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Chhu

Coin of Kushan ruler Chhu. The “Chhu” letter Gupta ashoka chhu.jpg in the Brahmi script appears under the left arm of the ruler.[1]

Chhu (Brahmi script: Gupta ashoka chhu.jpg Chhu) seems to have been a late Kushan Empire ruler, who ruled from 310 to 325 CE.[2] His coinage is very similar to that of his near-contemporary Vasudeva.[3] His rule corresponds to the last days of the Kushan Empire, before the conquest by Kidara.[4]

The rule of Chhu was probably centered on the Punjab and neighbouring areas.[5]

References

  1. ^ Catalogue Of The Coins In The Indian Museum Calcutta Vol I. 1906. p. 89.
  2. ^ Smith, Vincent Arthur (1906). Catalogue of the Coins in the Indian Museum Calcutta Including the Cabinet of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Clarendon Press. p. 89.
  3. ^ East and West. Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente. 1975. p. 155.
  4. ^ Mitchiner, Michael (1978). The ancient & classical world, 600 B.C.-A.D. 650. Hawkins Publications ; distributed by B. A. Seaby. pp. 8/465. ISBN 9780904173161.
  5. ^ Catalogue Of The Coins In The Indian Museum Calcutta Vol I. 1906. pp. 88–89.
Kushan Empire
Emperors, territories and chronology
(in pink)
Territories/
dates
Western India Western Pakistan
Balochistan
Paropamisadae
Arachosia
Bajaur Gandhara Western Punjab Eastern Punjab Mathura Pataliputra
INDO-SCYTHIAN KINGDOM INDO-GREEK KINGDOM Indo-Scythian Northern Satraps
25 BCE – 10 CE Indo-Scythian dynasty of the
APRACHARAJAS
Vijayamitra
(ruled 12 BCE - 15 CE)[1]
Liaka Kusulaka
Patika Kusulaka
Zeionises
Kharahostes
(ruled 10 BCE– 10 CE)[2]
Mujatria
Strato II and Strato III Hagana
10-20CE INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM
Gondophares
Indravasu INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM
Gondophares
Rajuvula
20-30 CE Ubouzanes
Pakores
Vispavarma
(ruled c.0-20 CE)[3]
Sarpedones Bhadayasa Sodasa
30-40 CE KUSHAN EMPIRE
Kujula Kadphises (c.50-90)[4]
Indravarma Abdagases ... ...
40-45 CE Aspavarma Gadana ... ...
45-50 CE Sasan Sases ... ...
50-75 CE ... ...
75-100 CE Indo-Scythian dynasty of the
WESTERN SATRAPS
Chastana
Vima Takto (c.90-113)[4] ... ...
100-120 CE Abhiraka Vima Kadphises (c. 113-127)[4]
120 CE Bhumaka
Nahapana
PARATARAJAS
Yolamira
Kanishka I (c. 127-151)[4] Great Satrap Kharapallana
and Satrap Vanaspara
for
Kanishka I
130-230 CE

Jayadaman
Rudradaman I
Damajadasri I
Jivadaman
Rudrasimha I
Isvaradatta
Rudrasimha I
Jivadaman
Rudrasena I


Bagamira
Arjuna
Hvaramira
Mirahvara


Huvishka (c. 151 – c. 190)[4]
Vasudeva I (c. 190 – 230)[4]

230-250 CE

Samghadaman
Damasena
Damajadasri II
Viradaman
Yasodaman I
Vijayasena
Damajadasri III
Rudrasena II
Visvasimha

Miratakhma
Kozana
Bhimarjuna
Koziya
Datarvharna
Datarvharna

KUSHANO-SASANIANS
Ardashir I (c. 230 – 250)
Ardashir II (?-245)


Kanishka II (c. 230 – 247)[4]

250-280

Peroz I, "Kushanshah" (c. 250 – 265)
Hormizd I, "Kushanshah" (c. 265 – 295)

Vāsishka (c. 247 – 267)[4]
Kanishka III (c. 267 – 270)[4]


280-300 Bhratadarman Datayola II

Hormizd II, "Kushanshah" (c. 295 – 300)

Vasudeva II (c. 267 – 300)[4]
300-320 CE

Visvasena
Rudrasimha II
Jivadaman

Peroz II, "Kushanshah" (c. 300 – 325)

Mahi (c. 300-305)[4]
Shaka (c. 305 – 335)[4]

320-388 CE

Yasodaman II
Rudradaman II
Rudrasena III
Simhasena
Rudrasena IV

Varahran I (325-350)
Shapur II Sassanid king and "Kushanshah" (c. 350)

Kipunada (c. 335 – 350)[4]

GUPTA EMPIRE
Chandragupta I
Samudragupta
Chandragupta II

388-396 CE Rudrasimha III KIDARITES invasion
  1. ^ From the dated inscription on the Rukhana reliquary
  2. ^ An Inscribed Silver Buddhist Reliquary of the Time of King Kharaosta and Prince Indravarman, Richard Salomon, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 116, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1996), pp. 442 [1]
  3. ^ A Kharosthī Reliquary Inscription of the Time of the Apraca Prince Visnuvarma, by Richard Salomon, South Asian Studies 11 1995, Pages 27-32, Published online: 09 Aug 2010 [2]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Cribb, Joe; Donovan, Peter (2014). Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, and Kidarite Coins A Catalogue of Coins From the American Numismatic Society by David Jongeward and Joe Cribb with Peter Donovan. p. 4.