Bunyamwera virus ( BUNV) is a negative-sense, single-stranded enveloped RNA virus. It is the type species of the Orthobunyavirus genus, in the Bunyavirales order.
Bunyamwera virus can infect both humans and
(yellow fever mosquito). Aedes aegypti
It is named for Bunyamwera, a town in western
Uganda, where the type species was isolated in 1943. Reassortant viruses derived from Bunyamwera virus, such as Ngari virus, which has been associated with large outbreaks of viral haemorrhagic fever in Kenya and Somalia.  
The genetic structure of
Bunyamwera virus is typical for viruses, which are a family of enveloped Bunyavirales negative-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses with a genome split into three parts—Small (S), Middle (M), and Large (L). The L RNA segment encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (L protein), the M RNA segment encodes two surface glycoproteins (Gc and Gn) and a nonstructural protein (NSm), while the S RNA segment encodes a nucleocapsid protein (N) and, in an alternative overlapping reading frame, a second nonstructural protein (NSs). The genomic RNA segments are encapsidated by copies of the N protein in the form of  ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. The N protein is the most abundant protein in virus particles and infected cells and, therefore, the main target in many serological and molecular diagnostics.  
Disease in humans
Bunyamwera virus causes Bunyamwera fever.
"Bunyamwera virus (BUNV)".
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