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Bhai Nand Lal

Bhai Nand Lal
ਭਾਈ ਨੰਦ ਲਾਲ
بھائی نند لال سنگھ
BornNand Lal
1633
Ghazni, Mughal Empire (now Afghanistan)
Died1713
Multan, Mughal Empire (now Punjab, Pakistan)
Resting placeMultan
Pen name'Goya
OccupationPoet
LanguagePersian, Arabic, Punjabi
EducationPersian, Arabic, Mathematics
Period1633-1713

Bhai Nand Lal (Persian: بھائی نند لال سنگھ, Punjabi: ਭਾਈ ਨੰਦ ਲਾਲ, Hindi: भाई नंद लाल, 1633–1713), also known as Bhai Nand Lal Singh, was a 17th-century Sikh poet in the Punjab region.[1] He was one of the fifty-two poets of Guru Gobind Singh's Darbar (court). He was born in Ghazni in Afghanistan to father Chhajju Mal who was a famous Persian scholar himself. Bhai Sahib lived in Multan and later became a courtier in Darbar (court) of Guru Gobind Singh; the tenth Sikh Guru.

Life

He was provided education in Arabic, Persian, and Mathematics during his early years. At the age of 12 he started writing poetry in Persian under the pen name Goya. At the age of 17 he lost his mother, and two years later his father. In 1652, he went to Multan and settled over there, and was married to a Sikh girl. Thereafter, he became inclined towards Sikhism, met Guru Gobind Singh in 1682 and later became Amritdhari. In 1707, he finally left his job with Prince Muazzam and appeared before Guru Gobind Singh. He came to Multan again in 1712 after the death of Bahadur Shah I and started a school of Arabic and Persian. He died in 1713 when in Multan.

Works

Some of his major works includes :

  1. Diwan-E-Goya
  2. Zindaginama
  3. Ganjnama
  4. Tankhahnama
  5. Jot Bigaas
  6. Arz-Ul-Alfaaz
  7. Tausif-O-Sana
  8. Khatimaat (poetry)
  9. Dastoor-Ul-Insha
  10. Faiz-E-Noor

See also

References

  1. ^ Singh, Pashaura; Fenech, Louis E. (2014-03-27). The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. OUP Oxford. p. 168. ISBN 9780191004117.

External links