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Cevimeline

Cevimeline
Cevimeline.svg
Cevimeline 3D.png
Clinical data
Trade namesEvoxac
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa608025
Pregnancy
category
  • C
Routes of
administration
By mouth (capsules)
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding<20%
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC10H17NOS
Molar mass199.31308 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

Cevimeline (trade name Evoxac) is a parasympathomimetic and muscarinic agonist,[1] with particular effect on M1 and M3 receptors. It is used in the treatment of dry mouth and especially associated with Sjögren's syndrome.

Mechanism of action

By activating the M3 receptors of the parasympathetic nervous system, cevimeline stimulates secretion by the salivary glands, thereby alleviating dry mouth.

Side effects

Known side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, rash, headache, runny nose, cough, drowsiness, hot flashes, blurred vision, and difficulty sleeping.[2]

Contraindications include asthma and angle closure glaucoma.[citation needed]

See also

  • Pilocarpine — a similar parasympathomimetic medication for dry mouth (xerostomia)
  • Bethanechol — a similar muscarinic parasympathomimetic with longer-lasting effect

References

  1. ^ Ono M, Takamura E, Shinozaki K, et al. (July 2004). "Therapeutic effect of cevimeline on dry eye in patients with Sjögren's syndrome: a randomized, double-blind clinical study". Am. J. Ophthalmol. 138 (1): 6–17. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2004.02.010. PMID 15234277.
  2. ^ [1] MedicineNet: Cevimeline. Accessed 10/12/2007

External links