraphics of Chibi" (in Chinese). Chibi People's Government. 11 October 2010. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  4. ^ "Populations and Ethics". Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Administrative Division". Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  6. ^ 羊楼洞古街 (The old town of Yangloudong)
  7. ^ Li Baihao; Zhu Jianhua; Huang Li; Guo Jian (2005), "One cultural route span the Millenary: Chinese Tea Road", PROCEEDINGS OF THE SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIUM "Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes" (PDF), Xi'an, p. 4 

External links