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Central Tagbanwa language

Central Tagbanwa
Native toPhilippines
EthnicityTagbanwa people
Native speakers
(2,000 cited 1985)[1]
Tagbanwa alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3tgt

Central Tagbanwa is spoken on Palawan Island in the Philippines. It is not mutually intelligible with the other languages of the Tagbanwa people.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative β s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral l
Rhotic ɾ
Approximant w j
  • /t/ when preceding a high front vowel /i/, is often recognized as an affricate sound [tʃ].
  • /k, ŋ/ when preceding a back vowel sounds, sometimes shift to uvular sounds as [q, ɴ], although, this is not always observed.


Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Open a
  • /ɨ/ frequently tends to shift to a back or central vowel sound as [ɯ], [ə].
  • An [o] sound is often heard when two back vowels are adjacent to one another, or as an allophone of /u/.[3]


  1. ^ Central Tagbanwa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Tagbanwa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Scebold, Robert A. (2003). Central Tagbanwa: a Philippine language on the brink of extinction; sociolinguistics, grammar, and lexicon. Linguistic Society of the Philippines: Special Monograph Issue, 48: Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.