He is a contributor to several periodicals and an author of books examining topics related to his areas of expertise — counter-terrorism, Arab-Israeli relations, Persian Gulf security, and South Asia, especially India and Pakistan.
In a February 2013 article published on the website of the Brookings Institution, Riedel discussed "false flag ops" in relation to Algerian counter-terrorism units. In his article "Algeria a Complex Ally in War Against al Qaeda", he described the Algerian counter-terrorism unit DRS and its methods:
"(The) DRS is (…) known for its tactic of infiltrating terrorist groups, creating “false flag” terrorists and trying to control them.", Riedel writes. "Rumors have associated the DRS in the past with the Malian warlord Iyad Ag Ghali, head of Ansar al Dine AQIM’s ally in Mali, and even with Mukhtar Belmukhtar, the al-Qaeda terrorist who engineered the attack on the natural gas plant."
Kenneth M. Pollack; Daniel L. Byman; Akram Al-Turk; Pavel Baev; Michael S. Doran; Khaled Elgindy; Stephen R. Grand; Shadi Hamid; Bruce Jones; Suzanne Maloney; Jonathan D. Pollack; Bruce O. Riedel; Ruth Hanau Santini; Salman Shaikh; Ibrahim Sharqieh; Shibley Telhami; Sarah E. Yerkes (1 October 2011). The Arab Awakening: America and the Transformation of the Middle East. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN978-0-8157-2227-4. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
Avoiding Armageddon: America, India, and Pakistan to the Brink and Back
In the words of reviewer Francesca Silvestri, Bruce Riedel is the most qualified person to deliver a clear picture of American foreign policy in South Asia. Silvestri cites Riedel's extensive research and experience which help in making his book, Avoiding Armageddon: America, India, and Pakistan to the Brink and Back, "one of the most accurate and interesting analyses of the tangled relationship between Washington, New Delhi and Islamabad." Silvestri sees this book as of interest to scholars of South Asia and young students as well as researchers. Roman Chestnov calls it a "comprehensible" and "concise" study of the relationship between India, Pakistan and the United States.
Riedel is married and lives in the US. His wife, whom he met at the CIA, continues to work at the agency as a Middle East analyst.