Burmeso language, also known as Taurap, is spoken by some 300 people in Burmeso village along the mid Mamberamo River in Mamberamo Tengah subdistrict, Mamberamo Raya Regency, Papua province, Indonesia. It is surrounded by the Kwerba languages to the north, the Lakes Plain languages to the south, and the East Cenderawasih Bay languages to the west.
It forms a branch of
Malcolm Ross's family of East Bird's Head – Sentani languages, but had been considered a language isolate by Stephen Wurm and William A. Foley.
Burmeso has very distinct grammatical structure.
It has SOV word order.
Burmeso independent pronouns are:
Burmeso has six
noun classes, which are:
male humans and associated things (contains half of all nouns)
female humans and associated things
body parts, insects, and lizards; material culture like axes and canoes, some foods; many natural phenomena
the two staple foods: sago tree and banana
arrows, coconuts, and rice (traded items)
Basic vocabulary of Burmeso (singular and plural nominal forms) listed in
Burmeso basic vocabulary
i ~ o
Many Burmeso nouns display irregular and suppletive plural forms.
Burmeso at (18th ed., 2015) Ethnologue
Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Burmeso". . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Glottolog 3.0
^ a b c d e f
Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN . 978-3-11-028642-7