Central Philippine languages are the most geographically widespread demonstrated group of languages in the Philippines, being spoken in southern Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, and Sulu. They are also the most populous, including Tagalog (and Filipino), Bikol, and the major Visayan languages Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Kinaray-a, and Tausug, with some forty languages altogether.
The languages are generally subdivided thus (languages in
italics refer to a single language):
There are in addition several
Aeta hill-tribal languages of uncertain affiliation: Ata, Sorsogon Ayta, Tayabas Ayta, Karolanos (Northern Binukidnon), Magahat (Southern Binukidnon), Sulod, and Umiray Dumaget.
Most of the Central Philippine languages in fact form a
dialect continuum and cannot be sharply distinguished as separate languages. Blust (2009) notes that the relatively low diversity found among the Visayan languages is due to recent population expansions.
The expanded tree of the Central Philippine languages below is given in David Zorc's 1977 Ph.D. dissertation.
The Visayan subgrouping is Zorc's own work, while the Bikol subgrouping is from McFarland (1974)  and the Mansakan subgrouping from Gallman (1974). 
Individual languages are marked by
italics, and primary branches by .
Andrew Gallman (1997)
classifies the Central Philippine languages as follows:
Bikol South Central Philippine (Bisayan)
North East Mindanao
Central East Mindanao
South East Mindanao
Greater Central Philippine (Blust)
notes that the central and southern Philippines has low linguistic diversity. Based on exclusively shared lexical innovations, he posits a  subgroup that puts together the Central Philippine branch with Greater Central Philippine South Mangyan, Palawan, Danao, Manobo, Subanon and Gorontalo–Mongondow languages, the latter found in northern Sulawesi.
Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Philippine". . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Glottolog 3.0
^ Blust, Robert A.
The Austronesian Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, 2009. ISBN 0-85883-602-5, ISBN 978-0-85883-602-0.
^ Zorc, David Paul.
Canberra, Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1977, p. 33. The Bisayan Dialects of the Philippines: Subgrouping and Reconstruction.
^ McFarland, Curtis D.
The Dialects of the Bikol Area. Ph.D. dissertation. New Haven: Dept. of Liunguistics, Yale University, 1974.
^ Gallman, Andrew Franklin.
A Reconstruction of Proto-Mansakan. M.A. dissertation. Arlington, Texas: Dept. of Liunguistics, University of Texas at Arlington, 1974.
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Jaun-Jaun notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Kantilan notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Naturalis notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Odionganon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Sibalenhon (Bantu-anon) notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Pandan notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Bulalakawnon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Dispoholnon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Loocnon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Datagnon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Santa Teresa notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Semirara notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Kuyonon notes
Word list: Zorc, R. David. 1972. . Kuyonon (dialects) notes
^ Gallman, Andrew Franklin. 1997.
Proto East Mindanao and its internal relationships. Philippine Journal of Linguistics, Special monograph issue, no. 44. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.
Blust, Robert (1991). "The Greater Central Philippines hypothesis". Oceanic Linguistics. 30 (2): 73–129. doi: 10.2307/3623084. JSTOR 3623084.