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Charmadas

Charmadas (Greek: Χαρμάδας; also Charmides (Χαρμίδης); 168/7 – 103/91 BC)[1] was an Academic philosopher and a disciple of Carneades at the Academy in Athens. He was a pupil of Carneades for seven years (145-138) and later he led his own school in the Ptolemaion, a gymnasium in Athens. He was from Alexandria[2] and seems to have lived there, before he went to Athens around 145 B.C.[3] He was an excellent rhetorician and famous for his outstanding memory. Like Philo of Larissa he seems to have pursued a more moderate scepticism.[4] Lucius Licinius Crassus and Marcus Antonius (orator) were his most prominent pupils. Furthermore, Philodemus preserverd us the names of other pupils: Diodorus of Adramyttion, Apollodor of Tarsus, Heliodorus of Mallos, Phanostratus of Tralles and a certain Apollonius. [5]

Notes

  1. ^ Dorandi 1999, p. 48.
  2. ^ Fleischer 2019, pp. 153-164.
  3. ^ Fleischer 2014, pp. 66-67.
  4. ^ Lévy 2005, pp. 62–68; Brittain 2001, p. 54, 213f., 312; Tarrant 1985, p. 37.
  5. ^ For the list of pupils preserved by Philodemus see Fleischer 2015, pp. 49-53.

References

  • Brittain, Charles (2001). Philo of Larissa. The Last of the Academic Sceptics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-815298-1.
  • Dorandi, Tiziano (1999). "Chapter 2: Chronology". In Algra, Keimpe; et al. (eds.). The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 48. ISBN 9780521250283.
  • Fleischer, Kilian (2014). "Der Akademiker Charmadas in Apollodors `Chronik´ (PHerc. 1021, Kol. 31-32)". Cronache Ercolanesi (in German). 44: 66–75.
  • Fleischer, Kilian (2015). "Die Schüler des Charmadas (PHerc.1021, XXXV 32 - XXXVI 14)". Cronache Ercolanesi (in German). 45: 49–53.
  • Fleischer, Kilian (2019). "The Academic Philosopher Charmadas of Alexandria: Uncovering His Origins". Quaderni del Museo del Papiro. 16: 153–164.
  • Lévy, Carlos (2005). "Les Petits Académiciens: Lacyde, Charmadas, Métrodore de Stratonice". In Bonazzi, Mauro; Celluprica, Vincenza (eds.). L’eredità platonica. Studi sul platonismo da Arcesilao a Proclo (in Italian). Naples: Bibliopolis. pp. 51−77.
  • Tarrant, Harold (1985). Scepticism or Platonism?. Cambridge. p. 37.[full citation needed]

Further reading

  • Tiziano Dorandi: Charmadas. In: Richard Goulet (ed.): Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques. vol. 2, CNRS Éditions, Paris 1994, ISBN 2-271-05195-9, pp. 297–298.
  • Görler, Woldemar (1994). Charmadas. In: Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie. Die Philosophie der Antike, vol. 4/2: Die hellenistische Philosophie, ed. Hellmut Flashar., Basel ISBN 3-7965-0930-4, pp. 906–908.