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Bulgar–Serb War (853)

Bulgar-Serb War (853)
Part of the Bulgarian–Serbian Wars (medieval)
Serb lands in the 9th century (en).png
Serb lands in the 9th century
Date853 or 854
Location
Central Balkans
Result Serbian victory
Belligerents
Bulgarian Khanate Serbian Principality
Commanders and leaders
Vladimir-Rasate Mutimir
Strojimir
Gojnik
Casualties and losses
Vladimir and 12 boyars captured
Bulgarian Khanate in the 9th century and its territorial expansion under Krum, Omurtag and Presian

The Bulgarian-Serbian War of 853 was fought between the Bulgarian Khanate and the Serbian Principality. It was the second conflict of the medieval Bulgarian–Serbian Wars.[1][2][3]

Prelude and the War

After the death of Prince Vlastimir of Serbia in c. 850, his state was divided between his sons. Vlastimir and Presian, Boris' father, had fought each other in the Bulgar-Serb War (839–42), which resulted in a Serbian victory. Boris sought to avenge that defeat, an in 853 or 854, the Bulgar army led by Vladimir-Rasate, the son of Boris I, invaded Serbia, with the aim to replace the Byzantine overlordship on the Serbs. The Serbian army was led by Mutimir and his two brothers, who defeated the Bulgars, capturing Vladimir and 12 boyars.[4] Boris I and Mutimir agreed on peace (and perhaps an alliance),[1] and Mutimir sent his sons Pribislav and Stefan to the border to escort the prisoners, where they exchanged items as a sign of peace. Boris himself gave them "rich gifts", while he was given "two slaves, two falcons, two dogs, and 80 furs".[5][6][7]

Aftermath

An internal conflict among the Serbian brothers resulted in Mutimir banishing the two younger brothers to the Bulgarian court.[1] Mutimir, however, kept a nephew, Petar, in his court for political reasons.[8] The reason of the feud is not known, though it is postulated that it was a result of treachery.[8] Petar would later defeat Pribislav, Mutimir's son, and take the Serbian throne.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Fine 1991, pp. 141.
  2. ^ Ćirković 2004, pp. 15.
  3. ^ Curta 2006, pp. 145, 167.
  4. ^ Bury 2008, pp. 373-374.
  5. ^ F. Raçki, Documenta historiae Chroatie etc., Zagreb, 1877, p. 359.
  6. ^ П. Шафарик, Славян. древн., II, 1, стр. 289.
  7. ^ Const. Porphyr., ibid., cap. 32, pp. 154–155
  8. ^ a b Đekić, Đ. 2009, "Why did prince Mutimir keep Petar Gojnikovic?", Teme, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 683–688. PDF

Sources

Primary sources
  • Moravcsik, Gyula, ed. (1967) [1949]. Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio (2nd revised ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies.
Secondary sources