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Central Maluku languages

Central Maluku
Maluku Islands (Indonesia)
Linguistic classificationAustronesian
  • Teor-Kur
  • West
  • East

The Central Maluku languages are a putative group of fifty Austronesian languages (geographically Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages) spoken principally on the Seram, Buru, Ambon, Kei, and the Sula Islands. None of the languages have as many as fifty thousand speakers, and several are extinct.


The traditional components of Central Maluku are the Sula, Buru, and East Central Maluku languages, plus the Ambelau isolate.

Collins (1983)

The following classification of the Central Maluku languages below is from Collins (1983:20, 22) and (1986).[2][3]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Maluku". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Collins, James T. (1983). The Historical Relationships of the Languages of Central Maluku, Indonesia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  3. ^ Collins, J.T. (1986). "Eastern Seram: a subgrouping argument". In Geraghty, P., Carrington, L. and Wurm, S.A. eds, FOCAL II: Papers from the Fourth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. C-94:123-146. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University.