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Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union

Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union
Центральный исполнительный комитет СССР
 Soviet Union
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established 1922
Disbanded 1938
Preceded by Various
Succeeded by Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

The Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union (Russian: Центральный исполнительный комитет, СССР) was the highest governing body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union, existed from 1922 until 1938, when it was replaced by the Supreme Soviet of first convocation.

Structure

Under the 1924 Soviet Constitution, the Central Executive Committee comprised two chambers: the Soviet of the Union (directly elected delegates) and the Soviet of Nationalities (regionally elected delegates). At the constituent republic level there operated Central Executive Committees in each of the federal republics:

Presidium

The Presidium of the Central Executive Committee consisted of 21 members and included the Presidium of the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet of Nationalities. A representative of each constituent republic (initially four) was elected one of the chairmen of the presidium.

As more entities (usually previously Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics) were elevated to the status of constituent republics of the Soviet Union, they received representation among the chairmen of the Presidium:

Powers

The 1924 Soviet Constitution defined the powers of the CEC as:

See also