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Battle of Changsha (1942)

Battle of Changsha (1942)
Part of the Second Sino-Japanese War of World War II
Battle of Changsha.jpg
A Chinese soldier mounts his ZB vz. 26 light machine gun at Changsha, January 1942.
Date24 December 1941–15 January 1942
Location
Result Chinese victory
Belligerents
Republic of China (1912–1949) National Revolutionary Army Japan Imperial Japanese Army
Japan Imperial Japanese Navy
Commanders and leaders
Republic of China (1912–1949) Xue Yue Japan Korechika Anami
Strength
300,000 soldiers 120,000 soldiers[1]
600 pieces of artillery[1]
200 aircraft[1]
Casualties and losses
Japanese claim:
28,612 killed
1,065 captured[2]

Japanese claim:
1,591 killed
4,412 wounded[3]


American claim:
52,000 Killed[4]

The third Battle of Changsha (24 December 1941 – 15 January 1942) was the first major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies.

The offensive was originally intended to prevent Chinese forces from reinforcing the British Commonwealth forces engaged in Hong Kong. With the capture of Hong Kong on 25 December, however, it was decided to continue the offensive against Changsha in order to maximize the blow against the Chinese government.[1]

The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Hsiung, James Chieh; Levine, Steven I. China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945, p. 158
  2. ^ Senshi Shoso, "Hong Kong and Changsha" pp. 665
  3. ^ Japanese Monograph No. 71, Army Operations in China pp. 76.
  4. ^ [www.youtube.com]