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Battle of Trnava (1430)

Battle of Trnava (1430)
Part of the Hussite Wars
Wagenburg.jpg
The wagon fort was the typical tactics of Hussites – an old sketch from the 15th century.
Date23–28 April 1430
Location
Trnava (Nagyszombat),
Kingdom of Hungary
(today: Slovakia)
Result Hussite pyrrhic victory
Belligerents

Holy Roman Empire

Flag of Sigismund of Hungary.svg Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of the Serbian Despotate.svg Serbian Despotate

Hussite Coalition

Commanders and leaders
Arms of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor.svg Emperor Sigismund
Flag of Hungary (15th century, rectangular).svg Stibor II of Stiboricz
Coat of arms of the Serbian Despotate.svg John of Maroth
Velek Koudelník of Březnice  
Prokop the Lesser
Strength
10,000-12,000 10,000
Casualties and losses
6,000 8,000

The Battle of Trnava or Battle of Nagyszombat was a battle in the Hussite Wars between the Hussites and the Hungarian-Royalists-Serbian army near Trnava (Nagyszombat) in the Kingdom of Hungary (today in Slovakia). The battle was fought in three phases, on 23, 25 and 28 April 1430[1][2] and ended in Hussite victory.

In the summer of 1430, 10,000 Hussites from Moravia invaded Hungary under Velek Koudelník of Březnice. The Hussites in Pozsony County looted and set on fire 100 villages. Against Koudelník stood an army under Sigismund, and Stibor of Stiboricz. The army included Hungarian and Transylvanian soldiers and Serbs. Another army under Jan Mátik z Tolovec was composed of Royalists. Mátik was jealous of Stiboricz, because of the trust placed in Stiboricz by Sigismund. At the front of the army, Stiboricz and the Hungarian-Serbian forces charged the Hussites, but Mátik and the Royalists deliberately hung back. The Royalists army belatedly arrived; the plan of campaign was a concentrated charge against the Hussite war-wagons. Koudelník was killed in the battle, and Sigismund's army was forced to flee.

In the battle, 6,000 Royalists, Serbian and Hungarian troops, and 8,000 Husites were killed. In 1431 the Hussite army again invaded Upper Hungary, but Miklós Rozgonyi defeated the Hussites in the battle of Ilava.

References

  1. ^ Lysý 2007, p. 420.
  2. ^ Segeš & Šeďová 2013, p. 17.

Sources

  • Lysý, Miroslav (2007). "Husitské vpády do Uhorska 1428 – 1431" [The Hussite Raids into the Kingdom of Hungary in 1428 – 1431]. Historický časopis (in Slovak) (3). Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  • Segeš, Vladimír; Šeďová, Božena, eds. (2013). Pramene k vojenským dejinám slovenska I/3 1387 – 1526 [The Sources to the Military History of Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: Vojenský historický ústav. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  • Varsík, Branislav (1965). Husitske revolučné hnutie a Slovensko [The Hussite revolution movement and Slovakia] (in Slovak). Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied.
  • A Nagyszombati csata (Magyar Katolikus Lexikon)