Beyliks of Canik
Shown as Canik,
Center-east Black Sea coast, yellow
• Collapse of the Sultanate of Rum
• Annexation by the Ottoman Empire
|Today part of||Turkey|
Beyliks of Canik (Turkish: Canik beylikleri) is a name given to a group of small Turkoman principalities in northern Anatolia during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. A. Bryer connects the toponyme Chanik with the name "Chani" which the Laz people call themselves.
After the battle of Kösedağ in 1243, the Ilkhanid Mongols achieved a hegemony over Anatolia. The Seljuk sultans became the puppets of Ilkhanids and the former generals of Seljuks as well as Turkoman tribes within Seljuk realm who accepted the suzerainty of Ilkhanids, established themselves as semi independent principalities called beylik. However, the middle Black Sea region of Anatolia lacked a dominant leader, and a series of beyliks emerged, ruled by the members of the same family. Those beyliks were smaller than the beyliks in the other regions of Anatolia and they were nominal vassals of Eretna. They lived in a frequent warfare and their history is highly turbulent. Historians call all of them Beyliks of Canik. (Nowadays Canik is the name of a mountain system in the Middle Black Sea region as well as one of the second level municipalities of Greater Samsun)
In the following table the names usually refer to the founder of the beylik, (where the suffix "...oğulları" means "sons of") with the exception of Bafra which is the name of the capital city of the beylik.
|Name of the beylik||Capital||End of duration|
|Beylik of Bafra||Bafra||1460|
All of the beyliks were incorporated in the Ottoman Empire.
Some members of the dynasties are:
States in late medieval Anatolia (after 1071)