This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.
|Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union
Центральный исполнительный комитет СССР
|Succeeded by||Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Soviet Union
The Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union (Russian: Центральный исполнительный комитет, СССР) was the highest governing body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union, existed from 1922 until 1938, when it was replaced by the Supreme Soviet of first convocation.
Under the 1924 Soviet Constitution, the Central Executive Committee was made up of two chambers: the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. Beside it there were Central Executive Committees in federal republics, such as the All-Russian Central Executive Committee in RSFSR, Belorussian Central Executive Committee in BSSR, the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee in the Ukrainian SSR, and the Central Executive Committee of the Transacaucasian SSR.
The Presidium of the Central Executive Committee consisted of 21 members and included the Presidium of the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. A representative of each constituent republic (initially four) was elected one of the chairmen of the presidium.
As more entities (usually previously Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics) were elevated to the status of constituent republics of the Soviet Union, they received representation among the chairmen of the Presidium:
The 1924 Soviet Constitution defined the powers of the CEC as: