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Burdwan I

Burdwan I
Community development block
Burdwan I is located in West Bengal
Burdwan I
Burdwan I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°19′06″N 87°49′54″E / 23.31833°N 87.83167°E / 23.31833; 87.83167
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur
Assembly constituencyBardhaman Uttar, Bhatar
Area
 • Total96.68 sq mi (250.41 km2)
Elevation
121 ft (37 m)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total215,943
 • Density2,200/sq mi (860/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
713104 (Sarbamangala Bari)
713141 (Talit/ Baghar)
Telephone/STD code0342
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate76.07 per cent
Website[bardhaman.gov.in]

Burdwan I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Baghar, a constituent panchayat of Burdwan I block, is located at 23°19′06″N 87°49′54″E / 23.3184°N 87.8316°E / 23.3184; 87.8316.

Burdwan I CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[1]

Burdwan I CD Block is bounded by Bhatar and Manteswar CD Blocks on the north, Memari II and Burdwan II CD Blocks on the east, Khandaghosh CD Block on the south and Galsi II CD Block on the west.[2]

Burdwan I CD Block has an area of 250.41 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 162 gram sansads (village councils), 80 mouzas and 75 inhabited villages. Burdwan police station and Women police station Burdwan serve this block.[3] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kamnara.[4]

Gram panchayats of Burdwan I block/panchayat samiti are: Baghar I, Baghar II, Belkash, Bondul I, Kshetia, Kurmun I, Rayan I, Rayan II and Saraitikar.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Burdwan I CD Block had a total population of 215,943, of which 175,836 were rural and 40,107 were urban. There were 109,841 (51%) males and 106,102 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,365. Scheduled Castes numbered 65,028 (30.11%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 12,127 (5.62%).[6]

As per 2001 census, Burdwan I block had a total population of 179,774, out of which 92,276 were males and 87,498 were females. Burdwan I block registered a population growth of 23.93 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8] Scheduled castes at 61,087 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 12,309.[9]

Census Towns in Burdwan I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Goda (P) (6,483), Bahir Sarbamangala (P) (12,819), Mirzapur (7,733) and Nari (P) (13,072).[6]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Burdwan I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jagadabad (4,006), Talit (5,240), Krishnapur (6,279), Simdali (5,501), Kharjuli (4,198), Rayan (18,973), Sadhanpur (P) (8181) and Kurmun (8,478).[6]

Other villages in Burdwan I CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Bandul (1,823), Saraitikar (3,383), Belkash (1,244), Baghar (3,395) and Khetia (2,421).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Burdwan I CD Block was 146,493 (76.07% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 80,604 (82.21% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 65,889 (69.70% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 12.51%.[6]

As per 2001 census, Burdwan I block had a total literacy of 68.83 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.68 per cent female literacy was 59.42 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[11]

Religion in Burdwan I CD Block
Hindu
70.81%
Muslim
28.38%
Christian
0.35%
Others
0.46%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 152,908 and formed 70.81% of the population in Burdwan I CD Block. Muslims numbered 61,823 and formed 28.38% of the population. Christians numbered 750 and formed 0.35% of the population. Others numbered 1,002 and formed 0.46% of the population.[12]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[13]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from a household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Burdwan I CD Block was 33.70%.[14]

Economy

Livelihood

In Burdwan I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 12.91%, agricultural labourers 39.56%, household industry workers 3.66% and other workers 43.86%.[3]

Burdwan I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[15]

Infrastructure

There are 75 inhabited villages in Burdwan I CD block. All 75 villages (100%) have power supply. 74 villages (98.67%) have drinking water supply. 18 villages (24.00%) have post offices. 73 villages (97.33%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 46 villages (61.33%) have a pucca (paved) approach road and 60 villages (80.00%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 30 villages (40.00%) have agricultural credit societies. 8 villages (10.67%) have banks.[16]

In 2013-14, there were 105 fertilizer depots, 15 seed stores and 55 fair price shops in the CD Block.[3]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Burdwan I CD Block

  Bargadars (5.32%)
  Patta holders (9.20%)
  Small farmers (6.23%)
  Marginal farmers (23.25%)
  Agricultural labourers (55.99%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognized the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Burdwan I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 5.32%, patta (document) holders 9.20%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.23%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 23.25% and agricultural labourers 55.99%.[3]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Burdwan, I CD Block was 18,147 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 18,102 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, Burdwan I CD Block produced 126,390 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 37,577 hectares, 30,259 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 8,040 hectares, 23,526 tonnes of potatoes from 958 hectares and 398 tonnes of sugarcane from 5 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[3]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[19] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Burdwan I CD Block was 26,510.86 hectares, out of which 26,092.21 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 161.30 hectares by river lift irrigation and 257.35 hectares by deep tube wells.[3]

Banking

In 2013-14, Burdwan I CD Block had offices of 12 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[3]

Transport

Burdwan I CD Block has 9 originating/ terminating bus routes.[3]

The Bardhaman-Asansol section, which is a part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Talit.[26]

The Bardhaman-Katwa line after conversion from narrow gauge to electrified broad gauge was opened to the public on 12 January 2018.[27] There are stations at Kamnara, Khetia and Chamardighi railway station.[28]

Kolkata-Delhi NH 19 (old numbering NH 2)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through this CD Block.[29]

SH 7 running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore (in Paschim Medinipur district) and SH 8 running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) cross at Mirzapur in this CD Block.[30]

SH 13 running from Mollarpui Maghipara (in Birbhum district) to Dankuni (in Hooghly district) crosses NH 19 at Goda.[30]

Education

In 2013-14, Burdwan I CD Block had 117 primary schools with 11,426 students, 10 middle schools with 755 students, 14 high schools with 9,008 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 11,225 students. Burdwan I CD Block had 2 technical/ professional institution with 200 students and 277 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,420 students[3]

As per the 2011 census, in Burdwan I CD block, amongst the 75 inhabited villages, 5 villages did not have schools, 35 villages had two or more primary schools, 30 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 23 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[31]

More than 6,000 schools (in erstwhile Bardhaman district) serve cooked midday meal to more than 900,000 students.[32]

College of Agriculture (Extended Campus of Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidalaya) near Nari.[33]

Burdwan Institute of Management and Computer Science at Dewandighi, Mirzapur was established in 2001.[34][35]

Healthcare

In 2014, Burdwan I CD Block had 1 block primary health centres and 2 primary health centres with total 18 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 24 family welfare subcentres. 1,640 patients were treated indoor and 185,275 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[3]

Kurmun block primary health centre at Kurmun (with 10 beds) is the main medical facility in Burdwan I CD block. There are primary health centres at Baghat (with 4 beds) and Jamar, PO Korar (with 10 beds).[36]

Burdwan I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a moderately high level of arsenic contamination of groundwater.[37]

External links

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  9. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook Barddhaman, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 102 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-14. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info.
  21. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.
  22. ^ "South Eastern Railway Pink Book 2017-18" (PDF). Indian Railways Pink Book.
  23. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  24. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  25. ^ "Howrah Division System Map". ER Railway.
  26. ^ "63509 Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  27. ^ "Baro rail Katwae, jamlo bhidr (Big railway in Katwa, crowd gathers)". Bengali. Ananda Bazar Patrika, 13 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook Barddhaman, Series 20 Part XII A, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Page 725: Map of Burdwan I CD Block. Directorate of Census Operations 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  29. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  30. ^ a b "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  31. ^ "District Census Handbook, Barddhaman, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1082, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  32. ^ "Midday Meal – Burdwan, WB". District Authorities. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  33. ^ "College of Agriculture (Extended Campus of BCKV)". BCKV. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Burdwan Institute of Management and Computer Science". BIMC. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  35. ^ "Burdwan Institute of Management and Computer Science". ICBSE. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  36. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  37. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.