French Black People Total population Approximately 3-5 million (2008); it is illegal for the French State to collect data on ethnicity and race. Regions with significant populations Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Nantes, Lille, French West Indies, French Guiana, Réunion, Mayotte, New Caledonia Languages French; various African languages, French Creoles and others Religion Islam, Christianity, Atheism, Irreligion
French Black people or Black people in France (French: Noirs de France), are French citizens or residents who are of black African origin.
Although it is illegal for the French state to collect data on ethnicity and race (a law with its origins in the
1789 revolution and reaffirmed in the constitution of 1958), various population estimates exist. An article in  in 2008 stated that estimates vary between 3 million and 5 million. The New York Times It is estimated that four out of five black people in France are of African immigrant origin, with the minority being chiefly of Caribbean ancestry.  
Some organizations, such as the
Representative Council of France's Black Associations (French: Conseil représentatif des associations noires de France, CRAN), have argued in favor of the introduction of data collection on minority groups but this has been resisted by other organizations and ruling politicians,  often on the grounds that collecting such statistics goes against France's secular principles and harks back to  Vichy-era identity documents. During the  2007 presidential election, however, Nicolas Sarkozy was polled on the issue and stated that he favoured the collection of data on ethnicity. Part of a parliamentary bill which would have permitted the collection of data for the purpose of measuring discrimination was rejected by the  Conseil Constitutionnel in November 2007.
In French politics
Afro-French members of the French Parliament or government from overseas France
There have been dozens of Afro-Caribbean or Afro-French MPs representing overseas electoral districts at the French National Assembly or at the French Senate, and several government members.
Roger Bambuck, Minister of Youth and Sports from 1988 to 1991.
Aimé Césaire, mayor of Fort-de-France and deputy from Martinique for the PCF/ Martinican Progressive Party.
Félix Éboué, French Guianan-born colonial administrator and Free French leader.
Laura Flessel-Colovic, she became the Sport Minister in 2017.
Serge Letchimy, deputy for Martinique Socialist Party, Letchimy is also of partial Tamil descent.
Gaston Monnerville, politician and lawyer, he was the president of the Senate from 1958 to 1968. Christiane Taubira, deputy from French Guiana, was the first black candidate to a French presidential election, in 2002. In 2012, she became the Justice Minister until 2016.
Afro-French people elected in metropolitan France
Severiano de Heredia, president of the municipal council of Paris (1879–1880/ sort of mayor of Paris ), deputy for Paris (1881–1889), minister (1887)
Blaise Diagne (1872-1934), first black African elected to the French Chamber of Deputies, and the first to hold a position in the French government.
Élie Bloncourt (1896–1978), second Black metropolitan deputy (1936–40, 1945–47), first Black metropolitan general councillor (1934–40, 1945–51) 
Ernest Chénière (1945–), former deputy for Oise (1993–97) Raphaël Élizé (
fr) (1891–1945), first Black metropolitan mayor (1929–40) 
Hélène Geoffroy, deputy for Rhône, mayor
Gaston Monnerville (1897–1991), first Black metropolitan senator (1946–1974), president of the French Senate (1947–68), mayor, president of Lot's general council
George Pau-Langevin, Paris deputy (2007–12), junior minister (2012–2014), Minister for Overseas (2014–)
Arthur Richards (1890–1972), general councillor in Bordeaux (1951–1964), deputy for Gironde (1958–67)
Rama Yade, former minister and secretary of State
Harlem Désir, former minister for European Affairs and MEP, former First Secretary of the French Socialist Party
Kofi Yamgnane, former minister, former MP, former mayor, former general councillor in Brittany.
Hervé Berville, Rwandan Genocide survivor, French economist and politician, Côtes-d'Armor MP for La République En Marche! since June 2017, party spokesperson.
Seybah Dagoma, then 34-year-old lawyer of Chadian descent and founding member of a left-wing think tank, was elected in a Parisian constituency in 2012 and in office until 2017.
Laetitia Avia, lawyer of Togolese descent, member of the National Assembly for the 6th constituency of Paris since 2017. Danièle Obono, Gabonese descent MP for La France Insoumise representing the 17th Paris constituency since the legislative elections of 2017.
Frantz Fanon, Marxist, existentialist and anti-colonial author and activist. Renounced his French citizenship.
Kémi Séba, Pan-Africanist political leader, writer, activist and geopolitical analyst for various African television channels
Louis-Georges Tin, president of the Representative Council of France's Black Associations and founder of the International Day Against Homophobia Rokhaya Diallo, French journalist, BET-France host, author, filmmaker, and activist for racial, gender and religious equality.
Christine Arron, track and field sprint athlete
Laura Flessel-Colovic, fencer
Constantin Henriquez, Olympic rugby union player
Yannick Noah, last French Roland-Garros winner to this day (1983), current French Davis Cup coach
Gaël Monfils, tennis player
Teddy Riner, judoka
Francis Ngannou, mixed martial artist
Vanessa James, Olympic figure skater Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, tennis player
In entertainment and media
American-born Josephine Baker in 1932
Josephine Baker, dancer and singer
Daniel Picouly, author
Fatou Diome, best-selling and award-winning author of Senegalese origin. Élé Asu, journalist and TV presenter of
Édouard Montoute, French actor and thespian Dominique Thimbakala, TV newscaster for
BFM TV Kareen Guiock, TV newscaster for
Mouss Diouf, actor
Miss Dominique, singer
Fabe, rapper Hélène and Célia Faussart (
Les Nubians), singing duo
Aissa Maiga, actress
Sonia Rolland, actress
Hubert Kounde, actor and thespian
Lord Kossity, Dancehall musician
Dieudonné M'bala M'bala, comedian and anti-zionist activist
Fab Morvan, model and singer, half of Milli Vanilli
Audrey Pulvar, newscaster and journalist
Firmine Richard, actress
Harry Roselmack, newscaster
Omar Sy, César-winning actor
Olivier Coipel, comic book artist
Black M, rapper
MC Solaar, cult French rapper
Shy'm, pop singer Les Twins, new-style hip-hop dancers
European / African (or Afro-Caribbean) descent
Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, general in the French Revolution and father of Alexandre Dumas
Thierry Dusautoir, rugby player
Chevalier de Saint-Georges, composer, conductor, and violinist, master fencer and military man.
Rudy Gobert, basketball player
Noémie Lenoir, model
Chloé Mortaud, Miss France 2009
Anais Mali, model
Sonia Rolland, actress, Miss France 2000
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, tennis player
Gaël Monfils, tennis player
Flora Coquerel, Miss France 2014
Alicia Aylies, Miss France 2017
Willy William, singer and producer Cindy Bruna, model
^ a b
Oppenheimer, David B. (2008). "Why France needs to collect data on racial identity...in a French way". Hastings International and Comparative Law Review. 31 (2): 735–752. SSRN . 1236362
Kimmelman, Michael (17 June 2008). "For blacks in France, Obama's rise is reason to rejoice, and to hope". The New York Times . Retrieved . 27 October 2009
Bennhold, Katrin (3 August 2006). "Black anchor fills top spot on French TV". International Herald Tribune. p. 2 . Retrieved . 27 October 2009
"Franceblack" . Retrieved . 6 April 2010
Louis-Georges, Tin (2008). "Who is afraid of Blacks in France? The Black question: The name taboo, the number taboo". French Politics, Culture & Society. 26 (1): 32–44. doi: 10.3167/fpcs.2008.260103.
"Black residents of France say they are discriminated against". International Herald Tribune. 31 January 2007 . Retrieved . 27 October 2009
"France's ethnic minorities: To count or not to count". The Economist. 390 (8624): 62. 28 March 2009.
Chrisafis, Angelique (24 February 2007). "French presidential candidates divided over race census". The Guardian. p. 25 . Retrieved . 27 October 2009
^ Pierre-Yves Lambert, "
Conseillers généraux d'origine non-européenne Archived 15 July 2012 at Archive.today", Suffrage Universel
^ Pierre-Yves Lambert, "
Maires métropolitains d'origine non-européenne Archived 14 July 2012 at Archive.today", Suffrage Universel