Sanctus Chamuel, stained-glass window at St Michael's Church, Brighton, England.
|Venerated in||Judaism, Anglicanism|
Camael is probably an alternate spelling of either חַמּוּאֵל (from chammah חַמָּה: "heat", "rage"—"anger/wrath of God") or Qemuel קְמוּאֵל (from qum קוּם: "to arise", "to stand up"—"God is risen", "raised by God", "one who sees/stands before God").
According to poet Gustav Davidson's popular work A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels (1967), he is known as one of the ten Kabbalah angels, assigned to the sephira Gevurah. Camael's name is also included in Pseudo-Dionysius' 5th or 6th century AD, Corpus Areopagiticum as one of the seven Archangels along with Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Jophiel, and Zadkiel. He is claimed to be the leader of the forces that expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden holding a flaming sword. However, in iconography he is often depicted holding a cup.
Camael is not recognized by mainstream Christians, as was included in the Catholic Church in the Vatican's ban on the veneration of angels not mentioned in the Bible in the Directory of Public Piety (2002).
St Chamuel in armour, detail of a stained-glass window at St Laurence Church, Meriden.
Archangel Chamael, stained-glass window at the Main Protestant Chapel in Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, Jacksonville, North Carolina.
The seven archangels window, the figure on the bottom centre represents Chamuel holding in his left hand a flag bearing his attribute (chalice), and in his right hand a staff. Stained glass at St Michael and All Angels Church, Warden, Northumberland.
While on either hand are the archangels: Michael is a glorious figure in armour; Uriel holds the sun; Gabriel bears the lily of the Annunciation; Chemuel, the angel of the Sangreal, stands next him with the sacred cup; and Zophiel, to his left, holds the moon.