Brian Moore ( ; bree- AN 25 August 1921 – 11 January 1999), was a  novelist and screenwriter from Northern Ireland   who emigrated to Canada and later lived in the United States. He was acclaimed for the descriptions in his novels of life in Northern Ireland after the  Second World War, in particular his explorations of the inter-communal divisions of The Troubles, and has been described as "one of the few genuine masters of the contemporary novel". He was awarded the  James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1975 and the inaugural award in 1987, and he was Sunday Express Book of the Year shortlisted for the Booker Prize three times (in 1976, 1987 and 1990). Moore also wrote screenplays and several of his books were made into films.
Early life and education
Moore was born and grew up in
Belfast with eight siblings in a large  Roman Catholic family. His grandfather, a severe, authoritarian solicitor, had been a Catholic convert. His father, James Bernard Moore, was a prominent surgeon and the first Catholic to sit on the senate of  Queen's University and his mother, Eileen McFadden Moore, a farmer's daughter from  County Donegal, was a nurse.   His uncle was the prominent  Irish nationalist, Eoin MacNeill, founder of Conradh na Gaeilge (the Gaelic League) and Professor of Irish at University College Dublin.
Moore was educated at
St Malachy's College, Belfast.  He left the College in 1939, having failed his senior exams. The physical description of the school at the heart of  matches closely that of Moore's The Feast of Lupercal alma mater and is widely held to be a lightly fictionalised setting of the College as he unfondly remembered it.
Wartime service and move to North America
Moore was a volunteer
air raid warden during the Second World War and served during the Belfast Blitz in April and May 1941. He went on to serve as a civilian with the British Army in North Africa, Italy and France. After the war ended he worked in Eastern Europe for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
in 1948 he emigrated to Canada to worked as a reporter for the
, and became a Montreal Gazette Canadian citizen. While eventually making his primary residence in California, Moore continued to live part of each year in Canada up to his death.
Moore lived in Canada from 1948 to 1958,
moving to New York in 1959 to take up a  Guggenheim Fellowship and remaining there until his divorce in 1967.  He then moved to the west coast of the United States, settling in  Malibu, California, with his new wife Jean. He taught  creative writing at UCLA.
Novels and themes
Moore wrote his first novels in Canada.
His earliest novels were  thrillers, published under his own name or using the pseudonyms Bernard Mara or Michael Bryan. Moore's first novel outside the genre,  , remains among his most highly regarded. The book was rejected by ten American publishers before being accepted by a British publisher. Judith Hearne It was made into a  film, with British actress Maggie Smith playing the lonely spinster who is the book/film's title character.
Other novels by Moore were adapted for the screen, including
, Intent to Kill , The Luck of Ginger Coffey , Catholics , Black Robe , and Cold Heaven . He co-wrote the screenplay for The Statement Alfred Hitchcock's , and wrote the screenplay for Torn Curtain , based on the novel The Blood of Others by Le Sang des autres Simone de Beauvoir.
Moore criticised his Belfast schooling through his novels
and The Feast of Lupercal . The Emperor of Ice-Cream
Some of his novels feature staunchly anti-doctrinaire and
anti-clerical themes, and he in particular spoke strongly about the effect of the Church on life in Ireland. A recurring theme in his novels is the concept of the Catholic priesthood. On several occasions he explores the idea of a priest losing his faith. At the same time, several of his novels are deeply sympathetic and affirming portrayals of the struggles of faith and religious commitment, most prominently.
Graham Greene said that Moore was his favourite living novelist, though Moore began to regard the label as "a bit of an albatross". 
Moore was married twice. His first marriage, in 1952, was to Jacqueline ("Jackie") Sirois (née Scully), a
French Canadian and fellow-journalist with whom he had a son, Michael (now a professional photographer),  in 1953.  They divorced in October 1967 and Jackie died in January 1976.  Moore married his second wife, Jean Denny, a former commentator on Canadian TV,  in October 1967. 
Moore's beachside house in
Malibu, California was celebrated in Seamus Heaney's poem Remembering Malibu. Moore's widow lived on in the house until it was destroyed in 2018 in the  Woolsey Fire.
Brian Moore died at his Malibu home on 11 January 1999, aged 77, from
pulmonary fibrosis. He had been working on a novel about the 19th-century French symbolist poet  Arthur Rimbaud. His last published work before his death was an essay entitled "Going Home".  It was a reflection inspired by a visit he made to the grave in  Connemara of his family friend, the Irish nationalist Bulmer Hobson. The essay was commissioned by and published in Granta on 7 February 1999. The New York Times Despite Moore's often conflicted attitude to Ireland and his Irishness, his concluding reflection in the piece was "The past is buried until, in Connemara, the sight of Bulmer Hobson's grave brings back those faces, those scenes, those sounds and smells which now live only in my memory. And in that moment I know that when I die I would like to come home at last to be buried here in this quiet place among the grazing cows." 
The Creative Writers Network in Northern Ireland launched in 1996 the
Brian Moore Short Story Awards, which are now open to all authors of Irish descent. Previous judges have included Glenn Patterson, Lionel Shriver, Carlo Gébler and Maeve Binchy.
Moore has been the subject of two biographies,
Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist (1998) by Denis Sampson and Brian Moore: A Biography (2002) by Patricia Craig.  Brian Moore and the Meaning of the Past (2007) by Patrick Hicks provides a critical retrospective of Moore's works. Information about the publishing of Moore's novel, Judith Hearne, and the break-up of his marriage can be found in Diana Athill's memoir, Stet (2000).
In 1975 Moore arranged for his literary materials, letters and documents to be deposited in the Special Collections Division of the
University of Calgary Library, an inventory of which was published by the University of Calgary Press in 1987. Moore's archives, which include unfilmed screenplays, drafts of various novels, working notes, a 42-volume journal (1957–1998), and his correspondence  , are now at The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, at the University of Texas at Austin.
Prizes and honours
Non-fiction and essays
Short story collection
5 (October–November 1951) Northern Review "Fly Away Finger, Fly Away Thumb",
, 17, September 1953 London Mystery Magazine ; reprinted in Great Irish Tales of Horror, ed. Peter Haining, Souvenir Press 1995 "A Vocation",
1 (Autumn 1956): 18–22. Reprinted in Tamarack Review Threshold 2 (Summer 1958): 21–25; reprinted in The Irish Genius, ed. Devin A. Garrity (1960). New York: New American Library, pp. 125–128; reprinted for the Verbal Arts Centre project, 1998 "Lion of the Afternoon",
, November 1957; reprinted in The Atlantic A Book of Canadian Stories, ed. Desmond Pacey (1962) Toronto: Ryerson Press, pp. 283–293 "Next Thing was Kansas City",
The Atlantic, February 1959 "Grieve for the Dear Departed",
The Atlantic, August 1959; reprinted in Pick of Today's Short Stories, no. 12, ed. John Pudney (1960), London: ( Putnam), pp. 179–188 "Uncle T",
, November 1960; reprinted in Gentleman's Quarterly Two Stories, see above "Preliminary Pages for a Work of Revenge",
Midstream 7 (Winter 1961); reprinted in The Dolmen: Miscellany of Irish Writing, eds. John Montague and Thomas Kinsella (1962), Dublin: Dolman, pp. 1–7; reprinted in Canadian Writings Today, ed. Mordecai Richler, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, pp. 135–145; reprinted in Two Stories, see above "Hearts and Flowers",
, 24 November 1961 The Spectator "Off the Track",
Ten for Wednesday Night, ed. Robert Weaver. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1961, pp. 159–167; reprinted in Modern Canadian Stories, eds. Giose Rimanelli and Robert Ruberto (1966), Toronto: Ryerson Press, pp. 239–246 "The Sight",
Irish Ghost Stories, ed. Joseph Hone. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1977, pp. 100–119; reprinted in Black Water, ed. Alberto Manguel, Picador 1983; reprinted in The Oxford Book of Canadian Ghost Stories, ed. Alberto Manguel, Toronto: Oxford University Press 1990 "A Bed in America" (unpublished; later used in Hitchcock film
Torn Curtain) "A Matter of Faith" (unpublished)
The Closing Ritual (1979), unperformed  
Catholics (1980), based on his own novel – ACT Theatre, world premiere: Seattle May 1980 The Game (undated), unperformed 
Other films based on Brian Moore's work
Films about Brian Moore
The Lonely Passion of Brian Moore (1986)  a documentary featuring Moore and looking at what inspired his work  The Man From God Knows Where (1993), BBC Bookmark profile
Fulford, Robert. "Robert Fulford Interviews Brian Moore". 23 (1962), pp. 5–18 Tamarack Review Dahlie, Hallvard. "Brian Moore: An Interview".
Tamarack Review 46 (1968), pp. 7–29 Sale, Richard. "An Interview in London with Brian Moore".
Studies in the Novel 1 (Spring 1969), pp. 67–80 Gallagher, Michael Paul. "Brian Moore Talks to Michael Paul Gallagher",
Hibernia (10 October 1969), p. 18 Cameron, Donald. "Brian Moore".
Conversations with Canadian Novelists, 2. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada (1973), pp. 64–85 Graham, John. "Brian Moore" in Garrett, George, ed.,
The Writer's Voice: Conversations With Contemporary Writers. New York: William Morrow and Company (1973), pp. 51–74 Bray, Richard T., ed. "A Conversation with Brian Moore".
Critic: A Catholic Review of Books and the Arts 35 (Fall 1976), pp. 42–48 De Santana, Hubert. "Interview with Brian Moore".
(11 July 1977), pp. 4–7 Maclean's Aris, Stephen. "Moore's Fistful of Dollars",
(October 1977), pp. 37 The Sunday Times Sharp, Rhoderick. "Brian Moore: an author in exile winning with the luck of the Irish",
, 7 May 1983, p. 7 Glasgow Herald Crowe, Marie. "Marie Crowe Talks to Belfast Writer Brian Moore", in
(21 June 1983), p. 9 The Irish Press
Meyer, Bruce and O'Riordan, Brian. "Brian Moore: In Celebration of the Commonplace", in In Their Words: Interviews With Fourteen Canadian Novelists. Toronto: House of Anansi Press (1984), pp. 169–83 Carty, Ciaran. "Ciaran Carty Talks to Brian Moore",
(2 June 1985), p. 14 Sunday Independent Adair, Tom. "The Writer as Exile", in
Linen Hall Review, 2:4 (1985), pp. 4–6
Foster, John Wilson. "Q & A with Brian Moore", in Irish Literary Supplement: A Review of Irish Books (Fall 1985), pp. 44–45
Haverty, Anne. "The Outsider on the Edge", in (3 November 1985) Sunday Tribune O'Donoghue, Andy. "Dialogue", interview with Brian Moore on
RTÉ Radio 1 (20 February 1986)
Battersby, Eileen. "No Faith, No Hope, But Clarity: Eileen Battersby in Belfast With the Novelist Brian Moore", Sunday Tribune, (27 April 1990) Carlson, Julia., ed. "Brian Moore" in
Banned in Ireland: Censorship and the Irish Writer. University of Georgia Press (1990) ISBN 978-0820312026 Christie, Tom.
"An Irishman In Malibu: Novelist Brian Moore Has Left Behind His Homeland And Dodged Celebrity In Favor Of An Independent-minded And Highly Successful Literary Life", in (1 March 1992) Los Angeles Times Ford, Nigel. "An Interview With Brian Moore", on
Bookshelf, BBC Radio 4 (5 March 1993) O'Donoghue, Jo. "From the Abstract Sands: Interview with Brian Moore", in
Books Ireland (November 1995), pp. 269–71 Battersby, Eileen. "Perennial Outsider", a full-page interview in
(12 October 1995) The Irish Times Rees, Jasper. "Novel way to Miss the Booker Prize", in
[UK] (24 September 1997), 'Eye' pp. 3–4 The Independent Hicks, Patrick. "Brian Moore and Patrick Hicks", in Irish University Review Vol. 30, No. 2 (Autumn – Winter, 2000), pp. 315–320 (The last known interview with Brian Moore)
Books and articles about Brian Moore and his work
Athill, Diana. Stet: a memoir, London: Granta ISBN 1-86207-388-0, 2000
Craig, Patricia. Brian Moore: A Biography, Bloomsbury Publishing, ISBN 978-0747560043, 2002 Cronin, John. "Ulster's Alarming Novels",
Eire-Ireland IV (Winter 1969), p. 27–34 Dahlie, Hallvard.
Brian Moore, Toronto: The Copp Clark Publishing Co., 1969 Dahlie, Hallvard.
Brian Moore, Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1981 Flood, Jeanne.
Brian Moore, Lewisburg, Penn.: Bucknell University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1974
Foster, John Wilson. "Passage Through Limbo: Brian Moore's North American Novels", Critique XIII (Winter 1971), pp. 5–18 Foster, John Wilson.
Forces and Themes in Ulster Fiction, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1974, pp. 122–130; 151–185
Hicks, Patrick. "History and Masculinity in Brian Moore's "The Emperor of Ice-Cream", The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1/2 (Jul–Dec 1999), pp. 400–413 Gearon, Liam. "No other life: Death and Catholicism in the works of Brian Moore",
Journal of Beliefs and Values, Vol 19, No 1, pp. 33–46, 1998 Hicks, Patrick. "Brian Moore's The Feast of Lupercal and the Constriction of Masculinity",
New Hibernia Review, Vol 5, No 3, pp. 101–113, Fómhar/Autumn 2001 
Hicks, Patrick. "The Fourth Master: Reading Brian Moore Reading James Joyce". Ariel. 38: 2–3. , Apr–Jul 2007 Hicks, Patrick. "Sleight-of-Hand: Writing, History and Magic in Brian Moore's The Magician's Wife",
Commonwealth Essays and Studies ["Postcolonial Narratives" Issue] 27, 2 (Spring 2005), pp. 87–95. Hicks, Patrick.
Brian Moore and the Meaning of the Past, Edwin Mellen Press Ltd., ISBN 0773454039, ISBN 978-0773454033, 2007 Koy, Christopher. "Representations of the Quebecois in Brian Moore's Novels",
Considering Identity: Views on Canadian Literature and History Olomouc: Palacký University Press, 2015, pp. 141–156.  McSweeney, Kerry.
Four Contemporary Novelists. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, ISBN 9780773503991, 1983, pp. 55–99 O'Donoghue, Jo.
Brian Moore: A Critical Study, Montreal and Kingston: McGill University Press, 1991 Prosky, Murray. "The Crisis of Identity in the Novels of Brian Moore",
Eire-Ireland VI (Fall 1971), pp. 106–118
Sampson, Denis. "'Home: A Moscow of the Mind': Notes on Brian Moore's Transition to North America" in Colby Quarterly, vol. 31, issue 1 (March 1995). pp. 46–54  Sampson, Denis.
Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist, Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 1998 Schumacher, Antje.
Brian Moore's Black Robe: Novel, Screenplay(s) and Film (European University Studies. Series 14: Anglo-Saxon Language and Literature. Vol. 494), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Language: English ISBN 3631603215 ISBN 978-3-631-60321-5, 2010 Sullivan, Robert. A Matter of Faith: The Fiction of Brian Moore, London and Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, ISBN 978-0313298714, 1996
References and footnotes
Dahlie, Hallvard (1999). "Brian Moore, 1921–99". In Memoriam. University of Calgary . Retrieved . 24 April 2014
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Lee, Hermione (14 February 1993). "BOOK REVIEW / Nomadic life of Brian: It's hard to keep up with Brian Moore, an Irishman with Canadian citizenship living in Malibu whose new novel is based on Haiti. But it's time his work was acclaimed". Independent on Sunday . Retrieved . 25 August 2014
"Brian Moore: Forever influenced by loss of faith". . 12 January 1999 BBC Online . Retrieved . 23 September 2011
Cronin, John (13 January 1999). "Obituary: Shores of Exile". The Guardian . Retrieved . 23 September 2011
^ a b
Walsh, John (14 January 1999). "Obituary: Brian Moore". The Independent . Retrieved . 31 August 2012
Flanagan, Thomas (17 January 1999). "Brian Moore: An Appreciation". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . 25 April 2014
"Brian Moore". Culture Northern Ireland. 25 November 2008. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013 . Retrieved . 24 August 2012
Flood, Jeanne (1974). . Brian Moore Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Bucknell University Press. ISBN 9780838779729 . Retrieved . 21 August 2012
^ a b c d e
Smith, Dinitia (12 January 1999). "Brian Moore, Prolific Novelist on Diverse Themes, Dies at 77". The New York Times . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
^ a b c d
Moore, Brian (7 February 1999). "Going Home". The New York Times . Retrieved . 3 January 2014
Spencer, Clare (6 May 2011). "Why do some schools produce clusters of celebrities?". BBC News . Retrieved . 24 August 2012
^ a b
Lynch, Gerald (16 December 2013). "Brian Moore". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
Blades, John (5 January 1998). "Brian Moore: Travels of a Literary Infidel". Publishers Weekly . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
^ a b
Sampson, Denis (1998). Brian Moore: The Chameleon Novelist. Toronto: Doubleday Canada.
"Local Writing legends – Brian Moore: Growing Up". Get Writing NI. BBC . Retrieved . 8 November 2012
Prose, Francine (2 September 1990). "The Reluctant Terrorist". The New York Times . Retrieved . 29 October 2012
Boland, Rosita (13 January 1999). "Praise for Moore's lasting impact on Irish fiction". The Irish Times . Retrieved . 14 August 2018
^ a b
Bradfield, Scott (14 December 2018). "The Woolsey fire destroyed a literary haven, but the stories of Brian Moore's house remain". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . 11 March 2019
Byrne, James P; Coleman, Philip; King, Jason (2008). . Ireland and the Americas: Culture, Politics and History, vol.1 Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO Inc. p. 610. ISBN . 978-1-85109-614-5
^ a b
Craig, Patricia (2002). Brian Moore: A Biography. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 194 and 224.
"His Own Pursuit of An Older Woman Sparked Brian Moore's Latest Novel". . 25 October 1976 People . Retrieved . 30 June 2018
Fulford, Robert (12 January 1999). "A writer who never failed to surprise his readers". The Globe and Mail . Retrieved . 28 August 2012
"Brian Moore Short Story Awards". Culture Northern Ireland. 9 January 2009 . Retrieved . 24 August 2012
"Patricia Craig". Culture Northern Ireland. 5 September 2006 . Retrieved . 6 July 2015
Athill, Diana (2000) Stet: a memoir, London: Granta ISBN 1-86207-388-0
Chevrefils, Marlys; Tener, Jean; Steele, Apollonia (1987). . The Brian Moore papers, First Accession and Second Accession: an inventory of the archive at the University of Calgary Libraries University of Calgary Press . Retrieved . 19 January 2018 CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter ( link)
^ a b
"Brian Moore: A Preliminary Inventory of His Papers". Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
O'Toole, Fintan (17 January 1999). "Brian Moore: An Appreciation". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . 31 August 2012
McSweeney, Kerry (1983). Four Contemporary Novelists. Kingston, Ontario and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; London: Scolar Press. pp. 55–99. "The essential sameness of the Belfast of the post-1970 Troubles and the city he lived in from his birth in 1921 until his early twenties is the subject of Moore's finest piece of non-fictional prose."
"The Mangan inheritance". Catalogue. Aberdeen City Council. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015 . Retrieved . 31 March 2015
^ a b c
Crowley, Michael (Summer 1998). "Stage and Screen: A Brian Moore Filmography". Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review. 87 (346): 142–144. JSTOR 30091888.
^ a b c
"Famous works". Brian Moore Biography (1921–1999). Film Reference . Retrieved . 3 April 2014
"Our Collection: The Sight". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012 . Retrieved . 24 August 2012
Sauter, van Gordon (10 April 1988). "Just Color Moore a Novelist". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . 3 April 2014
"Our Collection: Uncle T". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012 . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
"Our Collection: The Lonely Passion of Brian Moore". National Film Board of Canada. 2 May 2012 . Retrieved . 19 January 2018
Koy, Christopher (2015). "Representations of the Québécois in Brian Moore's Novels". Considering Identity: Views on Canadian Literature and History. Olomouc: Palacky University: 141–156.
Sampson, Denis (March 1995). ". 'Home: A Moscow of the Mind': Notes on Brian Moore's Transition to North America" Colby Quarterly. 31 (1): 46–54.