Bunchū (文中) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Kentoku and before Tenju. This period spanned the years from October 1372 to May 1375. The Southern Court emperor in Yoshino during this time-frame was Emperor Chōkei (長慶天皇 Chōkei-tennō). The Northern court emperor in Kyoto was Emperor Go-En'yū (後円融天皇 Go-En'yū-tennō).
The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō
period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:
During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court (南朝 nanchō) had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara.
Until the end of the Edo period, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia were not in their possession.
This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝 hokuchō) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.
Change of era
- 1372, also called Bunchū gannen (文中元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Kentoku 3.
In this time frame, Ōan (1368–1375) was the Southern Court equivalent nengō.
Events of the Bunchū Era
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunchū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 90; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 310-312.
- ^ a b c Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology, p. 199 n57, citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan. p. 140-147.
- ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 310.
- ^ a b Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The "Tokushi Yoron", p. 329.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 311.