Budge Budge II
Community development block
|District||South 24 Parganas|
|• Total||78.00 km2 (30.12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Vehicle registration||WB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Diamond Harbour|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Satgachhia, Budge Budge|
During the Bengal Famine of 1943 the Communist Party of India provided relief to the peasantry of the Sundarbans area. In September 1946 Bangiya Pradeshik Kisan Sabha decided to launch the Tebhaga movement. The peasant movement broke out in Kakdwip, Sonarpur, Bhangar and Canning. Kakdwip and Namkhana were the storm centres of the movement. The movement aimed at improving the share of the peasant engaged as sharecroppers. The prominent leaders of the movement were: Kansari Halder, Ashoke Bose and Rash Behari Ghosh. Peasant leaders like Gajen Malik, Manik Hazra, Jatin Maity, Bijoy Mondal and others rose to prominence. The movement continued till 1950, when the Bargadari Act was enacted. The Act recognised the right of the sharecropper to two-thirds of the produce when he provided the inputs.
During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed among the peasants. Subsequently, Operation Barga was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Budge Budge II CD block 61.97 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 55.83 acres or 90.09% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta (document) holders was 548.
Budge Budge II CD block is located at. It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).
Budge Budge II CD block is bounded by Budge Budge I CD block and Sankrail CD block in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the north, Bishnupur I CD block in the east, Falta CD block in the south, Sankrail and Uluberia I CD blocks in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the west.
South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low-lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.
Budge Budge II CD block has an area of 78.00 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 11 gram panchayats, 150 gram sansads (village councils), 64 mouzas and 61 inhabited villages, as per the District Statistical Handbook for South Twenty-four Parganas. Nodakhali police station serves this block.Headquarters of this CD block is at Dongaria.
Gram panchayats of Budge Budge II CD block/panchayat samiti are: Burul, Chakmanik, Dongaria Roypur, Gaza Poali, Kamra, Kashipur Alampur, Naskarpara, North Bowali, Rania, Satgachhia and South Bowali.
As per the 2011 Census of India, Budge Budge II CD block had a total population of 192,134, of which 135,254 were rural and 56,880 were urban. There were 98,570 (51%) males and 93,564 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,985. Scheduled Castes numbered 38,495 (20.04%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 262 (0.14%).
As per the 2001 Census of India, Budge Budge II CD block had a total population of 173,467, out of which 90,001 were males and 83,466 were females. Budge Budge II CD block registered a population growth of 15.23 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled Castes at 38,059 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,423.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Budge Budge II CD block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chandipur (9,066), Muchisha (4,023), Dongaria (7,425), Baratala (4,595), Telari (4,937) and Burul (7,014).
Other villages in Budge Budge II CD block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Chakmanik (2903), Gaja (3,924), Rania Gobindpur (1,366), Kamra (1,500), Laskarpur (2,495) and Satgachhia (2,129).
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Budge Budge II CD block was 135,428 (79.13% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 73,573 (83.75% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 61,855 (74.26% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 9.49%.
As per the 2001 Census of India, Budge Budge II CD block had a total literacy of 72.46 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 80.24 per cent female literacy was 64.01 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
South 24 Parganas district
|Alipore Sadar subdivision|
|Bishnupur I – 78.33%|
|Bishnupur II – 81.37%|
|Budge Budge I – 80.57%|
|Budge Budge II – 79.13%|
|Thakurpukur Maheshtala – 83.54%|
|Baruipur – 76.46%|
|Bhangar I – 72.06%|
|Bhangar II – 74.49%|
|Jaynagar I – 73.17%|
|Jaynagar II – 69.71%|
|Kultali – 69.37%|
|Sonarpur – 79.70%|
|Basanti – 68.32%|
|Canning I – 70.76%|
|Canning II – 66.51%|
|Gosaba – 78.98%|
|Diamond Harbour subdivision|
|Diamond Harbour I – 75.72%|
|Diamond Harbour II – 76.91%|
|Falta – 77.17%|
|Kulpi – 75.49%|
|Magrahat I – 73.82%|
|Magrahat II – 77.41%|
|Mandirbazar – 75.89%|
|Mathurapur I – 73.93%|
|Mathurapur II – 77.77%|
|Kakdwip – 77.93%|
|Namkhana – 85.72|
|Patharpratima – 82.11%|
|Sagar – 84.21%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
In the 2001 census, Bengali was the mother tongue for 97.9% of the population of the district, followed by Hindi with 1.5%, Urdu 0.3%, Odia and Telugu (0.1% each).
The West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2012, included Hindi, Santhali, Odiya and Punjabi as official languages if it is spoken by a population exceeding 10 per cent of the whole in a particular block or sub-division or a district. Subsequently, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi and Kurmali were also included in the list of minority languages by the West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018.However, as of 2019, there is no official / other reliable information about the areas covered.
In the 2011 Census of India, Hindus numbered 129,778 and formed 67.55% of the population in Budge Budge II CD block. Muslims numbered 61,934 and formed 32.23% of the population. Others numbered 422 and formed 0.22% of the population.
The proportion of Hindus in South Twenty-four Parganas district has declined from 76.0% in 1961 to 63.2% in 2011. The proportion of Muslims in South Twenty-four Parganas district has increased from 23.4% to 35.6% during the same period. Christians formed 0.8% in 2011.
As per the Human Development Report for South 24 Parganas district, published in 2009, in Budge Budge II CD block the percentage of households below poverty line was 34.04%. In the north-west portion of the district Sonarpur CD block followed Budge Budge II CD block with a poverty ratio of 23.36, all other CD blocks had poverty ratio below 20%. As per rural household survey in 2005, the proportion of households in South 24 Parganas with poverty rates below poverty line was 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios. The poverty rates were very high in the Sundarban region with all thirteen CD blocks registering poverty ratios above 30% and eight CD blocks had more than 40% of the population in the BPL category.
In Budge Budge II CD block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 3,896 and formed 5.60%, agricultural labourers numbered 16,068 and formed 23.11%, household industry workers numbered 9,136 and formed 13.14% and other workers numbered 40,442 and formed 58.15%.Total workers numbered 69,542 and formed 36.19% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 122,592 and formed 63.81% of the population.
The District Human Development Report points out that in the blocks of region situated in the close proximity of the Kolkata metropolis, overwhelming majority are involved in the non-agricultural sector for their livelihood. On the other hand, in the Sundarban region, overwhelming majority are dependent on agriculture. In the intermediate region, there is again predominance of the non-agricultural sector. Though the region is not very close to Kolkata, many places are well connected and some industrial/ economic development has taken place.
Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned by self/government/institution. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.
There are 61 inhabited villages in Budge Budge II CD block, as per District Census Handbook, South Twenty-four Parganas, 2011. 100% villages have power supply. 53 villages (86.89%) have drinking water supply. 17 villages (27.87%) have post offices. 58 villages (95.08%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 28 villages (45.90%) have pucca (paved) approach roads and 28 villages (45.90%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 4 villages (6.56%) have banks.
According to the District Human Development Report, agriculture is an important source of livelihood in South Twentyfour Parganas district. The amount of cultivable land per agricultural worker is only 0.41 hectare in the district. Moreover, the irrigation facilities have not been extended to a satisfactory scale. Agriculture mostly remains a mono-cropped activity.
As per the District Census Handbook, the saline soil of the district is unfit for cultivation, but the non-salty lands are very fertile. While rice is the main food crop, jute is the main cash crop.
In the Budge Budge II CD block, in 2013-14, net area under effective pisciculture was 1,161 hectares, engaging 11,964 persons in the profession, and with an approximate annual production of 57,832 quintals.
Pisciculture is an important source of employment in South 24 Parganas district. As of 2001, more than 4.5 lakh people were engaged in Pisciculture. Out of this 2.57 lakhs were from the 13 blocks in the Sundarbans.
South 24 Parganas district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 11 districts of West Bengal.
Budge Budge II CD block has 4 ferry services and 7 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 14 km from the block headquarters.
In 2013-14, Budge Budge II CD block had 93 primary schools with 7,945 students, 7 middle schools with 767 students, 10 high schools with 3,196 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 9,329 students. Budge Budge II CD block had 1 general degree college with 1,429 students and 250 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,785 students.
See also – Education in India
As per the 2011 census, in Budge Budge II CD block, amongst the 61 inhabited villages, 2 villages did not have a school, 28 villages had two or more primary schools, 23 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 17 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.
Certain areas of South 24 Parganas district have been identified where ground water is affected by Arsenic Contamination. High levels of arsenic in ground water were found in twelve CD blocks of the district. Water samples collected from tubewells in the affected places contained arsenic above the normal level (10 micrograms per litre as specified by the World Health Organization). The affected CD blocks are Baruipur, Bhangar I, Bhangar II, Bishnupur I, Bishnupur II, Basanti, Budge Budge II, Canning I, Canning II, Sonarpur, Magrahat II and Jaynagar I.
In 2014, Budge Budge II CD block had 1 rural hospital, 2 primary health centres and 4 private nursing homes with total 61 beds and 11 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 24 family welfare subcentres. 2,666 patients were treated indoor and 108,199 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD block.
As per 2011 census, in Budge Budge II CD block, 1 village had a community health centre, 3 villages had primary health centres, 19 villages had primary health subcentres, 2 villages had maternity and child welfare centres, 1 village had a veterinary hospital, 16 villages had medicine shops and out of the 61 inhabited villages 10 villages had no medical facilities.