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Black armband

Richard Norris Wolfenden wearing a black armband, c. 1905.
Franklin D. Roosevelt wearing a black armband after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, in mourning of his mother, who had previously died.
Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, in 1614 portrait wearing black armband; probably worn in memory of her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.[citation needed]

In Western culture, a black armband signifies that the wearer is in mourning or wishes to identify with the commemoration of a family friend, comrade or team member who has died. This use is particularly common in the first meeting following the loss of a member. In association football, it is common for a team to wear black armbands in their next match after the death of a former player or manager. This may also be accompanied by a moment of silence at the start of the match.

The phrase "black armband view of history" was introduced to the Australian political lexicon by conservative historian Geoffrey Blainey in 1993 to describe views of history which, he believed, posited that "much of [pre-multicultural] Australian history had been a disgrace" and which focused mainly on the treatment of minority groups, especially Aborigines.[1] The term was used by Prime Minister John Howard, whose perspective on Australian history strongly contrasted with what he called the black armband view.[2]

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