Basilinopolis or Basilinoupolis was a town in Bithynia Prima (civil Diocese of Pontus), which obtained the rank of a city under, or perhaps shortly before, Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate, whose mother was Basilina.
Its exact site is not known. W. M. Ramsay, placed it on the western side of the Lake of Nicaea, near Pazarköy, between Kios (now Gemlik) and Nicaea (Iznik). Modern scholars tentatively identify its site near Yalakdere in Kocaeli Province.
It was a suffragan of the Metropolis of Nicomedia, in the sway of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.
At the Council of Chalcedon (451), the Metropolitans of Nicomedia and Nicaea were in sharp dispute about jurisdiction over the see of Basilinopolis. The council decided to assign it as a suffragan of Nicomedia. It was still reckoned as such in 1170 under Byzantine emperor Manuel Comnenus.
The see does not figure in a Notitia episcopatuum of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople after the 15th century, probably indicating that the city was destroyed in the Osmanli conquest.
Historically documented bishops were :
Catholic titular see
The diocese was nominally restored in no later than the 17th century as Latin titular bishopric of Basilinopolis (Latin; adjective Basilinopolitanus) or Basilinopoli (Curiate Italian).
It is vacant since 1973, having had the following incumbents, all of episcopal rank :
- Gregory Luo Wen-zao (Lopez) (羅文藻), O.P. (1674.01.03 – 1690.04.10)
- Edme Bélot, M.E.P. (1696.10.20 – 1717.01.02)
- Karl Friedrich von Wendt (1784.06.25 – 1825.01.21)
- John Joseph Hughes (later Archbishop) (1837.08.08 – 1842.12.20)
- François Baudichon (1844.08.14 – 1882.06.11)
- François-Eugène Lions (李萬美), M.E.P. (1871.12.22 – 1893.04.24)
- Karl Ernst Schrod (1894.04.17 – 1914.04.10)
- Pedro Pablo Drinot y Piérola, SS.CC. (1920.10.21 – 1935.09.11)
- Alexandre Poncet, S.M. (1935.11.11 – 1973.09.18)
Notes and References
- ^ Mansi, VII, 305.
- ^ Hist. Geogr. of Asia Minor, 179.
- ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 52, and directory notes accompanying.
- ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
- ^ Mansi, ibid., 301-314.
- ^ Hierocles, Synecdemos, ed. Parthey, 169.
- ^ "Basilinopolis" in Catholic Encyclopedia
- ^ Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, vol. VI, coll. 760 e 949.
- ^ Mansi, op. cit., t. VIII, col. 1050.
- ^ [www.degruyter.com] 'Sisinnios', in Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit, Berlin-Boston (2013), #6715.
- ^ Mansi, op. cit., t. XIII, col. 145 e 389.
- ^ Mansi, op. cit., t. XVII-XVIII, col. 377.
- ^ [www.doaks.org] Michael bishop of Basilinoupolis, Online Catalogue of Byzantine Seals, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 847
Sources and external links
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton..
- Bibliography - ecclesiastical
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 443
- Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, vol. I, coll. 623-626
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 5, p. 115; vol. 6, p. 117
- Raymond Janin, lemma 'Basilinopolis' in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. VI, 1932, coll. 1236-1237