|Elevation||222 m (728 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Ho|
|• Other important||Odia|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Chaibasa is a town and a municipality in West Singhbhum district in the state of Jharkhand, India. Chaibasa is the district headquarters of West Singhbhum district. It is also the headquarter of Singhbhum Kolhan division headed by the Divisional commissioner. It is famous as a mining hub as well as for being the hometown of Birsa Munda, Jharkhand’s most well known freedom fighter.
As of 2011[update] India census, Chaibasa had a population of 63,648. The total number of householders was 10596. The male population stood at 33686 and the female population at 29962 (with the sex ratio at 100%:91,8%). Chaibasa has an average literacy rate of 75.54%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy rate of 79% and female literacy rate of 68%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
There are a number of schools up to 10th and 12th standards in Chaibasa, including the Mangillal Rungta middle and high school, the St. Xavier's schools (some of which are in Lupungutu), the SPG school and many others (a Lutheran school, the Navodaya Vidyalaya, the Padmawati Jain Saraswati Sishu Vidya Mandir, the St. Mary's Public School in Gandhi Tola, the St. Viveka English Medium School, the Scott Hindi Girls school, the S. S. A. Niche Tola School, the Surajmull Jain DAV Public School or the Zila School). There is also the Kolhan Inter College and the DPS Inter College.
However, in the case of college education and degree courses, the choices are limited. In 2009, Kolhan University was constituted with its head office at Chaibasa. In addition to the Chaibasa Engineering College, Chaibasa also boasts of a branch of the Industrial Training Institute (ITI) and the RAJ ITI. The town is also home to the G.C. Jain Commerce College, the Tata College and the Mahila College for Women.
Both the Indian Red Cross Society and Rotary International have its centers in the municipality. Sanmat (website) is operating skill training center at Chaibasa under National Urban Livelihood Mission of Dept. of Urban Development, Govt. of Jharkhand.
Chaibasa is a district headquarters and constitutes all the Governmental offices of the district. Government Institutions are the chief employers of chaibasa. The cement manufacturer ACC Cement Works is situated in Jhinkpani, 18 km from Chaibasa, but relies on Chaibasa itself for daily needs. Substantial mining is done in the area by companies such as S.R. Rungta Group, Thakur Prasad Sao & Sons, and Saha Brothers. Many other small-scale steel manufacturing companies are situated in Chaibasa.
Chaibasa’s proximity to Jamshedpur and Kolkata contributes to its small scale industrial scape. The most popular economic engines are mining, textiles and service sector,
Chaibasa not being directly on Howrah-Mumbai main line has hurt its economy quite a lot and all the railway jobs and related industries moved to Chakradhrpur which is a smaller town near to it that lies on the main line.
The best-connected place is Jamshedpur which is 60 km away from Chaibasa. The second best place is Chakradharpur, 25 km from Chaibasa on Howrah - Mumbai main line. There are two trains running from Jamshedpur which passes via Chaibasa.
One more train is running from Howrah i.e. Howrah Barbil Jan Shatabdi Express passes via Chaibasa. In 2012 another train from Chakradharpur–Barbil Intercity Express had started passing through Chaibasa.
In 2014 another weekly train started from Visakhapatnam - Tatanagar Weekly Superfast Express which also passes through Chaibasa. Capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi is 145 km away from Chaibasa.
The city does not have a public airport, but there are some helipads.