Sri Bhupendranath Datta
শ্রী ভূপেন্দ্রনাথ দত্ত
4 September 1880
|Died||25 December 1961 (aged 81)|
|Education||New York University, Brown University, University of Hamburg|
|Occupation||Revolutionary, Freedom Fighter, Biological Anthropologist|
|Known for||brother of Swami Vivekananda|
|1.Baishnaba sahitye.(in Bengali)
2.Bharatera dvitiya svadhinatara samgrama: Aprakasita rajanitika. (in Bengali) 3.Bharatiya samaja-paddhati. (in Bengali) 4.Dialectics of Hindu ritualism. 5.Studies in Indian Social Polity6.Swami Vivekananda, Patriot-prophet: A Study
|Political party||Jugantar , Ghadhar Party|
|Movement||Indian Independence Movement|
|Relatives||Swami Vivekananda ,Mahendranath Datta(both elder brother),Sarnabala Devi(elder sister),Vishwanath Datta(father),Bhubaneshwari Devi(mother),Durgaprasad Datta(paternal grandfather),Raghumani Basu(maternal grandmother).|
Bhupendranath Datta (4 September 1880 – 25 December 1961) was an Indian revolutionary and later a noted sociologist and anthropologist. He associated Rishi Aurobindo in his political works. In his youth, he was closely associated with the Jugantar movement, serving as the editor of Jugantar Patrika till his arrest and imprisonment in 1907. In his later revolutionary career, he was privy to the Indo-German Conspiracy. His elder brother was Swami Vivekananda. The Asiatic Society today holds the Dr. Bhupendranath Datta memorial lecture in his honour.
Datta was a writer too. He wrote several books on Indian culture and society. He wrote a book named "Swami Vivekananda, Patriot-prophet".
Datta was born on 4 September 1880 in Kolkata (then known as Calcutta). His parents were Vishwanath Datta and Bhuvaneshwari Datta. He had two elder brothers Narendranath Datta (later known as Swami Vivekananda) and Mahendranath Datta. Vishwanath Datta was an attorney of Calcutta High Court and Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a housewife. Datta was enrolled in Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar's Metropolitan Institution from where he passed entrance examination. In his youth, he joined Brahmo Samaj led by Keshub Chandra Sen and Debendranath Tagore. Here he met Sivanath Sastri who deeply influenced him. Datta's religious and social beliefs were shaped by Brahmo Samaj which included belief in a caste-less society, in a single God and revolts against superstitions.
Datta decided to join Indian independence movement, and joined Bengal Revolutionary Society formed by Pramathanath Mitra in 1902. In 1906 he became the editor of the newspaper Jugantar Patrika. This newspaper was the mouthpiece of the Revolutionary Party of Bengal. In this period he became a close associate of Sri Aurobindo and Barindra Ghosh.
After release in 1908 he left India for the United States. After his arrival, he stayed at the "India House" for a while. He finished his post-graduate studies and obtained an M.A. degree from Brown University.
Datta joined Ghadar Party of California and there he studied about socialism and communism. During World War I, he went to Germany and started revolutionary and political activities there. In 1916 he became the secretary of Indian Independence Committee in Berlin. He remained the secretary of this organisation till 1918. He took memberships of German Anthropological Society in 1920 and German Asiatic Society in 1924.
In 1921 Datta went to Moscow to join Comintern. Manabendra Nath Roy and Birendranath Dasgupta also attended this year's Comintern. During the Datta presented Vladimir Lenin a research paper on political condition of contemporary India. He obtained a doctorate degree in Anthropology from the University of Hamburg in 1923.
Then he returned to India and decided to join Indian National Congress. He became members of Bengal Regional Congress in 1927—28 and All India Congress Committee in 1929. In the annual conference of Indian National Congress organised in Karachi in 1930, he proposed a fundamental right for Indian farmers and had it accepted by Congress Committee led by Jawaharlal Nehru. He chaired two All India Trade Union Congress' annual conference. He was arrested for his political activities.