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Bun'ō

Bun'ō (文応) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōka and before Kōchō. This period spanned the years from April 1260 to February 1261.[1] The reigning emperor was Kameyama-tennō (亀山天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 1260 Bun'ō gannen (文応元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The years of the Shōgen era was in a period marked by famine and epidemics; and the era name was changed in quick succession in the hope that this might bring them to a close.[3] The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Shōka 3.

Events of the Bun'ō era

  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Crop failures brought widespread starvation.[4]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Nichiren preached in the streets of Kamakura.[5]
  • July 16, 1260 (Bun'ō 1, 7th day of the 6th month): Nichiren submitted a formal remonstrance to Hojo Tokiyori; this was the "Treatise on Securing Peace in the Land through the Establishment of True Buddhism" (Rissho Ankoku Ron)[6]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): Buddhism was introduced from Japan to the Ryūkyū Kingdom.[7]
  • 1260 (Bun'ō 1): The rise of pirates and increased raids from safe havens in Tsushima began to develop into a major problem.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bun'ō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 92, p. 92, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 255-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 232-233.
  3. ^ "The Doctrines and Practice of Nichiren Shoshu". Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
  4. ^ a b Totman, Conrad D. (2000). A history of Japan, p. 110., p. 110, at Google Books
  5. ^ Lloyd, Arthur. (1912). 'The Creed of Half Japan: Historical Sketches of Japanese Buddhism, p. 287, p. 287, at Google Books
  6. ^ The Life of Nichiren, Part 8, "The Matsubagayatsu Persecution"
  7. ^ Schwarz, Henry B. (1908). In Togo's Ccountry: Some Studies in Satsuma and Other Little Known Parts of Japan, p. 130, p. 130, at Google Books

References

External links

Preceded by
Shōgen
Era or nengō
Bun'ō

1260–1261
Succeeded by
Kōchō